IAS Mains Geog Paper: 2 2014 Youtube Lecture Handouts

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IAS Geography 2014 Paper Paper2

1(a) Map Location.

IAS Mains Geography Questions

1(b) Explain how eco-tourism activities could be important livelihood options in the Himalayan and North-Eastern regions of the country.

  • Minimize negative aspects of conventional tourism

  • Creates promotion of recycling, energy efficiency

  • Water conservation and creation of economic opportunities for local communities

  • Ecologically oriented

  • Participation and empowerment of local people

  • Approach is bio-centric in nature

1(c) How is drainage pattern determined by the water divide?

Watch video lecture on YouTube: Life Cycle of a River - Stream Orders, Erosion, Transportation and Deposition Life Cycle of a River - Stream Orders, Erosion, Transportation and Deposition
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  • Water divide separates the drainage systems

  • Drainage pattern is affected by rock, topography, geological time, slope and amount of water flow.

  • Explain Consequent and Antecedent Drainage Systems

  • 1(d) Location of thermal power plants and coal fields in India are not mutually conducive. Analyse.

  • Thermal power plants are mainly coal fired. Some based on natural gas and others are oil based.

  • Use of poor quality coal in India

  • Heavy costs on the environment, resources and health.

  • Emissions of harmful particulate matter and oxides of nitrogen and sulphur.

  • Challenges of disposing off ash that has toxic heavy metals.

  • Consumes large amounts of water

  • Coal mining impacts land, air and water & exacerbate environmental footprint of coal-based power.

1(e) Why has agro and social forestry has failed to achieve its objectives?

Watch video lecture on YouTube: 3 Types of Agroforestry: Differentiating it from Social Forestry 3 Types of Agroforestry: Differentiating It from Social Forestry
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Watch video lecture on YouTube: Peoples' Empowerment: Social Forestry, its Types, Benefits and Shortcomings Peoples' Empowerment: Social Forestry, Its Types, Benefits and Shortcomings
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2(a) Bring out the distribution of Laterite soils in India and their specific use for agriculture.

Watch video lecture on YouTube: 8 Types of Soils in India - Geography of India 8 Types of Soils in India - Geography of India
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2(b) Suggest the measures of wild-life conservation with reference to extinction of rare species.

  • Protect habitat

  • Delimit regions

  • Restrict hunting

  • Develop sanctuaries

  • Wildlife management

  • Wild Life Protection Act, 1972

2(c) Describe the problems of agro-based industries in India in general and cotton textiles in particular.

  • Non availability of finance

  • Distance from warehouse

  • Dependence on government supply

  • Large investment in fixed asset

  • Breakdown in production

  • Natural calamities

  • Competition with machine made cloth

  • Lack of organization

  • Obsolete machinery

3(a) Highlight the socio-economic and ecological roles of River Cauvery in its riverine tract.

  • It is One of the Saptha Sindhu Rivers

  • Called as Dakshin Ganga

  • Agriculture & fertililty

  • Values in Purana - Skandpurana

3(b) Discuss the problems and prospects of National Waterway No. 1.

  • Topography with low depths and heavy meandering

  • Fluctuation in water levels

  • Silting of river beds

  • Obstacles due to irrigational facilities and power generation sites

  • Environment concerns of affecting the flora and fauna

  • Shortage of infrastructure for cargo transportation

  • Lack of interdepartmental and inter-state coordination

  • Prospects: Tourism, Transport, Recreational activities, Irrigation, Power generation, Inland Trade and Cheap and environment friendly mode of transportation

3(c) Explain the concept of ‘Make in India’ and indicate the essential inputs for its success.

  • Increase in FDI

  • Create Employment

  • Foster innovation

  • Harness Technology

  • Simplification of tax rules - GST

4(a) Describe the salient climatological characteristics of Rayalaseema region.

  • Rayalseema includes Anantapur, Chittoor, Kadapa and Kurnool (Nallamalai mts).

  • Economically backward area

  • Dry tract

  • No high mountain ranges, no thick forests, the paucity of perennial rivers, a low rainfall and landlocked region with no coastline

  • Archean granites and gneisses

  • Mainly red soil

  • Rainshadow area

    Q-4(b) Iamge

    Q-4(B) Iamge

    Q-4(b) Iamge

4(b) ‘In spite of various negative impacts of Green Revolution, there is a demand for New Green Revolution’. Elaborate.

  • Drawbacks: Regional inequality, negative impact on land reforms

  • Decrease in imports

  • Industrial growth

  • Rural employment

  • Increase in buffer stock

  • Increase in income of farmers

4(c) What are the desired possible changes in our trade policy to promote the development of cottage industry?

Q-4(c) Iamge

Q-4(C) Iamge

Q-4(c) Iamge

Increase exports

Curb imports – tariff


Tech savvy

Compete with foreign goods

Khadi India



5(a) Map Location

IAS Mains Geography Questions

5(b) Highlight the implications of declining child sex ratio in India.

  • Lack of literacy, poverty and religious sentiments

  • Female foeticide

  • Sex determination and killing of girl child

  • Rise in cases of crime

  • Positive side: Increase female bargaining power in the marriage market, shifting resources and family structures to favour women

5(c) Analyse the feasibility of ‘Smart Towns’ Development in India.

Watch video lecture on YouTube: 3 Urban Mega Schemes - Smart City Mission, AMRUT & PMAY - Key MAP Locations 3 Urban Mega Schemes - Smart City Mission, AMRUT & PMAY - Key MAP Locations
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5(d) Comment on the criteria of identifying Drought Prone Areas in India.

1962 Irrigation Commission:

Drought-prone area as one which receives less than 10 cm rainfall

Even 3/4th of this is not received in 20% more of the years under consideration

Area in which 30% or less of the total cropped area is irrigated

Identifying Drought Prone Areas in India

Identifying Drought Prone Areas in India

Identifying Drought Prone Areas in India

5(e) Bring out the role of terrain in determining India’s political influence over neighbouring countries.

  • Nepal & Bhutan - Due to common sharing of Alluvial terrain, common way of life across border

  • China – Aksai Chin - Terrain has given us extra edge in controlling the border areas with China always want to break.

  • Easy terrain makes disturbance prominent along Pakistan border and north east border with China. These two issue dominated the geopolitics of the Indian subcontinent.

6(a) Discuss the trends in emigration focusing on its major thrust.

  • Discuss migration theory of Ravenstein and Lee

  • Development of Counter-urbanization (within nation)

  • Outside nation

6(b) Account for the multiple problems of urban agglomerations.

  • Overcrowding

  • Housing

  • Unemployment

  • Slums and Squatter Settlements

  • Transport

  • Water

  • Sewerage Problems

  • Trash Disposal

  • Urban Crimes

  • Urban Pollution

6(c) Evaluate the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme.

  • New approach to address persistent regional imbalances

  • Program subsumed Rashtriya Sama Vikas Yojana (RSVY)

  • Bridge critical gaps in local infrastructure

  • Facilitate participatory planning, decision making, implementation and monitoring

  • Provide professional support to local bodies

  • From top-down plans to participative plans

  • 11% fund for capacity building and staff provisioning

7(a) How can a meaningful skill development programme contribute to the economic growth of hill areas?

  • Skill development to improve labour market outcome and economic growth

  • Inclusion of marginalized groups

  • Inclusion of marketable skills

  • Channels to connect market and human resource.

  • Promotion of traditional arts and communication

  • Promote tourism and business

  • Increase physical and cultural connections

7(b) Differentiate between the ‘intensity’ and ‘magnitude’ of an earthquake and explain its varying impact in different parts of India.

Watch video lecture on YouTube: Earthquakes - Causes, Distribution, Impact & 4 Types of Waves Earthquakes - Causes, Distribution, Impact & 4 Types of Waves
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7(c) Discuss the implications of India’s strategic location with reference to the Indian Ocean.

  • Trade

  • Investment

  • Diplomacy

  • Strategic partners

  • Middle east and SE Asia have mineral deposits critical for India

  • All sea lanes to Indian Ocean mainly Suez Canal and Straits of Malacca are kept open at all times

8(a) India is involved in a number of border disputes. Explain the reasons and remedies.

  • People's Republic of China

    • Aksai Chin

    • Depsang Plains

    • Trans-Karakoram Tract

    • Arunachal Pradesh

  • Pakistan

    • Jammu and Kashmir 222,236 sq km

    • Siachen Glacier

    • Saltoro Ridge

    • Sir Creek

  • Nepal: Kalapani & Susta

  • Sri Lanka: Kachchatheevu

  • Bangladesh: South Talpatti Island & Indo-Bangladesh enclaves

8(b) Discuss the concept of Command Area Development and evaluate its success with reference to Indira Gandhi Canal.

  • Launched in 1974-75

  • Improve utilization of created irrigation potential

  • Optimize agriculture production and productivity from irrigated agriculture by multi-disciplinary team under Area Development

  • Cons: Water supply outlet was unreliable, lack of technology, lack of farmers participation

8(c) How has an inappropriate urban land use policy accounted for undesirable development in and around metropolitan cities?

Explain Urban Sprawl

Sail through IAS Mains and Prelims: Fully-explained Prelims (Both GS & Aptitude) problems with detailed solutions. Notes & detailed answers for Mains GS, Essay, Complulsory (Hindi and English) papers and optionals.