IAS Mains Philosophy Papers 1999

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IAS Mains Philosophy 1999

Paper I

Section A

  1. Clarify any three of the following in not more than 200 words each

    1. Aristotles arguments for his theory of substance

    2. Husserls project of presupposition less inquiry

    3. Russells concept of negative facts

    4. Kants Ideas of Reason

  2. Evaluate Humes theory of personal identity.

  3. Clarify Moores conception of common sense and examine his arguments in its defense.

  4. Examine Quinces critique of the linguistic theory of necessary propositions.

Section B

  1. Write short notes (not more than 200 words each) on any three of the following:

    1. The Nyaya theory of causality

    2. The Pun. aM1mamsa conception of khyati

    3. The Samkhya arguments for the existence of prakrti

    4. The Jaina arguments for anekantavada

  2. Explain the Nyaya-Vaisesika theory of vyapti and vyaptijnana.

  3. Evaluate Nagarjunas arguments for, sunyavada.

  4. Explain Sankaras conception of moksa. What, in his view, is the relation of karma and jnana to moksa? Justify your answer.

Paper II

Section A

  1. Write critical notes on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each

    1. Reformative theory of punishment

    2. Liberal Democracy

    3. Sarvodaya

    4. Scientific Temper

  2. We obey the state because in the end it most truly represents ourselves. Discuss the relation of the individual and the state in the light of the above concept of the state.

  3. Give a critical account of Austins view that power is the determining factor of sovereignty.

  4. Explain humanism and discuss the essential features of radical humanism.

Section B

  1. Write critical notes on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each.

    1. Religion, Theology and Philosophy of Religion

    2. Jivanmukti

    3. Naturalistic notion of God

    4. Religion and Morality

  2. Explain the ontological argument for Gods existence and examine the fallacies involved in this argument.

  3. What is the problem of evil? Discuss the theistic solution to this problem.

  4. Elucidate the nature of religious knowledge. Is revelation a sufficient of religious knowledge?


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