IAS Mains Philosophy 2019 Expected Questions

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  1. How does Aristotle’s notion of causation defer from the modern notion of causation. (2010/15)

  2. Comment on – Plato’s analogy of the cave and its significance in his theory of knowledge. (2009/20)

  3. Aristotle’s teleological conception of causation. Short Notes (2008/20)

  4. Plato’s recollection theory of knowledge. Short Notes. (2007/20)

  5. How does Aristotle’s notion of causation defer from the modern notion of causation.

  6. Comment on – Plato’s analogy of the cave and its significance in his theory of knowledge.

  7. Aristotle’s teleological conception of causation. Short Notes

  8. Plato’s recollection theory of knowledge. Short Notes.

  9. Discuss the ‘theory of matter’ according to Aristotle. Short Notes.

  10. Distinction between opinion and knowledge. Short Notes.

  11. State and discuss Plato’s theory of forms.

  12. ‘A universal exists only in the particular’. Discuss in this connection Aristotle’s notion of universal and the idea of substance that follows it.

  13. ‘While Plato’s metaphysics is a visionary one, Aristotle’s metaphysics is a descriptive one.’ Explain fully giving the essential differences between the views of the two thinkers regarding the nature of reality. (2002/60)

  14. Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz): Cartesian Method and Certain Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Dualism; Determinism and Freedom.

  15. Write a short critical essay on Spinoza’s conception of freedom of an individual.

  16. Explain Descarte’s method of doubt. Can this method be used to justify his belief in the existence of God? Argue your case.

  17. Give a critical account of Leibnitz’s principle of the identity of indiscernible.

  18. Does Monadology sufficiently explain the nature of Substance? Are monads independent of each other? Explain.(2012/15)

  19. Does Leibnitz succeed in combining the mechanical with the teleological view of the world? Explain his theory of Pre-Established Harmony.(2012/15)

  20. If ‘Every determination is negation ‘then how can Substance have attributes? Explain. (2012/15)

  21. How does Descartes’ ‘cogito ergo sum’ affect Hume and Kant’s transcendental philosophy? Explain (2012/12)

  22. Is the concept of freedom consistent with the theory of determinism of Spinoza? Support your answer with arguments (2011/30)

  23. Why does Descartes not doubt the existence of God? Explain. (2011/15)

  24. Why does Spinoza think that God alone is absolutely real? Explain. (2010/20)

  25. Interactionism in the philosophical context. Short notes (2009/20)

  26. Compare the views of Leibnitz and Hume on the concept of substance. (2009/30)

  27. Compare the views of Spinoza and Sartre on Freedom. (2009/30)

  28. Explain Leibnitz’s notion of monad. Can monad be regarded as a basic particular in the Strawsonian sense? (2008/60)

  29. Discuss Descarte’s Dualism. (2006/60)

  30. Explain Spinoza’s theory of Substance. (2006/60)

  31. Mind and Body as two interacting substances. Short notes. (2005/20)

  32. Spinoza’s conception of the Ultimate Substance. Short Notes. (2005/20)

  33. ‘I think, therefore I am.’ Short Notes. (2004/20)

  34. State and critically examine Spinoza’s doctrine of the identity of the Substance, God and nature. (2002/60)

  35. Was Hume skeptic? If not then what is his contribution to philosophy? (2012/15)

  36. John Locke said that ‘No man’s knowledge can go beyond his experience’. Discuss critically the implications of this statement.(2012/12)

  37. What, according to Empiricists is the concept of Substance? Discuss. (2011/20)

  38. What metaphysical implications can be derived from Berkeley’s statement “Esse EST Percipi”? (2010/30)

  39. Does Hume deny the possibility of knowledge? Discuss. (2010/15)

  40. “To be is to be perceived”. Discuss. (2009/20)

  41. Compare the view of Leibnitz and Hume on the concept of substance. (2009/30)

  42. Hume and Kant on metaphysics. Short notes. (2008/20)

  43. State and discuss Locke’s views on Substance. (2007/60)

  44. Explain the theory of knowledge according to Locke. Short Notes. (2006/20)

  45. Hume’s Phenomenalism. Short Notes.

  46. Explain Kant’s view of causality. How far is Kant able to answerHume’s objection that causal relation lacks logical necessity.(2013 :12 ½)

  47. What is Antinomy? Describe the major antinomies discussed byKant. (2013/10)

  48. Why Kant’s philosophy known as Copernicus revolution in metaphysics? What was revolutionary about Kantian philosophy? Give reasons for it.(2012/15)

  49. “Hume aroused me from my dogmatic slumber”. In what context Kant has made this statement? Explain. (2011/20)

  50. What is the basic difference between Leibniz and Kant on the concept of space and time? (2010/30)

  51. Why does Kant say that existence is not a predicate?

  52. Comment on Kant’s objections against the ontological argument for the existence of God.

  53. Hume and Kant on Metaphysics. Short Notes.

  54. The significance of Kant’s distinction between phenomena and noumena. Notes.

  55. How is synthetic apriori judgment possible? Short Notes.

  56. ‘Kant’s “Critical Philosophy” is reconciliation between Rationalism and Empiricism.’ Elucidate the remark fully and bring out the consequence of such reconciliation for the possibility of traditional metaphysics.

  57. Comment: ‘Movement is contradiction itself’ Examine in this context Hegel’s dialectical method.

  58. Explain Hegelian dialectical method and show how it is useful in explaining the historical development process?

  59. “The rational is real and the real is rational”. Short notes

  60. Hegal’s Dialectical method. Short Notes.

  61. Critically discuss the Hegal’s Dialectical method. Short Notes.

  62. Hegal’s Dialectical Method. Short notes.

  63. Distinguish between atomic and general proposition. Show how they are justified true.

  64. Comment : ‘ Moore’s defence of common sense essentially is defence of common language ’

  65. Explain the theory of definite descriptions according to Russell.

  66. Are the arguments given by G.E. Moore against Idealism adequate? Give reasons for your answer.

  67. What is Russell’s idea of ‘Incomplete symbols’ in his theory of description? Discuss.

  68. What does Moore want to establish when he asserts that propositions like “Earth exists or we have consciousness” are truism? Discuss.

  69. Explain the theory of logical construction. Does it provide a satisfactory account of knowledge?

  70. State and discuss Russell’s analysis of Definite Descriptions.

  71. Critically discuss Moore’s Refutation of Idealism.

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