IAS Mains Public Administration 1997

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Public Administration-1997 (Main) (Paper-I)

Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 300

Candidates should attempt Questions 1 and 5 which are compulsory, and any three of the remaining questions selecting at least one question from each Section. All questions carry equal marks.

Section A

  1. Comment on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:

    1. In the science of administration, whether public or private, the basic good is efficiency.

    2. That is to be a successful administrator one must have a catholic curiosity.

    3. Once fully established, bureaucracy is among those social structures which are the hardest to destroy.

    4. Theoretically the Board administration violates the distinction between government and politics because through it politics is injected in the administration.

  2. Examine the basic postulates of the Human Relations Theory and show how far it differs from the classical theory of organizations.

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. Frederick Herzbergs Two-factor theory is more or less an extension of Abraham Maslows theory of motivation. Explain.

    2. Centralization inclines toward power and domination. Decentralization, on the other hand, inclines toward competition and self-dermination. Discuss.

  4. How far is it true to state that for a developing democracy the concept of civil service neutrality is outdated; instead there is a need for a civil service with professional competence and commitment?

Section B

  1. Comment on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:

    1. The controls exercised over administration by legislature are, in sum of greater theoretical than practical efficacy.

    2. Development administration is basically an action-oriented, goal-oriented administrative system.

    3. The central concern of administrative law has been the legal limitation of administrative discretion.

    4. Administrative reforms are induced changes in the machinery of government undertaken in order to bridge the gap between reality and desirability.

  2. Bring out the importance of Organization and Methods (O & M). Do you think that there should be a separate O & M organization?

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. Time-honoured and yet often not sufficiently appreciated are the fiscal techniques for securing responsible conduct of administrative business. Discuss.

    2. How far is it true to state that delegated legislation has become a present day necessity and it has come to stay; it is both inevitable and indispensable?

  4. Policy-making does not end once a decision is made. The implementation of the decision can have just as great an impact on public policy as the decision itself. Discuss.

Public Administration-1997 (Main) (Paper-II)

Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 300

Section A

  1. Comment on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:

    1. Under the Companys rule a distinction was drawn between Regulation and Non-Regulation Provinces.

    2. The Preamable to the Constitution is key to open the mind of the markers.

    3. The Directive Principles of State Policy are socialistic in their direction and content.

    4. The legislative relations between Union and State governments are more biased towards Union government.

  2. Examine the motives and intentions of the framers of the Indian Constitution as they opted for the system of parliamentary democracy in India.

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. The efficiency of the Cabinet depends to a large extent on the Cabinet Secretariat Elucidate.

    2. For national planning, the commission type of organisation was deliberately preferred. Examine the Statement.

  4. The States are constitutionally obliged to ensure that the laws passed by Parliament are implemented. Explain the constitutional position fully.

Section B

  1. Comment on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:

    1. The main function of the Public Accounts Committee is to ascertain that the money granted by Parliament has been spent the government within the scope of the demand.

    2. The word Police in the title of the Central Reserve Police Force and the Indo-Tibetan Border Police is a misnomer.

    3. A singular feature of the 74th Constitutional Amendment is the new role assigned to the urban local bodies in the field of planning.

    4. The machinery of administrative tribunals has been provided for the purpose of speedy and cheap justice against official excesses.

  2. Critically examine the role of the Finance Ministry as the custodian of all public revenues.

  3. Answer the following questions

    1. The District Rural Development Agency is presently serving as the nodal agency of rural development at the district level. Explain.

    2. The most momentous recommendation of the Asoka Mehta Committee was the creation of a two-tier system of Panchayati Raj. Examine the statement.

  4. Trace the origin of the Lokayukta plan and comment on its working.

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