IAS Mains Sociology Paper 2010

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Section –A

Q.1 Write short notes on any four of the following, keeping sociological perspectives in view (each short note in about 200 words) :

  1. Content Analysis

  2. Nomothetic and Idiographic Methods

  3. Serendipity

  4. Cybernetic Hierarchy of Control

  5. Ethnicity and Development


  1. “Sociology without History is rootless and History without Sociology is fruitless.” Elaborate.

  1. Examine the social dimensions of religious revivalism and fundamentalism in the context of globalization.


  1. “Work in capitalism is reduced to mere labour in which the individual does not develop freely his physical and mental energy but mortifies his body and ruins his mind.” Critically evaluate the assertion.

  1. Compare Karl Marx with Emile Durkheim with reference to the framework of ‘division of labour’.


  1. Critically analyse the contributions of G.H Mead to ‘symbolic interactionism’.

  1. Examine how open and closed systems of stratification are undergoing transformation in the emergence of new hierarchical social order in societies.

Section –B

Q.5 Write short notes on any four of the following, form a sociological perspective (each short note in about 200 words) :

  1. Feminisation of Labour in Informal Sector

  2. Identity Politics

  3. Positive Religion

  4. Positive Religion

  5. Human Relations School of Thought by Elton Mayo as a social organisation of work process in industry


  1. “There has been a substantial decline in labour class and increase in labour force in non-manual jobs with the advent of new technological revolution.” Critically examine.

  1. Distinguish between people being socially excluded and people excluding themselves socially in societies.

  1. “Science has empirical means to logical ends and religion has non-empirical means to logical ends.” Comment.


  1. List the sources of power and explain the various indicators based on which power can be measured.

  1. Analyse the social impact of market economy on traditional societies.

  1. Examine the social dimensions of displacemenet induced by development.


  1. Evaluate how civil society and democracy mutually reinforce each other.

  1. Examine Karl Marx’s views on ‘class-in-itself’ and ‘class-for-itself’ with reference to proletarians.


Section –A

Q.1 Write short notes with a sociological perspective on the following in not more than 200 words each :

  1. A. R. Desai’s characterization of leadership of Indian freedom movement.

  2. Women in the I. T. sector.

  3. The Parsi community and its contribution to Indian society.

Q.2 Comment critically on each of the following in about 200 words :

  1. The heterogenic feature that influenced Indian tradition, according to Yogendra Singh.

  2. Linkages between Patriarchy and honour killings.

  3. Dumont’s concept of homohierarchicus.


  1. With reference to their understanding of the Indian village, compare the perspectives of M. N. Srinivas and S. C. Dube.

  1. Critically assess the forms in which untouchability continues to be practiced.


  1. Discuss the inter-relationship between caste, class and power.

  1. How far is the structural functional perspective helpful in understanding changes in contemporary Indian society ?

Section –B

Q.5 Write short notes on the following in not more than 200 words each. Your answers should have a sociological perspective.

  1. Factors responsible for increasing demands for the information of separate states.

  2. Social security measures for the elderly.

  3. Ethnic movements.


  1. Evaluate the policy of SEZ (special economic zones) and the nature of social response to it.

  1. From a sociological perspective, examine the effects of the BPO industry on the youth.


  1. Identify the reasons for the resilience of democratic system in India.

  1. Assess the contribution of contemporary women’s movement in women’s empowerment.


  1. Discuss the socio-cultural factors for the declining sex-ratio in states of India.

  1. Highlight the important dimensions of inter-caste conflict in India.