Sociology Most Important Questions Part 3 For 2020 Exam

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  1. Taking clue from Weber’s analysis of the role of Calvinist ethics in the rise of mature capitalism, discuss the relative impact of (a) economic conditions, and (b) values and ideas, on social change.

  2. Write Short Note:

    1. Pareto on social equilibrium.

    2. Power and legitimacy

  3. Explain the basic features of the ex post facto research design and assess its role in sociological research.

  4. Write Short Note:

    1. Sources of hypothesis.

    2. Survey research.

  5. Discuss the impact of religious, linguistic, caste and tribal groups on the nation building process in India.

  6. Examine whether the different centres of political power in India are successful as democratic institutions. (400 Words)

  7. Write Short Note:

    1. Social movements in post-independence India.

  8. Bring out the relationship between technological development and changes in family and kinship. How do you account for the different types of kinship system in the U.S. and Japan which are similar with regard to technological development?

  9. Distinguish between observation and interviewing as techniques of data collection. Under what contexts may their use be recommended? Bring out their merits and demerits as regards their objectivity and validity. (300 Words)

  10. Write short notes on any two of the following: (200 Words)

    1. Dialectics of change as applied to the Indian society.

  11. What argument are adduced by some authors to assert that the caste system is peculiar only to India, and by some others to show that it is a universal phenomenon observable in other parts of the world as well?

  12. Traditionally, marriage in the Father-right societies in India was not merely a union between man and woman, but a permanent transfer of a woman from the family of her parents into that of her husband. What customs and practices in marriage and family can you adduce to substantiate this observation?

  13. Give a brief account of the major social reform movements in the 19th and 20th century India. How and why can they be regarded fundamentally different from such movements in the past (250 W0rds)

  14. What are the major postulates in functional analysis? Is the framework conservative or radical in its approach to the study of social phenomena? Substantiate your view. (300 Words)

  15. Discuss how the sociologists have tried to solve the problem of differentiating the nature and scope of their discipline from the subject matter of other social sciences. (300 Words)

  16. Write short notes on ALL of the following (Each answer should not exceed 200 words):

    1. (a) Cultural lag and directed change.

    2. (b) Role of education in continuity and change.

    3. (c) Impact of property concepts on the nature of society.

    4. (d) Power of the elite and the masses in democratic societies.

  17. Explain the basic features of “bureaucracy” and “oligarchy”. Do you, think that they have become a part or all modern societies? If so, why? Substantiate your answer with examples.

  18. Write notes on any three of the following in not more than 200 words each:-

    1. Orthogenetic and heterogenetic factors of social change in India.

    2. The changing position of woman in India.

    3. Panchayati Raj

  19. Describe the variation in the form, structure and function of the Indian family at present. Can this be under-stood in terms of rural-urban dichotomy? Elaborate your point of view.

  20. Write notes on ALL of the following in not more than 200 words each:-

    1. Social structural impediments to the adaptation of family planning practices in India.

    2. Socio-religious reform movements in modern India.

  21. Compare and contrast the stratification systems and ideological patterns among the major religious categories in India. Evaluate the problem of religious conversion against this background. (250 Words)

  22. Write short notes on ALL of the following (Each answer should not exceed 200 words):-

    1. Sucide as a social fact.

    2. Decent and Kinship as social networks.

    3. Modernization and intergenerational mobility.

    4. Suitability of questionnaire for data collection in developing societies.

  23. How far do you agree with the view that while neopositivism reduces sociology measurement, functionalism directs attention towards meaning? Can functionalism explain dynamic social processes? (300 Words)

  24. Discuss the utility of Max Weber’s ideal type as a methodological tool. Explain how Weber uses the ideal type procedure to depict the authority patterns. (300 Words)

  25. Write short notes on ALL of the following (Each should not exceed 200 words) :-

    1. Industrialization and regional imbalances.

    2. Social movements and the uplift of the weaker sections.

    3. Indoctrination and educational processes.

  26. Discuss the role of participative decision making in formal and informal organizations. Is it possible to have workers’ participation in industrial organizations?

  27. Discuss the changing political relations in rural India in the context of democratic decentralization.(250 Words)

  28. Write notes on ALL of the following in not more than 200 words on each:

    1. Westernization and modernization

  29. Discuss industrialization and urbanization as inter related factors of social change in India.

  30. Analyse the social determinants of industrialization. Will industrialization per se lead to equality and balanced development in the society?

  31. Write notes on ALL the following is not more than 200 words on each:

    1. Unionization and the agrarian classes

  32. Distinguish between the Indological and the Sociological views on the Hindu family and show how the former has influenced the latter. (300 Words)

  33. Examine the view that the traditional social institutions of India are a major impediment to its industralisation. (250 Words)

  34. How far is, it true to say that the urban social structure in India is only a replica of the rural social structure? (250 Words)

  35. Analyse scientific theory of culture. Will the crisis in culture in the contemporary society facilitate the emergence of new man? (250 Words)

  36. Write short notes on ALL of the following (each answer should not exceed 200 words):

    1. Changing concept of property

  37. Discuss family as a basic and fundamental social institution. Do you think the changing sex roles necessitate the replacement of family by another institution? (250 Words)

  38. Explain the role of community power structure in the political decision-making processes in the society. Are power and authority getting broad based in India today? (250 Words)

  39. Write short notes on ALL the following is not more than 200 words each:

    1. Scheduled caste elites

  40. Discuss the contributions of Durkheim to sociology. How far did his methodology influence sociological traditions?

  41. What are the agencies of social control? Which is the most effective one in a democratic society?

  42. Write short notes on ALL of the following (each answer should not exceed 200 words):

    1. Planned development in a democracy.

    2. Power.

    3. Social Mobility.

    4. Youth Culture.

  43. Has development been successful in removing poverty? Can you relate development to progress? (250 Words)

  44. Can education be considered as an agent of social change? In what manner can it establish a new social order? (250 Words)

  45. How is Marxism relevant to developing nations? Will it be able to establish classless societies? (250 Words)

  46. Write short notes on ALL of the following is not more than 200 words each:

    1. Protective discrimination: its sociology and politics.

    2. Kula, Vansa and Gotra

  47. Comment on the distinction between ‘hierarchy’ and ‘social stratification’. Which of the two will be a more appropriate term to describe the caste system and why?

  48. Discuss the process of social mobility in the caste system commonly described as sanskritization and westernization. Have they reflected any structural change in the system?

  49. Write short notes on ALL of the following (each answer should not exceed 200 words):

    1. New strategies for the rural development in India

  50. Discuss Durkheim’s concept of Division of labour. In what way does it differ from that of classical and neoclassical economists? 3. Show how culture constituted a seminal idea in B. Malinowski’s works.

  51. Write short notes on the following (each answer should not exceed 200 words):

    1. Ethnic group and its role in society

  52. How do you relate the educational system to the economic development in India?

  53. Write notes on ALL the following in not more than 200 words each:

    1. The Indian intellectual between tradition and modernity

  54. Discuss the changing value-orientations of women in the Indian middle class families.

  55. Write notes on ALL of the following in not more than 200 words each:

    1. Education for development: the sociological implications of the new education policy.

    2. Communal tensions: their economic and social background.

    3. Urban emerging pattern of rural leadership.

    4. Urban decay: the culture of overcrowded neighbourhoods and slums in industrial cities.

  56. Trace the impact of culture contact on the Indian tribes.

  57. Discuss the factors responsible for the growing felling of alienation among the religious minorities in India. How can they be made to overcome this feeling?

  58. Stress the importance of regional development in the context of national planning in India. Can regional disparities be reduced within the framework of a centralist planning?

  59. Do you agree with Max Weber that the Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism are correlated? What are the alternative theories suggested by other academics?

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