Draft National Education Policy 2019: Most Important for 2022 Exam

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The Draft National Education Policy 2019 is prepared by committee chaired by Dr. K. Kasturirangan aims at making India a knowledge superpower by equipping students with necessary skills and knowledge. It also focuses on eliminating the shortages of manpower in Science and technology, Academics and industries.

The Draft NEP is built on the foundational pillars of Access, Equity, Quality, Affordability, and Accountability.

Key Features of the Draft Policy

  1. The policy aims to cover school education, higher education and professional education besides agriculture, legal, medical and technical education which also covers vertical vocational education, teachers education etc.
  2. The policy aims to cover public private partnership in higher education with internationalization of higher education.
  3. The policy aims to promote role of central government funded institutions to improve the quality of people՚s lives.
  4. The policy aims to cover technology adoption to improve the access and quality of education.
  5. The policy aims to provide spending 15 % of gross domestic product on research and development.
  6. The policy also tries to focus on certain foundational skills that the children should have in the proposed structure
  7. The first stage of five years for children age 3 - 8 yrs
  8. The preparatory stage for children in the age group of 8 - 11 yrs.


  1. Less consensus on the integration of the foundational learning with the schooling.
  2. No mention of how the state regulatory body will regulate the government institutions.
  3. The draft proposes the expensive proposition and a constitutional amendment is required to change the limits for compulsory schooling in the country.
  4. Country does not have enough capacity to provide teachers education.

Controversy -Three Language Formula

  1. The government has removed the three language formula from the draft adopted dating back to 1968 , means students in hindi speaking states should learn a modern Indian language, apart from Hindi and English and in non-Hindi speaking states, Hindi along with the regional language and English.
  2. There is a symbiotic relationship between the languages.
  3. The Kothari Commission in 1964 suggested that students from the north India should learn one language from the south India.
  4. In the south there is agitation on the super imposition of the Hindi language as the third language.

Way Forward

The policy aims to bring the uniformity or paradigm shift in the field of education by empowering the children , teachers and educational institutions . There are specific and clear proposals in the policy which with the little modification can be implemented well like Natal and prenatal education should be included , provision for teachers education program etc.