Indian Polity Prelims Part 1: Most Expected Problems for 2020 Exam: Explanations at doorsteptutor. Com

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1. In which of the following case/s the six rights guaranteed by article 19 can be suspended?

1. External Aggression.

2. Internal Emergency.

3. When Martial Law is in force.

A. 1 only.

B. 2 & 3 only.

C. 1 & 3 only.

D. 1, 2 & 3.

2. Which of the following rights is/are available to foreigners in India.

1. Right to Education.

2. Right to Information.

A. 1 only.

B. 2 only.

C. Both.

D. None.

3. Article 21 declares that –

“No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.”

The protection under article 21 is:

A. Against arbitrary legislative action.

B. Against arbitrary executive action.

C. Both A & B.

D. None.

4. Which of the following statement/s is/are correct:

1. Right to Information is a fundamental right enshrined in article 19 (1) of the constitution.

2. Supreme Court of India is not under the purview of RTI act.

A. 1 only.

B. 2 only.

C. Both.

D. None.

5. Article 32 confers the right to remedies for the enforcement of the FR of an aggrieved citizen. Consider the following statements w.r.t article 32.

1. Parliament can suspend this right during national emergency.

2. Only SC shall have the power to issue writs for the enforcement of any of the FR.

Correct statement/s is/are:

A. 1 only.

B. 2 only.

C. Both.

D. None

6. Which of the following right/s is/are enshrined in Article 21 – “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.”

1. Right to speedy trial.

2. Right against delayed execution.

A. 1 only.

B. 2 only.

C. Both.

D. None

7. Which of the following writs can be issued against administrative authorities?

A. Prohibition, Certiorari & Mandamus.

B. Certiorari & Mandamus.

C. Prohibition & Mandamus.

D. Prohibition & Certiorari.

8. The directive principles were made non – justiciable and legally non – enforceable because:

1. The country did not possess sufficient financial resources to implement them.

2. There was widespread backwardness in the country that could stand in the way of implementation.

A. 1 only.

B. 2 only.

C. Both.

D. None

9. Which of the following statement/s is/are correct.

1. The directive principles are meant to establish Political Democracy.

2. The directive principles are meant to establish Social Democracy.

3. The directive principles are meant to establish Economic Democracy.

A. 1 only.

B. 2 & 3 only.

C. 1 & 3 only.

D. 1, 2 & 3.

10. Which of the following statement/s is/are correct.

1. Fundamental Rights enjoy legal supremacy over Directive principles.

2. The parliament can amend the Fundamental Rights for implementing the directive principles.

A. 1 only.

B. 2 only.

C. Both.

D. None.

11. Which of the following statement/s is/are correct regarding Constitutional Amendment bill.

1. Prior permission of President is required before introducing the constitutional amendment bill in parliament.

2. President must give his assent to the bill if duly passed by both houses.

A. 1 only.

B. 2 only.

C. Both.

D. None

12. The emoluments, allowances, privileges and so on of Governor can be altered by:

A. A Constitutional Amendment Bill passed by simple majority of Parliament.

B. A Constitutional Amendment Bill passed by special majority of Parliament.

C. A Constitutional Amendment Bill passed by special majority of the Parliament and ratified by half of the state legislatures.

D. By a normal legislative process that does not require Constitutional Amendment.

13. Which of the following is/are federal feature/s of our constitution.

1. Supremacy of the Constitution.

2. Rigid Constitution.

3. Independent Judiciary.

A. 1 only.

B. 2 & 3 only.

C. 1 & 3 only.

D. 1, 2 & 3.

14. Which of the following statements are true about Centre – State relations.

1. In respect to matters enumerated in the concurrent list, the executive power rests with the states.

2. In respect to matters enumerated in the concurrent list, the legislative power rests with the centre.

A. 1 only.

B. 2 only.

C. Both.

D. None.

15. Which of the following statements are true about Centre – State relations.

1. During the proclamation of emergency (Article 352) the center can give direction to a state on any matter.

2. During the proclamation of emergency (Article 352) President can modify the constitutional distribution of revenues between the Centre & the states.

A. 1 only.

B. 2 only.

C. Both.

D. None.

16. Which of the following statements are correct.

1. The chairman and members of state PSC are appointed by the Governor, but can be removed only by the President.

2. The state Election Commissioner is appointed by the Governor but can be removed only by the President.

A. 1 only.

B. 2 only.

C. Both.

D. None.

17. Which of the following statement is correct with regard to Proclamation of Emergency.

A. Resolution approving & disapproving the proclamation of emergency is to be passed by either house of parliament by a special majority.

B. Resolution approving & disapproving the proclamation of emergency is to be passed by either house of parliament by a simple majority.

C. Resolution disapproving the proclamation of emergency is to be passed by either house of parliament by a simple majority.

D. None of these.

18. Which of the following situation/s will be proper to impose Presidents rule in a state (Article 356).

1. Where after general elections to the assembly, no party secures a majority.

2. Serious maladministration in the state.

3. Stringent financial exigencies of the state.

A. 1 only.

B. 2 & 3 only.

C. 1 & 3 only.

D. 1, 2 & 3.

19. Which of the following situation/s are correct with regard to Proclamation of Financial Emergency (Article 360).

1. It can be extended to an indefinite period with an approval of the parliament for every six months.

2. A resolution approving the proclamation of financial emergency is to be passed by either house of parliament by simple majority.

3. The President may issue directions for reduction of salaries and allowances of Supreme Court and High Court Judges.

A. 1 only.

B. 2 & 3 only.

C. 1 & 3 only.

D. 1, 2 & 3.

20. The Electoral College for President’s election consist of:

1. Elected members of both the houses of parliament.

2. Elected members of the legislative assemblies.

3. Elected members of all Union Territories.

A. 1.

B. 2 & 3.

C. 1 & 2.

D. 1, 2 & 3.

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