Exam Strategy for Political Science
UPSC initiate the step i.e.. Revision of syllabus of political science has created a outstanding opportunities and platform to achieve good marks in the subjects. Also, even for those students who don't belong to the background of political science can perform better, The reason behind that is one becomes well updated and innovative enough to induce new scientific strategy being in conformity with the dynamic need of new syllabus.
As almost all purely factual aspects of the syllabus have been eliminated. Also the Different current topical themes have been included under the new syllabus thereby making study more desirable. For instance, after revision core highlights of the syllabus are feminism, globalization, terrorism, environment, nuclear threat or nuclear proliferation, current developments in Indian Foreign Policy etc. The objective of this write-up however, is to make you aware regarding the subject pertaining to the revised syllabus.
Political Science even earlier to revision of the syllabus too was of scientific nature but under new syllabus excludingionally marvelous deals of current topical applied themes have been included. When we talk regarding the revised syllabus, Few amount of exposure to the desirable contemporary Prominent topics namely globalization, environment etc.
Prominent Trends in Indian Govt & Politics Section
- Indian nationalists (namely Dadabhai Naoroji, Tilak, Saverkar, Jayprakash Narain, Subhash Chandra Bose, Ambedkar, Ram Manohar Lohia) excluding Mahatma Gandhi and Nehru have been eliminated (from paper 1 section B topic no 1 of the earlier syllabus)
- Factual themes from topic no. 4 paper 1 section B of earlier syllabus have been wholly deleted without any inclusion.
- 1. Core field of focus under new syllabus is on applied horizons. For instance actual working of principal organs of the Union Government and those of the state government (paper 1 topic) Changing nature of centre-state relations, inter-state conflicts (paper 1 − 7th topic)
- 2. Various themes purely related to Indian Economy (i.e.. G S) have been incorporated under new syllabus. For instance planning and economic development-Nehruvian and Gandhian perspectives, role of planning and public sector, green revolution, land reforms and agrarian relations, liberalization and economic reforms.
- 3. Various prominent issues or trends too have been included. Iv) Subaltern movements namely civil liberties and human rights movements, women's movements, environmentalist movement (paper 1, 11th topic) are the core glimpses of the new syllabus, These are the new social movement (i.e.. GS forms a core component of G. S & essay paper as well as interview plan.
Prominent Trends in Paper I Political Theory Section
Under the new syllabus of political science paper I, political theory section has been made to be remarkably easier plus simpler wherein specialized background of the subject. For instance these topics have been completely deleted from paper I, political theory. State sovereignty-Marxist and pluralistic theories, globalization and the state (3rd topic). Theories of political culture-Culture and politics in third world countries (5th topic) Theories of political economy-classical and contemporary (6th topic).
Similarly from topic no 8 almost all theorists (namely pareto, mosca, mitchels, C wright mills, weber) excluding two scholars gramsci & Hannah arendt have been deleted from the syllabus without any inclusion at all.
Also, from topic no 10 out of four Marxian theorists (in the old syllabus), excluding Karl Marx all three Marxian scholars namely Lenin, Mao and Rosa Luxemberg have been deleted without any inclusion.
Contemporary themes like feminism has been included (under 2nd topic & 8th topic) which is otherwise desirable for the aim of G S, essay as well as interview.
Apart from the theories of human rights (paper 1, section A topic no 4 of earlier syllabus), under new syllabus it is just a concept of human rights which is to be taken into consideration.
Further remarkably easier and simpler conception of justice under new syllabus is supposed to be studied with speciliased focus on John Rawls and communitarian critiques.
Meanwhile under paper I topic no 9 (i.e.. Indian political thought) few scholars have been included by replacing few less crucial scholars.
Now new syllabus forms five core discourses and they are stated below-
- Ancient Indian discourses-Dharmashastra and Arthashastra
- Dalit Discourse-BR Ambedkar and Buddhist tradition
- Islamic Discourse-Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
- Hindu Discourse-Sri Aurobindo Ghosh
- Gandhian Discourse-M K Gandhi
- Humanist Discourse-M N Roy
Prominent Trends in Paper II
Under paper II change of syllabus constitutes following core Prominent themes
Applied horizons of state (paper II, 2nd topic), Politicl componenties, pressure group and social movements (paper II, topic no 3 ofcourse) are supposed to be studied under new syllabus
operational dynamics of globalization (paper II, topic no 4, topic no 6 ofcourse) is another core highlight
Infact more current topical themes related to G S and essay paper have been initiated under new syllabus 7th topic
Also a fair amount of assessment of role of the UN in practice is desirable under new syllabus with due focus on the Need for UN-reforms (9th topic) At last a new topic under the broad headline of current developments in Indian foreign policy. India's position on the current crisis in Afghanistan, Iraq and West Asia, cultivating relations with US and Israel, view of a new world order (paper II 8th topic) has been included with is otherwise purely a component of current affairs (GS).
Political Science is a dynamic and ever-changing subject. Candidates aspiring to opt for it should be more aware of the shift in focus than the skeletal changes in the revised syllabus. Opting for Aristotle's Master science, the aspirant should master the techniques to make best use of these changes like a crafty politician. The advantages of picking political science as a favourite optional are manifold. It helps candidates in updating their knowledge of the current events and gives a fresh perspective on the burning domestic and foreign policy issues, regarding half of the general studies paper is vitally related to the two papers of political science for the main examination. Besides, that is the best subject to ensure a sound sleep meanwhile the interview days simply because you have readymade answer for virtually all the question being conducted by the board members.
The current years'trend also points out that the candidates with political science as an optional have better in various fields. The success rate is becoming higher and higher. The objective of this write-up is to make you aware regarding the subject in the context of revised syllabus.
A view of the changed syllabus points out towards the change at 2 levels:
- new inclusion
- shift in focus
Also, what looks to be an inclusion is really the enhanced and focused components of the existing topics. This means that students will have to prepare for the same old themes but in a changed context. This sounds appropriate as much water has flown down the Gangas as the earlier paper was set up. More so in the context of political science where changes start reflecting realities, both i.e.. Domestic and external planes. The centralised polity of India has at last given way to coalition politics and now it looks the coalition culture is here to stay in one way or the other. The rehearsing of International relations paper was highly imperative in the context of Collapse of Soviet Union, the end of cold war and the rise of a new world order constructed and designed by the United States-led Unipolar World.
The section B of the prelims has also registered a few inclusions enhancing both structural and spiritual shift. The ways to study of governments; classification of political systems; the constituent assembly, the componenty system in India, the interaction of government and the local-self governments; bureaucracy and development and the challenges to the Indian Democracy are core inclusions. The students should specifically focus on the themes like 73rd constitutional amendment, the political componenties and the bureaucracy. It is always suggested to tell regarding the clarity of the concepts and the command on knowledge both in vertical and horizontal horizons to qualify the prelims. More you have read, more facts will strike your memory while searching for the right answer by the examination process. Hence, a deserving and hard working student proves suitable in answering the objective type test questions than lack in organisation and poor in knowledge candidate.
One can see a lot of face lifting and reading, real changes are not gigantic and metamorphic. Topics that were being included as subtopics in the old syllabus have been given a separate and independent status in the revised course. Yet, a few substantial changes are the inclusions like Nationalism and Internationalism and the theories of international relations, primarily with respect of the international relations paper in the Mains. So far freshers choosing for political science used to get abruptly exposed to the strangers zone also known as international politics. Now, they avail some information regarding the world political scenario with the help of the new topics.
Short survey of the remarkable inclusions in the section (A) of the political science paper says that a couple of unexplored fields have been taken in. Meaning, nature and scope of political science and its connection with the other subjects; concepts of nationalism and internationalism, core theories of International Relations; Social movements; and the bureaucracy are the core themes which are being highlighted in the revised syllabus.