IAS Mains 2015 Geography Question Paper 1 [ IAS Updates ]


IAS Mains Paper 1 for Geography held in December 2015. These questions will provide candidates preparing for 2016 a format and idea as to how to prepare and succeed in UPSC Mains examination. Indeed, there is no shortcut to consistency and practice. Good writing skills will lead you a way in IAS Mains Geography optional. Link to help in preparation for good writing skills

Section A

Q1. Answer the following in about 150 words each:

  1. Attempt a classification of geomorphic process from zonal point of view.
  2. Discuss as to how frontogenesis contribute to weather instability.
  3. Describe the characteristics of different types of pelagic deposits. Refer answer at Ocean Deposits - Learning with 3 Classifications & Mnemonics - Youtube Examrace Channel
  4. Explain the characteristics of ecological succession
  5. Comment on the impact of environmental education on quality of life it

Q2: 20 + 15 + 15 marks

  1. Discuss the continuations of the American School of Denudation in geomorphology.
  2. What is Potential Evapotranspiration? Explain how it is used in assessing the water balance in an area
  3. Discuss the method of conserving biodiversity for sustainable development

Q3: 20 + 15 + 15 marks

  1. Discuss the basis of Koppen’s climatic classification. Bring out the silent characteristics of “Cs” type of climate
  2. Explain with example, as to how channel dynamic has been responsible for the development of alluvial fans and cones.
  3. Classify soils based on their zonal distribution and describe the characteristics of pedocals. - Refer answer at Soil Types and Methods of Formation - Youtube Examrace Channel

Q4: 20 + 15 + 15 marks

  1. Explain the different stages of ecological adaptation of man and bring out the changing balance between man and development.
  2. Present -day landforms bear more complexity than simplicity. Elucidate.
  3. Explain the meridional circulation of the atmosphere and its importance in world climate.


Q5: Answer the following in about 150 words each: 10×5 = 50

  1. “The welfare face of geography makes it an inter-disciplinary subject. Elaborate. Refer answer at Welfare Approach - Human Geography Perspective - Youtube Examrace Channel
  2. “Energy mix is a step towards sustainability. ” Discuss.
  3. Discuss Nelson’s method of functional classification of towns.
  4. “Marx’s view on population is more humanistic. ’ Comment. Refer answer at Humanistic Approach - Human Geography Perspective - Youtube Examrace Channel
  5. Development planning has a component of environmental cost. Discuss.

Q6.20 + 15 + 15 marks

  1. “Regional synthesis is the crux of geographical studies. ” Elaborate.
  2. Man-induced famines are becoming more common than nature-induced ones. ” Comment.
  3. Critically examine the theories on population migration. Refer answer at Theories of Migration - Youtube Examrace Channel

Q7.20 + 15 + 15 marks

  1. Discuss the relevance of Von Thunen’s model on agricultural on location in the contemporary context. Refer answer at Von Thunen Model - Youtube Examrace Channel
  2. “Cultural regions are the most suited units to study the diversity of area ” Comment. Refer answer at Culture and its Concepts - Youtube Examrace Channel
  3. Discuss the approaches to the study of behavioural geography. Refer answer at Behavioral Approach - Youtube Examrace Channel

Q8.20 + 15 + 15 marks

  1. “There is a rejuvenation of environmentalism as a paradigm in geographical studies Comment.
  2. “Geographical traits lead to regional imbalances” Examine.
  3. Vital statistics are necessary ingredients for development planning Elaborate.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 24, 2015