IAS Prelims 2014 Paper II Solutions - Part 2 of 4 [ IAS Updates ]
The complete solutions for Paper II CSAT 2014 Paper -Part 2 of 4 for video solutions. In this video we will discuss the first 20 questions. The questions are given below the video.
Solutions and explanations to IAS CSAT Paper II 2014 - Part 2 of 4
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21. A bell rings every 18 minutes. A second bell rings every 24 minutes. A third bell rings every 32 minutes. If all the three bells ring at the same time at 8 o’clock in the morning, at what other time will they all ring together?
(a) 12 : 40 hrs
(b ) 12 : 48 hrs
(c) 12 : 56 hrs
(d) 13 : 04 hrs
22. “Price is not the same thing as value. Suppose that on a day the price of everything viz., coal, bread, postage stamps, a day’s labour, the rent of houses, etc. were to double. Prices then would certainly rise, but values of all things except one would not.”
The writer wants to say that if prices of all things were doubled
(a) the values of all things would remain constant.
(b) the values of the things sold would be doubled.
(c) the values of the things bought would be halved.
(d) the value of money only would be halved.
23. A and B decide to travel from place X to place Y by bus. A has Rs. 10 with him and he finds that it is 80% of the bus fare for two persons. B finds that he has Rs. 3 with him and hands it over to A. In this context, which one of the following statements is correct?
(a) Now the money A has is just enough to buy two tickets.
(b) A still needs Rs. 2 for buying the tickets.
(c) After buying the two tickets A will be left with 50 paisa.
(d) The money A now has is still not sufficient to buy two tickets.
24. As per agreement with a bank, a businessman had to refund a loan in some equal instalments without interest. After paying 18 instalments he found that 60 percent of his loan was refunded. How many instalments were there in the agreement?
25. A worker reaches his factory 3 minutes late if his speed from his house to the factory is 5 km/hr. If he walks at a speed of 6 km/hr, then he reaches the factory 7 minutes early. The distance of the factory from his house is
(a) 3 km
(b) 4 km
(c) 5 km
(d) 6 km
26. “Liberty, therefore, is never real unless the Government can be called to account when it invades rights.” Which one of the following is the best justification of the above statement?
(a) In the realization that the government can be brought to book in a court of law
(b) In identifying a man as a political unit in a way which distinguishes him from other citizens
(c) In a decentralized society wherein the basic needs of men can find satisfaction
(d) In the understanding that liberty and restraints are complementary
Directions for the following 5 (five) items :
Read the following two passages and answer the items follow each passage. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.
Passage - 1
In recent times, India has grown fast not only compared to its own past but also in comparison with other nations. But there cannot be any room for complacency because it is possible for the Indian economy to develop even faster and also to spread the benefits of this growth more widely than has been done thus far. Before going into details of the kinds of micro-structural changes that we need to conceptualize and then proceed to implement, it is worthwhile elaborating on the idea of inclusive growth that constitutes the defining concept behind this Government’s various economic policies and decisions. A nation interested in inclusive growth views the same growth differently depending on whether the gains of the growth are heaped primarily on a small segment or shared widely by the population. The latter is cause for celebration but not the former. In other words, growth must not be treated as an end in itself but as an instrument for spreading prosperity to all. India’s own past experience and the experience of other nations suggests that growth is necessary for eradicating poverty but it is not a sufficient condition. In other words, policies for promoting growth need to be complemented with policies to ensure that more and more people join in the growth process and, further, that there are mechanisms in place to redistribute some of the gains to those who are unable to partake in the market process and, hence, get left behind.
A simple way of giving this idea of inclusive growth a sharper form is to measure a nation’s progress in terms of the progress of its poorest segment, for instance the bottom 20 per cent of the population. One could measure the per capita income of the bottom quintile of the population and also calculate the growth rate of income; and evaluate our economic success in terms of these measures that pertain to the poorest segment. This approach is attractive because it does not ignore growth like some of the older heterodox criteria did. It simply looks at the growth of income of the poorest sections of the population. It also ensures that those who are outside of the bottom quintile do not get ignored. If that were done, then those people would in all likelihood drop down into the bottom quintile and so would automatically become a direct target of our policies. Hence the criterion being suggested here is a statistical summing up of the idea of inclusive growth, which, in turn, leads to two corollaries: to wish that India must strive to achieve high growth and that we must work to ensure that the weakest segments benefit from the growth.
27. The author’s central focus is on
(a) applauding India’s economic growth not only against its own past performance, but against other nations.
(b) emphasizing the need for economic growth which is the sole determinant of a country’s prosperity.
(c) emphasizing inclusive growth where gains of growth are shared widely by the population.
(d) emphasizing high growth.
28. The author supports policies which will help
(a) develop economic growth.
(b) better distribution of incomes irrespective of rate of growth.
(c) develop economic growth and redistribute economic gains to those getting left behind.
(d) put an emphasis on the development of the poorest segments of society.
29. Consider the following statements:
According to the author, India’s economy has grown but there is no room for complacency as
growth eradicates poverty.
growth has resulted in prosperity for all.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
It is easy for the government to control State-owned companies through nods and winks. So what really needs to be done as a first step is to put petrol pricing on a transparent formula - if the price of crude is x and the exchange rate y, then every month or fortnight, the government announces a maximum price of petrol, which anybody can work out from the x and the y. The rule has to be worked out to make sure that the oil-marketing companies can, in general, cover their costs. This will mean that if one company can innovate and cut costs, it will make greater profits. Hence, firms will be more prone to innovate and be efficient under this system. Once the rule is announced, there should be no interference by the government. If this is done for a while, private companies will re-enter this market. And once a sufficient number of them are in the fray, we can remove the rule-based pricing and leave it truly to the market (subject to, of course, the usual regulations of anti-trust and other competition laws).
30. Consider the following statements:
According to the passage, an oil company can make greater profits, if a transparent formula for petrol pricing is announced every fortnight or month, by
1. promoting its sales.
2. undertaking innovation.
3. cutting costs.
4. selling its equity shares at higher prices.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 1, 2 and 4
31. Consider the following statements:
According to the passage, private oil companies re-enter the oil producing market if
1. a transparent rule-based petrol pricing exists.
2. there is no government interference in the oil producing market.
3. subsidies are given by the government.
4. regulations of anti-trust are removed.
Which of the statements given above are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 2 and 4
32. Five persons fire bullets at a target at an interval of 6, 7, 8, 9 and 12 seconds respectively. The number of times they would fire the bullets together at the target in an hour is
33. A group of 630 children is seated in rows for a group photo session. Each row contains three less children than the row in front of it. Which one of the following number of rows is not possible?
34. There are seven persons up on a ladder, A, B, C, D, E, F and G (not in that order). A is further up than E but is lower than C. B is in the middle. G is between A and B. E is between Band F. If F is between E and D, the person on the bottom step of the ladder will be
35. Consider that:
1. A is taller than B.
2. C is taller than A.
3. D is taller than C.
4. E is the tallest of all.
If they are made to sit in the above order of their height, who will occupy the mid position?
36. Consider the following statements:
There are six villages A, B, C, D, E and F.
F is 1 km to the west of D.
B is 1 km to the east of E.
A is 2 km to the north of E.
C is 1 km to the east of A.
D is 1 km to the south of A.
Which three villages are in a line?
(a) A, C, B
(b) A, D, E
(c) C, B, F
(d) E, B, D
37. Four children are sitting in a row. A is occupying the seat next to B but not next to C. If C is not sitting next to D, who is/are occupying seat/seats adjacent to D?
(c) B and A
(d) Impossible to tell
38. Assume that
1. the hour and minute hands of a clock move without jerking.
2. the clock shows a time between 8 o’clock and 9 o’clock.
3. the two hands of the clock are one above the other.
After how many minutes (nearest integer) will the two hands be again lying one above the other?
Directions for the following 6 (six items) :
The following six items are based on two passages in English to test the comprehension of English language and therefore these items do not have Hindi version. Read each passage and answer the items that follow.
Passage - 1
In front of us was walking a bare-headed old man in tattered clothes. He was driving his beasts. They were all laden with heavy loads of clay from the hills and looked tired. The man carried a long whip which perhaps he himself had made. As he walked down the road he stopped now and then to eat the wild berries that grew on bushes along the uneven road. When he threw away the seeds, the bold birds would fly to peck them. Sometimes the stray dogs watched the procession philosophically and then began to bark. When this happened, my two little sons would stand still holding my hands firmly. A dog can sometimes be dangerous indeed.
39. The author’s children held his hands firmly because
(a) they were scared of the barking dogs.
(b) they wanted him to pluck berries.
(c) they saw the whip in the old man’s hand.
(d) the road was uneven.
40. The expression “a stray dog watched the procession philosophically” means that
(a) the dog was restless and ferocious.
(b) the dog stood aloof, looking at the procession with seriousness.
(c) the dog looked at the procession with big, wondering eyes.
(d) the dog stood there with his eyes closed.
- Published on: August 27, 2014
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