IAS Prelims 2014 Paper II Solutions - Part 4 of 4 [ IAS Updates ]


The complete solutions for Paper II CSAT 2014 Paper -Part 4 of 4 for video solutions. In this video we will discuss the third set of 20 questions. The questions are given below the video.

YouTube: IAS CSAT 2014 Solutions for Paper 2 - Part 4 of 4

In this video we will understand the solutions for Paper 2 UPSC CSAT Paper 2 - Part 4 of 4

61. Given the statement “Buses are the cause of more accidents than cars, and trucks cause fewer accidents than buses”, which of the following conclusions can we draw?

(a) There are more buses on the road than trucks.

(b) Car drivers are more careful than Bus drivers.

(c) Truck drivers are more skilled than either car or bus drivers.

(d) None of the above

62. “If the political leadership fail to emerge, there is likelihood of military taking over power in developing countries. Radical student groups or labor may try to raise revolution but they are not likely to compete with the military. Military intervention, rule, and Withdrawal from politics is closely related to a society’s level of political development.”

In the context of political development, the assumption in the above passage is that

(a) political leadership is not an effective instrument.

(b) military fills in political vacuum.

(c) military intervention is inevitable for development.

(d) None of the above

63. Four persons, Alok, Bhupesh, Chander and Dinesh have a total of Rs. 100 among themselves. Alok and Bhupesh between them have as much money as Chander and Dinesh between them, but Alok has more money than Bhupesh; and Chander has only half the money that Dinesh has. Alok has in fact Rs. 5 more than Dinesh has. Who has the maximum amount of money?

(a) Alok

(b) Bhupesh

(c) Chander

(d) Dinesh

64. Examine the following statements:

1. George attends Music classes Monday.

2. He attends Mathematics classes Wednesday.

3. His Literature classes are not on Friday.

4. He attends History classes on the day following the day of his Mathematics classes.

5. On Tuesday, he attends his Sports classes.

If he attends just one subject in a day and his Sunday is free, then he is also free on

(a) Monday

(b) Thursday

(c) Saturday

(d) Friday

65. In a row ‘A’ is in the 11th position from the left and ‘B’ is in the 10th position from the right. If ‘A’ and ‘B’ interchange, then ‘A’ becomes 18th from the left. How many persons are there in the row other than ‘A’ and ‘B’?

(a) 27

(b) 26

(c) 25

(d) 24

66. Location of B is north of A and location of C is east of A. The distances AB and AC are 5 km and 12 km respectively. The shortest distance (in km) between the locations B and C is

(a) 60

(b) 13

(c) 17

(d) 7

67. Two cars start towards each other, from two places A and B which are at a distance of 160 km. They start at the same time 08:10 AM. If the speeds of the cars are 50 km and 30 km per hour respectively, they will meet each other at

(a) 10:10 AM

(b) 10:30 AM

(c) 11: 10 AM

(d) 11:20 AM

Directions for the following 6 (six) items:

Read the following two passages and answer the items that follow each passage. Your answers to these items should be based on the passages only.


Climate change poses potentially devastating effects on India’s agriculture. While the overall parameters of climate change are increasingly accepted a 1 degree Celsius average temperature increase over the next 30 years, sea level rise of less than 10 cm in the same period, and regional monsoon variations and corresponding droughts - the impacts in India are likely to be quite site and crop specific. Some crops may respond favorably to the changing conditions, others may not. This emphasizes the need to promote agricultural research and create maximum flexibility in the system to permit adaptations.

The key ingredient for “drought proofing” is the managed recharge of aquifers. To ensure continued yields of important staple crops (e.g. wheat), it may also be necessary to shift the locations where these crops are grown, in response to temperature changes as well as to water availability. The latter will be a key factor in making long term investment decisions. For example, water runoff from the Himalayas is predicted to increase over the next 30 years as glaciers melt, but then decline substantially thereafter. It will be critical to provide incentives to plan for these large-scale shifts in agro-ecological conditions.

India needs to make long term investment in research and development in agriculture. India is likely to experience changed weather patterns in future.

68. Consider the following statements:

Climate change may force the shifting of locations of the existing crops due to

1. melting of glaciers.

2. water availability and temperature suitability at other locations.

3. poor productivity of crops.

4. wider adaptability of crop plants.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 4 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

69. According to the passage, why is it important to promote agricultural research in India?

(a) To predict variations in monsoon patterns and to manage water resources

(b) To make long term investment decisions for economic growth

(c) To facilitate wider adaptability of crops

(d) To predict drought conditions and to recharge aquifers

Passage - 2

It is essential that we mitigate the emissions of greenhouse gases and thus avoid some of the worst impacts of climate change that would take place in coming years and decades. Mitigation would require a major shift in the way we produce and consume energy. A shift away from overwhelming dependence on fossil fuels is now long overdue, but unfortunately, technological development has been slow and inadequate largely because government policies have not promoted investments in research and development, myopically as a result of relatively low prices of oil. It is now, therefore, imperative for a country like India treating the opportunity of harnessing renewable energy on a large scale as a national imperative. This country is extremely well endowed with solar, wind and biomass sources of energy. Where we have lagged, unfortunately, is in our ability to develop and to create technological solutions for harnessing these resources.

One particular trajectory for carrying out stringent mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions assessed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) clearly shows the need for ensuring that global emissions of greenhouse gases peak no later than 2015 and reduce rapidly thereafter. The cost associated with such a trajectory is truly modest and would amount, in the estimation of IPCC, to not more than 3 percent of the global GDP in 2030. In other words, the level of prosperity that the world would have reached without mitigation would at worst be postponed by a few months or a year at the most. This is clearly not a very high price to pay for protecting hundreds of millions of people from the worst risks associated with climate change. Any such effort, however, would require lifestyles to change appropriately also. Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions is not a mere technological fix , and clearly requires changes in lifestyles and transformation of a country’s economic structure, whereby effective reduction in emissions is brought about, such as through the consumption of much lower quantities of animal protein. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has determined that the emissions from the livestock sector amount to 18 percent of the total. The reduction of emissions from this source is entirely in the hands of human beings, who have never questioned the impacts that their dietary habits of consuming more and more animal protein are bringing about. Mitigation overall has huge co-benefits, such as lower air pollution and health benefits, higher energy security and greater employment.

70. According to the passage, which of the following would help in the mitigation of greenhouse gases?

1. Reducing the consumption of meat

2. Rapid economic liberalization

3. Reducing the consumerism

4. Modern management practices of livestock

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 2, 3 and 4

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 2 and 4 only

71. Why do we continue to depend on the fossil fuels heavily?

1. Inadequate technological development

2. Inadequate funds for research and development

3. Inadequate availability of alternative sources of energy

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

72. According to the passage, how does the mitigation of greenhouse gases help us?

1. Reduces expenditure on public health

2. Reduces dependence on livestock

3. Reduces energy requirements

4. Reduces rate of global climate change

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 1, 3 and 4

(c) 2, 3 and 4

(d) 1 and 4 only

73. What is the essential message of the passage?

(a) We continue to depend on fossil fuels heavily

(b) Mitigation of the greenhouse gases is imperative

(c) We must invest in research and development

(d) People must change their lifestyle

74. There are 50 students admitted to a nursery class. Some students can speak only English and some can speak only Hindi. 10 students can speak both English and Hindi. If the number of students who can speak English is 21, then how many students can speak Hindi, how many can speak only Hindi and how many can speak only English?

(a) 21, 11 and 29 respectively

(b) 28, 18 and 22 respectively

(c) 37, 27 and 13 respectively

(d) 39, 29 and 11 respectively

75. A gardener increased the area of rectangular garden by increasing its length by 40% and decreasing its width by 20%. The area of the new garden

(a) has increased by 20%.

(b) has increased by 12%.

(c) has increased by 8%.

(d) is exactly the same as the old area.

76. Six books are labelled A, B, C, D, E and F and are placed side by side. Books B , C, E and F have green covers while others have yellow covers. Books A, B and D are new while the rest are old volumes. Books A, B and C are law reports while the rest are medical extracts. Which two books are old medical extracts and have green covers ?

(a) Band C

(b) E and F

(c) C and E

(d) C and F

77. A straight line segment is 36 cm long. Points are to be marked on the line from both the end points. From each end, the first point is at a distance of 1 cm from the end, the second point is at a distance of 2 cm from the first point and the third point is at a distance of 3 cm from the second point and so on. If the points on the ends are not counted and the common points are counted as one, what is the number of points?

(a) 10

(b) 12

(c) 14

(d) 16

78. If Sohan, while selling two goats, at the same price, makes a profit of 10% on one goat and suffers a loss of 10% on the other

(a) he makes no profit and no loss.

(b) he makes a profit of 1%.

(c) he suffers a loss of 1%.

(d) he suffers a loss of 2%.

79. Out of a total of 120 musicians in a club, 5% can play all the three instruments, guitar, violin and flute. It so happens that the number of musicians who can play any two and only two of the above instruments is 30. The number of musicians who can play the guitar alone is 40. What is the total number of those who can play violin alone or flute alone?

(a) 45

(b) 44

(c) 38

(d) 30

80. Six identical cards are placed on a table. Each card has number ‘ 1’ marked on one side and number ‘2’ marked on its other side. All the six cards are placed in such a manner that the number ‘1’ is on the upper side. In one try, exactly four (neither more nor less) cards are turned upside down. In how many least number of tries can the cards be turned upside down such that all the six cards show number ‘2’ on the upper side?

(a) 3

(b) 5

(c) 7

(d) This cannot be achieved

- Published/Last Modified on: August 29, 2014

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