UPSC CIVIL SERVICES MAINS EXAM 2017: General Studies Paper – 3 (Part - 2) (Download PDF)


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11. One of the intended objectives of Union Budget 2017 - 18 is to ‘transform, energize and clean India’. Analyze the measures proposed in the Budget 2017 - 18 to achieve the objective.

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IAS Mains 2017 GS Paper 3 Solutions Discussion (Part 2)

Dr. Manishika Jain explains IAS Mains 2017 GS Paper 3 Discussion (Part 2)

Refer - (Union budget 2017)

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Union Budget of India: Information & 2016 - 17 Highlights

Dr. Manishika Jain explains the concept, composition, objectives and highlights of 2016 - 17 union budget.

Refer -

  • Demonetization, GST
  • Ease of doing business – abolish FIPB
  • Merge 13 state oil firms to create energy
  • IRCTC, IRCON and IRFC – time bound listing of central public sector enterprise
  • Vocational training

12. “Industrial growth rate has lagged behind in the overall growth of Gross-Domestic-Product (GDP) in the post-reform period” Give reasons. How far the recent changes are Industrial Policy are capable of increasing the industrial growth rate?

  • Entry of foreign companies and MNCs
  • More focus on service sector
  • IT revolution
  • Services pushed to 57 % GDP while manufacturing to 25 % GDP
  • Requires lot of resource and capital which suffers from long gestation period
  • Post reform period, the public investment and the formal sector concentrated on the capital-intensive industries not on the MSME sector
  • Higher competition from foreign goods
  • Strict labor laws don’t allow informal sector to turn formal
  • Poor infrastructure, higher hidden costs (like PF, EPF)
  • Development of human development resource
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Make in India
  • Startup and Standup India
  • Gainful employment
  • Establish global linkages
  • Technology adaptation and innovation
  • Industrial competitiveness

13. What are the salient features of ‘inclusive growth’? Has India been experiencing such a growth process? Analyze and suggest measures for inclusive growth.

  • Vision of 11th five year plan
  • Social justice and empowerment
  • Environmental sustainability
  • Gender equity
  • Governance
  • Include poor, weaker sections and lagging sections
  • Address constraints of excluded and marginalized
  • Reduce poverty
  • Develop infrastructure
  • Non-discriminatory growth
  • Summary – economic, financial and cultural inclusion
Image of Annual Median Income of The Households

Image of Annual Median Income of The Households

Image of Annual Median Income of The Households

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Janani Suraksha Yojana, the National Rural Health Mission etc. contributed to this inclusive growth.

14. What are the major reasons for declining rice and wheat yield in the cropping system? How crop diversification is helpful to stabilize the yield of the crop in the system? (Answer in 250 words)

  • Uncertain monsoon
  • Decline In soil fertility
  • Uneconomic land holdings
  • Inefficient water usage
  • Stagnant research
  • Overuse of urea
  • Declining water table – due to monoculture of paddy in Punjab and Haryana
  • Impact of HYV seeds
  • Benefits of diversification
  • Increase soil fertility
  • Intercropping
  • Water requirements matched

15. How do subsidies affect the cropping pattern, crop diversity and economy of farmers? What is the significance of crop insurance, minimum support price and food processing for small and marginal farmers?

  • Due to subsidies, procure more seeds and fertilizers
  • Bring crop diversity
  • Focus on crop insurance
  • Minimum support price
  • Food processing
  • To promote the use of fertilizers by farmers, the central government provides a fertilizer subsidy to the producers of fertilizers. In 2017 - 18, Rs. 70,000 crore has been allocated for fertilizer subsidy, which is the second biggest expenditure on subsidy after food subsidy

16. Give an account of the growth and development of nuclear science and technology in India. What is the advantage of fast breeder reactor program in India?

  • Cheap fuel
  • Cleaner fuel
  • India GDP: $2.095 trillion/yr
  • India Energy Use: 0.800 trillion watts
  • Value of each watt: $2.62/year.
  • 50 % recoverable thorium lies in India
  • Thorium reserves were 11.93 million tons (monazite, having 9 - 10 % ThO2, with a significant majority (8.59 Mt; 72%) found in the three eastern coastal states of Andhra Pradesh (3.72 Mt; 31%), Tamil Nadu (2.46 Mt; 21%) and Odisha (2.41 Mt; 20%).
  • The efficiency of a reactor can be up to 80 % if waste heat is efficiently used to desalinate water provide process heat and produce chemicals including hydrogen from desalted sea water and when operated at high temperature.
  • India set up its first nuclear power station (410MW) in 1963 at Tarapore in Maharashtra. It was based on Boiling Water Reactors (BWRs) using enriched Uranium fuel supplied by the USA. This project started commercial operation in 1969.
  • Indigenously produced Mixed Uranium & Plutonium Oxide will be used as the fuel in the Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor at Kalpakkam.

17. ‘Climate Change’ is a global problem. How India will be affected by climate change? How Himalayan and coastal states of India will be affected by climate change?

Refer -

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Earth Summit & Conventions: 3 Aspects - Climate Change, Biodiversity & Sustainable Development

Dr. Manishika Jain explains the Earth Summit Key Aspects.


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Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming: 5 Key Aspects

Dr. Manishika Jain in this lectures explains the causes (natural and anthropogenic) and impacts of Greenhouse Effect & Global Warming.

  • Irregular rainfall
  • Waterlogging – vector borne diseases
  • Melting of glaciers
  • Sea level rise
  • Submergence of islands

18. On December 2004, tsunami brought havoc on 14 countries including India. Discuss the factors responsible for occurrence of Tsunami and its effects on life and economy. In the light of guidelines of NDMA (2010) describe the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events.

Factors responsible for Tsunami are:

Earthquake under oceans

Oceanic volcanic eruption

Under water nuclear tests

Affects economic, social activities and leads to health related problems

NDMA guidelines

  • Early warning system

  • Faster communication

  • Preparedness for NDRF

  • Preparedness for health and roads

  • Community preparations

  • Psychological support system

  • Avoid construction in lowlying areas

Rehabilitation issues to be addressed for future

19. Mob violence is emerging as a serious law and order problem in India. By giving suitable examples, analyze the causes and consequences of such violence.

Particular group of people take law in hand and punish the culprit without prosecution

  • No fear among people

  • Intolerance

  • Strong communal sentiments

  • Lack of awareness

  • Lack of law and order

  • Higher authorities encourage it for personal motives

Lynching of akhlaq and his family by a mob in UP in the name of preserving the beef in his premise.

Una, a village in Gujarat, where dalits were attacked by the mob because they were seen along with a cow dead body.

Leads to loss of life, property, insecurity, riots, division of society on communal lines

20. The scourge of terrorism is a grave challenge to national security. What solutions do you suggest to curb this growing menace? What are the major sources of terrorist funding?

  • Stop support militant groups

  • Dismantle the existing military bases

  • Support to tyrants must be stopped

  • Support independent economic development

  • Law enforcement

  • Combat financing terrorism (demonetization as a step)

Sources of terrorism funding

  • Black money

  • Donations

  • Illegal activities

  • Front companies – terrorist organizations operate legitimate business for profit

  • Charities – zakat (compulsory proportion of wealth to charity)

- Published/Last Modified on: September 27, 2018

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