Agricultural Science English Paper 2 2015 Questions and Answers Part 1

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Section A

Question 1

Various options are provided as possible answers to the following questions.

Choose the answer and write only the letter (A–D) next to the question number (1.1.1–1.1.10) in the ANSWER BOOK, for example 1.1.11 A.

1. The following schematic representation shows a/an … chain of products:

Distributers Retailers Buyers

A supply

B entrepreneur’s

C production

D planning

2. Price inelasticity of demand means:

1. If the price of bread increases by R2,00, and there is no other alternative, consumers will still buy the bread.

2. If the price of a slab of brown chocolate increases, consumers will buy white chocolate.

3. If the price of diesel increases by 50%, farmers will not buy vehicles using petrol immediately.

4. If the price of maize increases, consumers will continue to buy maize because it is their staple food.

Choose the Correct combination:

A (i), (ii) and (iii)

B (i), (iii) and (iv)

C (ii), (iii) and (iv)

D (i), (ii) and (iv)

3. The following are entrepreneurial success factors EXCEPT for …

A self-confidence.

B dynamics.

C creativeness.

D bureaucratic analysis.

4. A strategic planning tool that can help to evaluate a business is known as a ...

A business plan.

B strategic management plan.

C SWOT analysis.

D future plan.

5. Money paid into a farmer’s bank account and then withdrawn is known as the … of the farming business.

A budget

B cash flow

C assets

D overdraft

6. The economic characteristic of land which explains that an increase of a unit of production input will not result in a proportional increase in yield:

A Indestructibility

B Land is limited

C Land appreciation

D Law of diminishing returns

7. To be able to interact effectively with people and make your vision known to other stakeholders is a/an ... skill of a manager.

A Problem-solving

B financial management

C interpersonal and communication

D decision-making

8. The illustration below indicates … in gene mutation.

The illustration below indicates … in gene mutation

A

D

A

D

B

E

E

B

C

F

F

C

X

G

X

G

Y

H

Y

H

Z

I

Z

I

The illustration below indicates

The Illustration below Indicates

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A translocation

B deletion

C duplication

D inversion

9. A description that refers to atavism:

A Appearance of a red calf from the crossing of black male and female animals after generations of a black herd

B Appearance of a black-and-white calf after crossing black-and-white parents

C Appearance of a red calf after crossing homozygous red parents

D Appearance of a red calf after crossing spotted and white parents

10. Genetic modification uses the following techniques:

(i) Gene gun and the use of macrobacterium anthraxis

(ii) Electrophoresis and environmental conditions

(iii) Micro-injection and electroporation

(iv) Biolistic and agrobacterium tumefaciens

Choose the Correct combination:

A (i) and (ii)

B (i) and (iii)

C (ii) and (iv)

D (iii) and (iv) (10 x 2) (20)

11. Choose a term/phrase from Column B that matches a description in Column A. Write only the letter (A–H) next to the question number (1.2.1–1.2.5) in the Answer Book, for example 1.2.6 I.

Choose a term/phrase from Column B that matches a description in Column A

Column A

Column B

Uniformity of a group of products

evaluation

Guarantee for a loan

a problem-solving skill

Analysis and refinement of the plan

allele

One gene controlling another gene

collateral

Alternative form of the same pair of genes

standardization

grading

epistasis

heritability

Give One word/term/phrase for each of the following descriptions. Write only the word/term/phrase next to the question number (1.3.1–1.3.5) in the Answer Book.

  • People who have the ability to recognize a unique business opportunity and who are willing to take the risk of starting their own businesses

  • An indicator of the amount of work that is done relative to the amount of money that is spent on wages and salaries

  • A strategy whereby the farmer can spread the risk by investing in several enterprises

  • The crossing whereby two hereditary factors on two different chromosomes are involved in cross-breeding

  • The alteration of the DNA resulting in a change in the sequence of the genes (5 x 2) (10)

Change the Underlined Word(S) in each of the following statements to make them True. Write only the answer next to the question number (1.4.1–1.4.5) in the Answer Book.

  • The method used to divide the market for agricultural products into smaller groups of buyers is called market consolidation.

  • All business activities involving the flow of goods and services from the point of production until they reach the consumer is known as supply.

  • Seasonal fluctuation is a problem relating to the marketing of agricultural produce as it is exposed to spoilage and rotting.

  • Valuation is when the value of an asset declines with time.

  • Atavism is the ability of parents to transmit genetic characteristics to their offspring. (5 x 1) (5)

Total Section A: 45

Section B

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Question 2: Agricultural Management and Marketing

The pictures below illustrate marketing outlets for agricultural produce.

Agriculture and Marketing

Agriculture and Marketing

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1. Identify the marketing outlets in A and B above.

2. Write down the letter (A or B) of the marketing outlet to which each of the following statements refer:

(a) Products are sold at a lower price and buyers do not compete for a price

(b) Small-scale farmers have easy access to it

(c) Price can be higher than expected as buyers compete for the price

(d) Marketing costs are reduced as no commission is paid

3. Name the marketing system illustrated in picture A and picture B.

Give One reason from pictures A and B to support your answer.