Agricultural Science English Paper 2 2015 Questions and Answers Part 2

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A farmer realized that there were many unemployed youth in the surrounding communities as well as a good supply of peaches and an adequate infrastructure to support a processing plant. The farmer organized the youth and got a R300 000 grant to establish a jam-processing factory. When they started, they produced 100 bottles of jam daily and now they produce 1 500 bottles per day. They have secured contracts with local wholesalers.

  • Deduce Two entrepreneurial skills displayed by the farmer.

  • Justify the answer to Question by referring to the data in the scenario.

  • State Two possible advantages of securing contracts with local wholesalers.

Indicate the source of each of the following as identified by the farmer in the scenario above:

  • Raw materials

  • Labour

  • Buildings

Give the statement in the scenario that indicates that the enterprise was a success.

The table below shows the supply and demand of apples at different prices.

The table below shows the supply and demand of apples at different prices

Price/2 kg (Rand)

Supply Per Week

Demand Per Week

20

1 000

500

18

950

580

16

800

620

14

750

750

12

500

800

10

400

900

8

300

1 000

  • Use the information in the table above and draw a line graph of both the supply and demand on the same pair of axes.

  • Determine the equilibrium price for apples from the table above.

  • Deduce what will happen to the availability and price of apples at the price of R18,00 if the demand doubles and the supply increases by 20% only. Show ALL calculations to support your conclusion.

A group of sheep farmers in your area wanted to increase their profit and have a sustainable market. They identified the following possible markets for their produce:

  • Small butcheries

  • Large supermarket chains

  • Local people who buy directly from the farm

  • Auctions

Indicate the most sustainable market for mutton in the list above.

  • Give Two reasons to support your answer to Question.

  • Identify a market in the list above that has the highest security risk for a mutton producer.

  • Justify your answer to Question.

Question 3

Production Factors

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You are the manager on a sheep stud farm with 300 merino ewes and 15 rams. You are responsible for managing labour properly in order to increase productivity. The table below indicates tasks performed on the farm and the time in which each task is expected to be completed.

Production Factors

Tasks Performed

Duration Of The Task

1.

Inspecting watering points

Once per week

2.

Feeding of stud rams

Twice daily, 1 hour per feed

3.

Dosing of sheep

On-going, as needed

4.

Counting of sheep and keeping of records

Counting each camp once per month

5.

Shearing of sheep

Seven days per year

6.

Upgrading of dams and watering troughs

Ten days per year

Identify Two tasks in the table above that need to be performed by each of the following laborer’s:

  • Permanent labourer

  • Temporary labourer

Name One task in the table above that needs computer skills.

Identify the most non-repetitive task to be performed by the laborer’s.

When a farmer employs a new worker, a contract must be drawn up. The terms and conditions of the contract must comply with labour legislation.

Some of the items to be included in the contract are:

  • Working hours

  • Compensation for injury whilst on duty

  • Wages/Salaries

  • Conditions for termination of service

  • Affiliation to trade unions and right to strike

  • Supply of protective clothing

  • Contributions to the Unemployment Insurance Fund (UIF)

Choose One statement from the list above which is addressed by the following:

  • Occupational Health and Safety Act, 1993 (Act 85 of 1993)

  • Basic Conditions of Employment Act, 1997 (Act 75 of 1997)

  • Labour Relations Act, 1995 (Act 66 of 1995)

State Two benefits of the Unemployment Insurance Fund for farm workers.

An increase in the human population in recent times has led to the use of good agricultural soil for non-agricultural purposes as indicated in the diagram below.

An increase in the human population

An Increase in the Human Population

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1. Identify the economic characteristic of land indicated in the diagram above. Give a reason for your answer.

2. Suggest Two ways in which the economic characteristic above impacts on the productivity of the land.

3. State Two ways in which the productivity of land can be improved.