Figures of Speech: Simile, Metaphor, Personification and Apostrophe

Dr. Manishika Jain- Join online Paper 1 intensive course. Includes tests and expected questions.

Simile

  • Comparing two different things with at least one common point
  • Like, So, As

Example:

  • Life is like a dream
  • She looked lonely as a cloud

Metaphor

  • Implied simile
  • Comparing without like, so and as

Example:

  • He is now in the evening of life
  • Balaji was the lion of Punjab

Personification

Lifeless objects as living

Example:

  • Death lays his icy hands on the princess
  • Love is blind

Apostrophe

Imaginary person, abstract quality, or idea

Example:

  • O World! O life! O Time!
  • O Julius Caesar, thou art mighty yet

Oxymoron

Two opposite ideas are brought together

Example:

Ramesh was the wisest fool

Onomatopoeia

Sounds suggest the sense

Example:

  • I chatter- chatter as I flow
  • Guns thundered

Identify the Figure of Speech

1. Guns thundered

A. Simile

B. Onomatopoeia

C. Alliteration

D. Metaphor

Answer: B. Onomatopoeia

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