Details on Pal School, Apabransha School, & Mughal Paintings for ICMR NET

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Pal School

Pal School
  • Lonely human figures found
  • Mainly manuscript paintings
  • Initially done on palm leaf, later on paper
  • Theme Buddhist and Hinduism
  • Nature representation banana and coconut tree

Apabransha School

Apabransha School
  • Mewar and Gujarat region
  • Theme Jain and Vaishnav
  • Characteristics
  • Bulgin eyes
  • Pointed nose
  • Double chin
  • Use of bright and gold colours
  • Figures are stiff
  • Animals and birds are represented as toys
Medieval Paintings

Mughal Paintings

Mughal Painting
  • Indian, Persian and European influence
  • Mostly or generally miniature paintings
  • Use of brilliant colours
  • Accuracy in line drawing
  • Ornamentation
  • Variety of themes
  • Use of forsightening technique

Babur

  • No time for painting
  • Patronized a Persian painter Bihzad

Humayun

  • He brought 2 Persian painters
  • Abdus sammad
  • Mir sayyed Ali
  • So Persian influence is there

Akbar

Akbar

Jahangir

Jahangir
Birds and Animals
  • Mughal period reached at its climax
  • Jahangir was naturalist-preferred paintings on the theme of birds, animals and other elements of nature like flowers
  • Portrait painting started
  • Decorated margins
  • He had his workshop too
  • Famous painter Ustad Mansoor
  • Famous paintings zebra, Turkey, maulaana do pyaaza

Shahjahan

Shahjahan
  • Too much use of gold, silver and bright colours
  • Reduced liveliness
  • Artificial look
  • This unnatural look suggests European influence
  • Pencil drawing/sketching started

Aurangzeb

  • Discouraged paintings
  • Dispersal of artists from Mughal court
  • Hence the concept of regional school started

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