The Concept of Atman Vedic and Upanishadic World View Philosophy

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The Concept of Atman

  • It is the CLOSEST to Absolute
  • It is both, real and unreal in nature.
  • It is both, existent and non-existent.
  • It is both true and false.
  • According to Indian scriptures, the self is immortal, it always remains the same.
  • So, the atman is immortal, self-luminous, self-proved and beyond all doubts and denials.
  • It is not a product of matter.
  • Hence, it is the subject of knowledge.

The Different Stages of Atman

The Different Stages of Atman

Scriptures of Atman

  • Katha Upanishad, defines atman as the highest reality.
  • According to the text;

Senses are higher than the Objects

Mind is higher than the senses

Intellect is higher than the Mind

The subtle reason (mahat) is higher than the intellect

Un-manifested (Avyakta) is higher than the subtle reason

The Purusha or the atman is higher than the un-manifested

MCQs

1. According to ________ text, the purusha is the highest reality

A. Kena Upanishad

B. Katha Upanishad

C. Advaita Vedanta

D. None of these

Answer: B

Explanation: The Purusha or the atman is higher than the un-manifested

2. Choose the incorrect statement in reference to the nature of Atman

A. It is beyond denial and change

B. It is immortal in nature

C. It is the highest reality

D. It is a product of matter but higher than mind, body, senses, etc.

Answer: D

Explanation: Atman or self is not a product of matter.

3. Choose the correct statement

A. Turiya is the second state.

B. Prajna is the state of pure consciousness

C. At sapna state, there is no subject-object duality

D. Avidya exists at Sushupti state

Code:

A. All of them

B. All but D

C. All but A

D. None of them

Answer: D

Explanation:

A. Turiya is the FINAL state of atman

B. Prajna is not the state of pure consciousness, turiya is.

C. At sapna state, there is subject-object duality

D. No Avidya exists at Sushupti state

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