ICSE Class 10 Geography Overview of Industries YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Why Need for Industrialization

  • Raise income
  • Employment
  • Overcome trade gap
  • Cater to demand
  • Socio-cultural environment
  • Security and self-reliance
  • High income demand
  • Technological progress

Effects of Industrialization

  • Air pollution
  • Poor sanitation
  • Overcrowding
  • Disease
  • Poor working conditions

Drawbacks of Industrialization

  • Wealth with few
  • Unrest in society
  • Strike lockouts
  • Regional disparities

Factors Affecting Industrial Location

  • Raw material
  • Power
  • Labor
  • Means of transport
  • Market
  • Climate
  • Capital
  • Govt policies
  • Early start

Classification of Industries

  • Based on Raw Material
  • Based on Ownership
  • Based on Sources of Raw Material
  • Based on capital and labor
  • Miscellaneous
    • Based on Raw Material – heavy and light
    • Based on Ownership – private, public, joint, and cooperative
    • Based on Sources of Raw Material – agrobased, mineral based, pastoral, forest based
    • Based on capital and labor – large scale, small scale
    • Miscellaneous- village, cottage, consumer, ancillary, basic, capital intensive and labor intensive