ICSE Class 10 Geography Overview of Industries YouTube Lecture Handouts

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ICSE Class 10 Geography: Industries

Why Need for Industrialization

  • Raise income

  • Employment

  • Overcome trade gap

  • Cater to demand

  • Socio-cultural environment

  • Security and self-reliance

  • High income demand

  • Technological progress

Effects of Industrialization

  • Air pollution

  • Poor sanitation

  • Overcrowding

  • Disease

  • Poor working conditions

Drawbacks of Industrialization

  • Wealth with few

  • Unrest in society

  • Strike lockouts

  • Regional disparities

Factors Affecting Industrial Location

  • Raw material

  • Power

  • Labor

  • Means of transport

  • Market

  • Climate

  • Capital

  • Govt policies

  • Early start

Classification of Industries

  • Based on Raw Material

  • Based on Ownership

  • Based on Sources of Raw Material

  • Based on capital and labor

  • Miscellaneous

    • Based on Raw Material – heavy and light

    • Based on Ownership – private, public, joint and cooperative

    • Based on Sources of Raw Material – agrobased, mineral based, pastoral, forest based

    • Based on capital and labor – large scale, small scale

    • Miscellaneous- village, cottage, consumer, ancillary, basic, capital intensive and labor intensive