ICSE Class 10 Political Science Union Legislature Long Answer Question Part 1

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The Parliament act as the supreme power of democracy. With reference to Union Legislature answer the following: [10 MARKS]

Q1. How are the member of the Rajya Sabha elected?

A1. The representation of each State in the Rajya Sabha are elected by the elected member or State legislative assembly in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of a ‘single transferable vote’.

Q2. Why it is called as Permanent House?

A2. Rajya Sabha is called permanent house because if the Lok Sabha is dissolved before its term or after the declaration of National Emergency the Rajya Sabha becomes the sole de facto and de jure Parliament and takes over the important function of Parliament. So, this is the reason why this house cannot be dissolved.

Q3. State any 2 Financial and 2 Legislative power of Indian Parliament.

A3. The 2 legislative and 2 financial power of Indian Parliament are:

Legislative Power:

1. The primary function of Parliament is to make laws for governance of country.

2. With respect to Concurrent subject the Parliament has overriding power i.e. the law of Parliament. prevails over the law of the state legislature in case of conflict between two.

Financial Power:

1. No tax can be levied, and no expenditure can be incurred by the executive except under the authority and approval of Parliament.

2. The Parliament also scrutinize government spending and financial performance with the help of financial committee.

With reference to the Union Parliament of India answer the following question: [10 marks]

Q4. How many members may be nominated to the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha? Give one reason as to why people are nominated to these houses?

Ans: The President of India can nominate 2 members in Lok Sabha from Anglo-Indian Community if he feels that this community has not been adequately represented in the house, and 12 members of Rajya Sabha of those having special knowledge and practical experience in field of literature, Art, science or social service.

Q5. Mention any 3-qualification required to become member of Lok Sabha? (write any 3)

Ans: The 3-qualification required are:

1. He must be citizen of India

2. He must make oath and subscribe before a person authorised by election commission.

3. He / She should not be less than 25 years of age.

4. He / She possesses other such qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by the Parliament.

5. He / She should not be proclaimed criminal i.e. they should not be a convict, a confirmed debtor or otherwise disqualified by law.

6. He / She should have his/her name in the electoral rolls in any part of the country

Q6. What is meant by the term ‘session’? Name the 3 sessions of Indian Parliament.

Ans: The session means a period during which house meets to conduct its business. The session of each house of Parliament are summoned by the President.

The session of the Union Parliament is:

(A) Budget Session

(B) Monsoon Session

(C) Winter Session

Indian Parliament has the wide range of power. in this context please answer the following question:

Q7. Explain 3 ways in which the legislature exercise control over executive?

Ans: the 3 ways in which legislature exercise control over executive is:

1. Parliament exercise control over the Executive through Question hour, zero hour, half-an-hour discussion, short duration discussion, calling attention motion, adjournment motion, no-confidence motion, censure motion etc.

2. Parliament also supervise the activities of executive with the help of its various committee.

3. The minister are collectively responsible to Parliament in general and to the Lok Sabha in particular.

Q8. Mention any 3 special powers of Rajya Sabha that is exclusively given to it.

Ans: The 3-special power of Rajya Sabha are:

1. It can authorised the Parliament to make a law on a subject enumerated in the State List (Article 249).

2.It can authorised the Parliament to create new All-India Service common to both the center and states (Article 312)

3. If the Lok Sabha is dissolved before or after the declaration of national emergency, the Rajya Sabha became the sole de facto and de jure of the parliament, i.e., it takes over the function of parliament. It cannot be dissolved.