ICSE Class 10 Political Science Union Legislature Long Answer Question Part 2

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Q9. Mention any two judicial and two electoral power of the Parliament of India.

Ans: The two judicial power of Indian parliament are: (write any 2)

1. It can impeach the President for the violation of constitution.

2. It can remove the Vice President from its office.

3. It can recommend the removal of Judges (including Chief Justice of Supreme Court and High Court, Chief Election Commissioner, Comptroller and Auditor General to the President.

4. It can punish its members or outsiders for the breach of its privileges or its contempt.

The two electoral power of Indian Parliament are: (write any 2)

1. The Parliament participate in the election of President and Vice President.

2. The Lok Sabha elects its speaker and Deputy Speaker.

3. Rajya Sabha elects its Deputy Chairman

With respect to Union Legislature, answer the following question: [10 marks]

Q 10. How is the Speaker of the Lok Sabha elected? Write about 2 disciplinary function that speaker can take?

Ans: The speaker of the Lok Sabha is elected from among its own members soon after the new Lok Sabha is constituted after the general election.

The two disciplinary function of the speaker are:

1. The speaker has a duty to maintain rule and order in the house. When members become unruly, he/she may ask then to withdraw. He/she may also suspend the member if any members disagree with the chair of the house.

2. The speaker also decide on the question of breach of privilege or if someone has done contempt of house.

Q11. Mention any 3 function of the Speaker. (write any 3)

Ans: Some of the important function of Speaker are:

1. To preside over the meetings of the House

2. To maintain discipline in the Lok Sabha

3. To fix the Agenda of the House

4. Permission to ask questions: Each member of the House can put questions to the ministers; the permission of the Speaker is required purpose.

5. To conduct the business of the House:

6. Interpretation of Rules of Procedure

7. Power to adjourn the House:

8. Decision about a Money Bill: If a dispute arises over the question as to whether a bill is a Money Bill or not, the decision is made by the Speaker. Such a decision is final and cannot be challenged inside or outside the House.

9. To exercise a Casting Vote:

10. Protection of the Privileges of the Members of the House:

11. Role regarding the Committees of the House, the speaker constitutes various committee of the Lok Sabha and for come committee he/she himself chair it.

Q12. Give reason as to why Lok Sabha is considered to be more powerful than the Rajya Sabha.

Ans: The reason for Lok Sabha is considered more powerful house is:

1. A money bill can only be introduced in Lok Sabha.

2. The final power to decide whether a particular bill is a Money Bill or not is vested in the Speaker of Lok Sabha.

3. The Speaker of Lok Sabha preside over the joint sitting of both the houses.

4. A resolution for the discontinuance of National Emergency can be passed only by Lok Sabha.

5. Rajya Sabha cannot remove the council of minister by passing the non-confidence motion.

Rajya Sabha is called as the Upper House of the Parliament and also represent the interest of states. In this context please explain the following [10 marks]

Q13. What is the composition of Rajya Sabha?

Ans. The maximum strength of Rajya Sabha is fixed at 250 out of which , 238 will be representative of state and Union Territories (elected indirectly) and 12 are nominated by President.

250 = 238 (State and UT) + 12 (Appointed by President)

Q14. What is the qualification required to be member of Rajya Sabha? (any 3 or 4 points based on question marks)

Ans: 1. Be a citizen of India.

2. Make and subscribe before some person authorized in that behalf by the Election Commission an oath or affirmation according to the form set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule to the Constitution.

3. Be at least 30 years old. (article 84 constitution of India)

4. Be elected by the Legislative Assembly of States and Union territories by means of single transferable vote through proportional representation.

5. Not be a proclaimed criminal.

6. Not be a subject of insolvent, i.e.. he/she should not be in debt that he/she is not capable of repaying in a current manner and should have the ability to meet his/her financial expenses.

7. Not hold any other office of profit under the Government of India.

8. Not be of unsound mind.

9. Possess such other qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by Parliament.