ICSE Class 10 Political Science Union Legislature Long Answer Question Part 3

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Q15. What is the term of the House and also explain its 2 exclusive legislative powers?

Ans: The Rajya Sabha is the continuing chamber, that is it is not subject to dissolution and is a permanent body. However, 1/3 of its member retire every 2 year.

Important: The term of the members of Rajya Sabha is 6 years.

The 2 exclusive legislative power of Rajya Sabha are:

1. It can authorised the Parliament to make a law on a subject enumerated in the State List (Article 249) .

2. It can authorised the Parliament to create new All-India Service common to both the center and states (Article 312)

With reference to the Parliament of India answer the following question: [10 marks]

Q16. Explain how the members of Rajya Sabha are elected.

Ans: There are 3 places from where members can be elected to Rajya Sabha:

1. Representative of State: They are elected by elected member of State Legislative Assembly using system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. The seats are allocated to the state in Rajya Sabha on the basis of population.

2. Representative of Union Territory: The representative of Union territory in the Rajya Sabha are indirectly elected by members of electoral college specially constituted for that purposes. The election is also held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.

3. Nominated Member: The President nominate 12 members to Rajya Sabha from people who have special knowledge or practical experience in art, literature, science, social service. The main reason behind this principle is to provide eminent person a place in Rajya Sabha without going through the process of election.

Q17. What are the 3 types of Question asked in Question hour during parliamentary session?

Ans: The first hour of every parliamentary sitting is called Question hour. During this time, the members ask questions and ministers usually give answers. The question is of 3 kind:

1. A starred Question: (distinguished by asterisk ⚹) requires an oral answer and hence supplementary question can follow.

2. An unstarred Question: it requires a written answer and hence supplementary question cannot follow.

3. A short Notice Question: is one that is asked by giving a notice of less than 10 days. It is answered orally.

Q18. State 4 circumstances under which Parliament can make law on State Subject. (any 4)

Ans: The Constitution also empower the Parliament to make laws on State List under following 5 abnormal condition:

1. When Rajya Sabha passes resolution.

2. When proclamation of National Emergency is in operation.

3. When 2 or more state make a joint request to the Parliament.

4. When necessary to give effect to international agreement.

5. When President rule in in operation in state.

Q19. What are the 3 ways of amending the Constitution?

Ans: There are 3 ways to do amendment of Constitution as provided in Article 368 are:

1. Simple Majority (means majority of the member of each house present and voting) E. g. : Admission or establishment of new state, Quorum in Parliament etc.

2. Special Majority (that is the majority of more than 50 % of total membership of house and a majority of 2/3 of the member of each house present and voting.

E. g. : Amendment to Fundamental Rights and Directive Principle of State Policy etc.

3. Special Majority and Consent of State (that is the majority of more than 50 % of total membership of house and a majority of 2/3 of the member of each house present and voting and with the consent of half of the state legislature by simple majority

E. g. : Amendment to Election of President of India, Supreme Court High Court etc.

Q20. Write any 2 financial and executive power of Parliament of India.

Ans: The 2 financial power of Parliament are:

1. No tax can be levied, and no expenditure can be incurred by the executive except under the authority and approval of Parliament.

2. The Parliament also scrutinize government spending and financial performance with the help of financial committee.

The 2-executive power of Parliament are:

1. Parliament exercise control over the Executive through Question hour, zero hour, half-an-hour discussion, short duration discussion, calling attention motion, adjournment motion, no-confidence motion, censure motion etc.

2. Parliament also supervise the activities of executive with the help of its various committee.

3. The minister are collectively responsible to Parliament in general and to the Lok Sabha in particular.