ICSE Class 10 Political Science Union Legislature Short Summary on the Union Legislature Part 2

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Lok Sabha

Summary of Lok Sabha

Term

5 year

Note: However, while a proclamation of emergency is in operation, this period may be extended by Parliament by law for a period not exceeding one year at a time, and not extending in any case, beyond a period of six months after the proclamation has ceased to operate.

Composition

The maximum strength of the House envisaged by the Constitution is 552, which is made up by election of up to 530 members to represent the States, up to 20 members to represent the Union Territories and not more than two members of the Anglo-Indian Community to be nominated by the Hon’ble President, if, in his/her opinion, that community is not adequately represented in the House.

Qualification for Membership

1. He must be citizen of India

2. He must make oath and subscribe before a person authorised by election commission.

3. He / She should not be less than 25 years of age.

4. He / She possesses other such qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by the Parliament

5. He / She should not be proclaimed criminal i.e. they should not be a convict, a confirmed debtor or otherwise disqualified by law.

6. He / She should have his/her name in the electoral rolls in any part of the country.

Exclusive Power of Lok Sabha

1. A money bill can only be introduced in Lok Sabha.

2. The final power to decide whether a particular bill is a Money Bill or not is vested in the Speaker of Lok Sabha.

3. The Speaker of Lok Sabha preside over the joint sitting of both the houses.

4. A resolution for the discontinuance of National Emergency can be passed only by Lok Sabha.

5. Rajya Sabha cannot remove the council of minister by passing the non-confidence motion

Parliament Procedures

Parliament Procedures

Session of Lok Sabha

There are usually 3 session of Parliament in a year:

1. The Budget Session (February to May)

2. The Monsoon Session (July to September)

3. The Winter Session (November to December)

Quorum

It is the minimum number of members required to be present in the house before it can transact any business. It is 1/10th of the total number of members in each house including the presiding officer.

Question Hour

The first hour of every parliamentary sitting is called Question hour. During this time, the members ask questions and ministers usually give answers. The question is of 3 kind:

1. A starred Question: (distinguished by asterisk) requires an oral answer and hence supplementary question can follow.

2. An unstarred Question: it requires a written answer and hence supplementary question cannot follow.

3. A short Notice Question: is one that is asked by giving a notice of less than 10 days. It is answered orally.

Adjournment Motion

It is introduced in the Parliament to draw attention of house to a definite matter of urgent public importance and need support of 50 members to be admitted. As it interrupts the normal business of house, it is regarded as the extraordinary device. The discussion on adjournment motion should last for not less than 2 hour 30 minutes.

Non-Confidence Motion

Article 75 of the Constitution says that the council of Minister shall be collectively responsible to the Lok Sabha. It means that the ministry stays in office so long as it enjoys the confidence of majority of members of the Lok Sabha. In other word the Lok Sabha can remove the ministry from office by passing a non-confidence motion. The motion need support of 50 members to be admitted.