ICSE Class 10 Political Science Union Legislature Short Summary on the Union Legislature Part 3

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Types of Speaker
Election of SpeakerThe Speaker is elected by the Lok Sabha from amongst its members (as soon as may be, after its first sitting) .

Note: Whenever the office of the Speaker falls vacant, the Lok Sabha elects another member to fill the vacancy. The date of election of Speaker is fixed by President

Function of Speaker1. To preside over the meetings of the House

2. To maintain discipline in the Lok Sabha

3. To fix the Agenda of the House

4. Permission to ask questions:

5. Each member of the House can put questions to the ministers; the permission of the Speaker is required purpose.

6. To conduct the business of the House:

7. Interpretation of Rules of Procedure

8. Power to adjourn the House:

9. Decision about a Money Bill:

10. If a dispute arises over the question as to whether a bill is a Money Bill or not, the decision is made by the Speaker. Such a decision is final and cannot be challenged inside or outside the House.

11. To exercise a Casting Vote:

12. Protection of the Privileges of the Members of the House:

13. Role regarding the Committees of the House:

14. A major part of the business of the House is conducted by the committees of the House. The Speaker plays an important role in the composition of the Committees. He is the ex-officio Chairman of some of the important committees such as Business Advisory Committee, Committee on Rules and few others.

Rajya Sabha

Summary of Rajya Sabha
TERMThe Rajya Sabha is the continuing chamber, that is it is not subject to dissolution and is a permanent body. However, 1/3 of its member retire every 2 year.

Important: The term of the member of Rajya Sabha is 6 years.

CompositionThe maximum strength of Rajya Sabha is fixed at 250 out of which, 238 will be representative of state and Union Territories (elected indirectly) and 12 are nominated by President.

250 = 238 (State and UT) + 12 (Appointed by President)

Qualification for Membership1. Be a citizen of India.

2. Make and subscribe before some person authorized in that behalf by the Election Commission an oath or affirmation according to the form set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule to the Constitution.

3. Be at least 30 years old. (article 84 constitution of India)

4. Be elected by the Legislative Assembly of States and Union territories by means of single transferable vote through proportional representation.

5. Not be a proclaimed criminal.

6. Not be a subject of insolvent, i.e.. . he/she should not be in debt that he/she is not capable of repaying in a current manner and should have the ability to meet his/her financial expenses.

7. Not hold any other office of profit under the Government of India.

8. Not be of unsound mind.

9. Possess such other qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by Parliament

Election of Member1. Representative of State: They are elected by elected member of State Legislative Assembly using system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. The seats are allocated to the state in Rajya Sabha on the basis of population.

2. Representative of Union Territory: The representative of Union territory in the Rajya Sabha are indirectly elected by members of electoral college specially constituted for that purposes. The election is also held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.

3. Nominated Member: The President nominate 12 members to Rajya Sabha from people who have special knowledge or practical experience in art, literature, science, social service. The main reason behind this principle is to provide eminent person a place in Rajya Sabha without going through the process of election.

Presiding OfficerThe presiding officer of the Rajya Sabha is known as Chairman. The Vice President of India is ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha.

Note: During any period when the Vice President acts as President or discharge the function of President, he does not perform the duties of the office of the Chairman of Rajya Sabha.

Removal: He can be only removed from his office if he is removed from the office of Vice President.

Exclusive Power of Rajya Sabha1. It can authorised the Parliament to make a law on a subject enumerated in the State List (Article 249) .

2. It can authorised the Parliament to create new All-India Service common to both the center and states (Article 312)