National Commission for Schedule Castes: Political Science YouTube Lecture Handouts

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It is a Constitutional body established under Article 338 and not a statutory body as it is not established by an Act of Parliament like National Commission for women, National Commission for Minorities, etc.

Evolution of the Commission

  • Earlier Article 338 provides for appointment of Special Officer for Schedule Castes and Schedule Tribes Rights.
  • In 1978 a Non-Statutory Commission for SC՚s and STs was established.
  • In 1987 it was Renamed and modified as National Commission for SC՚s and STs
  • In 1990 by 65th constitutional amendment Act a multi-member commission was established
  • In 2003 the Commission Bifurcated into two
  • 1. National Commission for Schedule Castes (Article 338)
  • 2. National Commission for Schedule Tribes (Article 338-A)
  • Chairman and member of the Commission are appointed by the President

Functions of the Commission

  • To investigate and monitors safeguards for Schedule Castes
  • To inquire into complaints by Schedule Castes
  • To Plan the Social and Economic Development of Schedule Castes.
  • To present report on the working of safeguards for Schedule Castes to the President
  • To make recommendations for protection and welfare of the Schedule castes
  • To perform functions for development and advancement of Schedule Castes

Report of the Commission

  • Annual Report is submitted to the President by the Commission
  • In Parliament president places the report along with a memorandum.
  • The President also forward the report to the State Legislature with a Memorandum when necessary
  • The Commission regulates its own procedure.
  • It has a power of civil court.
  • It can Summon and examine any person from India
  • Requires any documents and can receive evidence on affidavits
  • Investigate public records and examine witnesses.

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