Syllabus for IEcoS: General Economics-II
Mercantilism, Physiocrats, Classical, Marxist, Neo – classical, Keynesian and Monetarist schools of thought.
Concept of National Income and Social Accounting
Measurement of National Income, Inter relationship between three measures of national income in the presence of Government sector and International transactions. Environmental considerations, Green national income.
Theory of Employment, Output, Inflation, Money and Finance
The Classical theory of Employment and Output and Neo classical approaches. Equilibrium, analysis under classical and neo classical analysis. Keynesian theory of Employment and output. Post Keynesian developments. The inflationary gap; Demand pull versus cost push inflation, the Philip’s curve and its policy implication. Classical theory of Money, Quantity theory of Money. Friedman’s restatement of the quantity theory, the neutrality of money. The supply and demand for 12 loanable funds and equilibrium in financial markets, Keynes’ theory on demand for money. ISLM Model and AD-AS Model in Keynesian Theory.
Financial and Capital Market
Finance and economic development, financial markets, stock market, gift market, banking and insurance. Equity markets, role of primary and secondary markets and efficiency, derivatives markets, future and options.
Economic Growth and Development
Concepts of Economic Growth and Development and their measurement, characteristics of less developed countries and obstacles to their development – growth, poverty and income distribution. Theories of growth, Classical Approach, Adam Smith, Marx and Schumpeter- Neo classical approach; Robinson, Solow, Kaldor and Harrod Domar. Theories of Economic Development, Rostow, Rosenstein-Roden, Nurske, Hirschman, Leibenstien and Arthur Lewis, Amin and Frank (Dependency scool) respective role of state and the market. Utilitarian and Welfarist approach to social development and A.K. Sen’s critique. Sen’s capability approach to economic development. The Human Development Index. Physical quality of Life Index and Human Poverty Index. Basics of Endogenous Growth Theory.
Gains from International Trade, Terms of Trade, policy, international trade and economic development- Theories of International Trade; Ricardo, Haberler, Heckscher- Ohlin and Stopler- Samuelson- Theory of Tariffs- Regional Trade Arrangements. Asian Financial Crisis of 1997, Global Financial Crisis of 2008 and Euro Zone Crisis- Causes and Impact.
Balance of Payments
Disequilibrium in Balance of Payments, Mechanism of Adjustments, Foreign Trade Multiplier, Exchange Rates, Import and Exchange Controls and Multiple Exchange Rates. IS-LM Model and Mundell- Fleming Model of Balance of Payments.
UN agencies dealing with economic aspects, role of Multilateral Development Bodies (MDBs), such as World Bank, IMF and WTO, Multinational Corporations. G-20.