Hydrogeology Revised Syllabus as Per 2016 Notification (Old Syllabus)

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This is old syllabus. It was updated in 2019. The new combined syllabus for both prelims and mains is here

Section a: Origin, Occurrence and Distribution of Water

  • Water on earth;
  • Types of water — meteoric, juvenile, magmatic and sea water;
  • Hydrological Cycle and its components;
  • Water balance;
  • Water-bearing properties of rocks — porosity, permeability, specific yield and specific retention;
  • Vertical distribution of water;
  • Zone of aeration and zone of saturation;
  • Classification of rocks according to their water-bearing properties;
  • Aquifers;
  • Classification of aquifers;
  • Concepts of drainage basins and groundwater basins;
  • Aquifer parameters- transrnissivity and storage coefficient;
  • Water table and piezometric surface;
  • Fluctuations of water table and piezometric surface;
  • Barometric and tidal efficiencies;
  • Water table contour maps;
  • Hydrographs;
  • Springs;
  • Geologic and geomorphic controls on groundwater;
  • Hydrostratigraphic units;
  • Groundwater provinces of India.
  • Hydrogeology of arid zones of India;
  • Hydrogeology of wet lands.

Section B: Groundwater Hydraulics

  • Theory of groundwater flow;
  • Darcy՚s law and its applications;
  • Determination of permeability in laboratory and in field;
  • Flow through aquifers;
  • steady, unsteady and radial flow conditions;
  • Evaluation of aquifer parameters of confined, semi-confined and unconfined aquifers -Thiem, Thies, Jacob and Walton՚s methods;
  • Groundwater modelling.

Section C: Groundwater Exploration and Water

  • Well Construction Geologic and hydrogeology methods of exploration;
  • Role of remote sensing in groundwater exploration;
  • Hydrogeomorphic and lineament ′ napping;
  • Surface geophysical methods — seismic, gravity, geo-electrical and magnetic methods;
  • Types of water wells and methods of construction;
  • Design, development, maintenance and revitalization of wells;
  • Sub-surface geophysical methods;
  • Yield characteristics of wells;
  • Pumping tests- methods, data analysis and interpretation;

Section D: Groundwater Quality

  • Physical and chemical properties of water;
  • Quality criteria for different uses;
  • Graphical presentation of groundwater quality data;
  • Groundwater quality in different provinces in India;
  • Groundwater contamination;
  • natural (geogenic) and anthropogenic contaminants;
  • Saline water intrusion;
  • Radioisotopes in hydroLteological studies.

Section E: Groundwater Management

  • Groundwater problems related to foundation work, mining, canals and tunnels;
  • Over-exploitation of groundwater and groundwater mining;
  • Groundwater problems in urban areas;
  • Ground water management in arid and semi-arid areas;
  • Climate change impact on gi-oundwater resources;
  • Concept of sustainable development of groundwater resources;
  • Groundwater management — supply side and demand side management;
  • Rainwater harvesting and managed aquifer recharge;
  • Conjunctive use of surface and groundwater;
  • Groundwater legislation.

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