Geology Paper I Revised Syllabus as Per 2016 Notification (Old Syllabus)

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This is old syllabus. It was updated in 2019. The new combined syllabus for both prelims and mains is here

Section a: Geomorphology and Remote Sensing

  • Introduction: Development, Scope, Geomorphic concepts, Types and Tools;
  • Landforms: Role of Lithology, peneplaination, endogenous and exogenous forces responsible, climatic and Tectonic factors and rejuvenation of landforms;
  • Denudationl processes: Weathering, erosion, transportation, weathering products and soils – profiles, types, duricrusts;
  • Hillslopes: Their characteristics and development, fluvial processes on Hillslopes;
  • River and drainage basin: Drainage pattern, network characteristics, Valleys and their development, processes of river erosion, transportation and deposition;
  • Landforms produced by geomorphic agents: Fluvial, Coastal, Glacial and Aeolian landforms;
  • Geomorphic indicators of nontectonic movements: Stream channel morphology changes, drainage modifications, fault reactivation, Uplift – subsidence pattern in coastal areas;
  • Applied Geomorphology: Application in various fields of earth sciences viz. Mineral prospecting, Geohydrology, Civil Engineering and Environmental studies;
  • Geomorphology of India: Geomorphic features and zones
  • Electromagnetic radiation – characteristics, remote sensing regions and bands;
  • General orbital and sensor characteristics of remote sensing satellites;
  • Spectra of common natural objects – soil, rock, water and vegetation.
  • Aerial photos – types, scale, resolution, properties of aerial photos, stereoscopic parallax, relief displacement;
  • Principles of photogrammetry;
  • Digital image processing – characteristics of remote sensing data, preprocessing, enhancements, classification;
  • Elements of photo and imagery pattern and interpretation, application in Geology;
  • Remote sensing applications in interpreting structure and tectonics, Lithological mapping, mineral resources, natural hazards and disaster mitigation, groundwater potentials and environmental monitoring.
  • Landsat, Skylab, Seasat and other foreign systems of satellites and their interpretation for geological and other studies;
  • Space research in India – Bhaskar and IRS systems and their applications, Thermal IR remote sensing and its applications, Microwave remote sensing and its applications.
  • Principles and components of Geographic Information System (GIS) , remote sensing data integration with GIS, applications of GIS in various geological studies.

Section B: Structural Geology

  • Principle of geological mapping and map reading, projection diagrams.
  • Stress-strain relationships for elastic, plastic and viscous materials.
  • Measurement of strain in deformed rocks.
  • Behaviour of minerals and rocks under deformation conditions.
  • Structural analysis of folds, cleavages, lineations, joints and faults.
  • Superposed deformation.
  • Mechanism of folding, faulting and progressive deformation.
  • Shear Zones: Brittle and ductile shear zones, geometry and products of shear zones;
  • Mylonites and cataclasites, their origin and significance.
  • Time relationship between crystallization and deformation.
  • Unconformities and basement-cover relations.
  • Structural behaviour of igneous plutons, diapirs and salt domes.
  • Introduction to petro fabric analysis.

Section C: Geodynamics

  • Earth and its internal structure.
  • Continental drift – geological and geophysical evidence and objections.
  • An overview of plate tectonics including elementary concepts of plates, lithosphere, asthenosphere, types of plate boundaries and associated important geological features like oceanic trenches, volcanic arcs, accretionary wedges, topography of mid-ocean ridges, magnetic anomaly stripes and transform faults.
  • Gravity anomalies at mid-ocean ridges, deep sea trenches, continental shield areas and mountain chains.
  • Palaeomagnetism and its application for determining palaeoposition of continents.
  • Isostasy, Orogeny and Epeirogeny.
  • Seismic belts of the earth.
  • Seismicity at plate boundaries.
  • Principles of Geodesy, Global Positioning System (GPS) and its application in crustal motion monitoring including neotectonics.
  • Palaeoposition of India and Geodynamics of the India plate.

Section D: Stratigraphy

  • Principles of Stratigraphy: History and Development of Stratigraphy; Stratigraphic procedures (Surface and Subsurface) ;
  • Concept of Lithofacies and Biofacies;
  • Stratigraphic Correlation (Litho, Bio- and Chronostrarigraphic Correlation) ;
  • Study of standard stratigraphic code (Lithostratigraphic, Biostratigraphy and Chronostrarigraphic) ;
  • Concepts of Magneto stratigraphy, Chemo stratigraphy, Event stratigraphy, and Sequence stratigraphy;
  • Nomenclature and the modern stratigraphic code.
  • Radioisotopes and measuring geological time.
  • Geological time-scale. Stratigraphic procedures of correlation of unfossiliferous rocks.
  • Precambrian stratigraphy of India : Achaean stratigraphy -tectonic frame-work, geological history and evolution of Dharwar, and their equivalents;
  • Easter Ghats mobile belt; Proterozoic stratigraphy -tectonic framework, geological history and evolution of Cuddapahs and their equivalents.
  • Paleozoic stratigraphy: Paleozoic formations of India with special reference to type localities, history of sedimentation, fossil content.
  • Mesozoic stratigraphy: Mesozoic formations of India with special reference to type localities, history of sedimentation, fossil content.
  • Cenozoic stratigraphy: Cenozoic formations of India, Rise of the Himalayas and evolution of Siwalik basin.
  • Stratigraphic boundaries: Stratigraphic boundary problems in Indian geology.
  • Gondwana Supergroup and Gondwanaland.
  • Deccan Volcanics.
  • Quaternary stratigraphy.
  • Rocks record, palaeoclimates and paleogeography

Section E: Paleontology

  • Evolution of the fossil record and the geological time scale. Basic and functional morphology of major fossil groups. Species concept;
  • Major evolutionary theories;
  • Techniques in Paleontology mega fossils- microfossils – nannofossils , ichnofossils – collection, identification and illustration – binomial Nomenclature;
  • Invertebrate Paleontology – A brief study of morphology, classification, evolutionary trends and distribution of Bivalves, cephalopodan and Gastropods, Echinoids, Corals and Brachiopods.
  • Vertebrate Paleontology – Brief study of vertebrate life through ages. Evolution of reptiles and mammals;
  • Siwalik vertebrate fauna;
  • Biodiversity and mass extinction events;
  • Evidence of life in Precambrian times;
  • Paleontological perspective: Use of paleontological data in
  • Stratigraphy
  • Paleoecology and evolution;
  • Introduction to Micropaleontology;
  • Types of Microfossils;
  • Plant fossils: Gondwana flora and their significance. Different microfossil groups and their distribution in India;
  • Application of palynology.
  • Basic idea about statistical application in paleontology.
  • Fundamentals of isotopic studies of fossils.

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