Paper 3 has been removed from NET from 2018 (Notification)- now paper 2 and 3 syllabus is included in paper 2. Practice both paper 2 and 3 from past papers.

UGC NTA NET Anthropology December 2010 Higher Questions Part 3

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Q43. Match an item in List-I with an item in List-II. Use codes given below:

List – I

(a) Ralph Linton

(b) Talcott Parsons

(c) Ruth Benedict

(d) Marvin Harris

List – II

(i) Patterns of culture

(ii) Cultural Materialism

(iii) Systems Approach

(iv) Status and Role

Codes:

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (iii), (iv), (i), (ii)

(B) (iv), (iii), (i), (ii)

(C) (ii), (iv), (i) (iii)

(D) (i), (iii), (iv), (ii)

Q44. This consists of two lists of statements, terms of symbols and the

Candidate has to match an item in one list with an item in the other:

List – I

(Lithic Technology)

(a) Block-on-block technique

(b) Grinding and polished technique

(c) Pressure Technique

(d) Cylinder hammer Technique

List - II

(Lithic Tools)

(i) Lanceolate Handaxe

(ii) Chopper

(iii) Celt

(iv) Buria

Codes:

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (ii), (i), (iii), (iv)

(B) (iv), (iii), (ii), (i)

(C) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)

(D) (ii), (iii), (iv), (i)

Q45. This consists of two lists of statement, terms or symbols and the candidate has to match an item in one list with an item in the other:

List – I

(Name of the site)

(a) Langhnaj

(b) Bagor

(c) Adamgarh

(d) Teri-sites

List – II

(Name of the excavator)

(i) Aiyappan, A.

(ii) Joshi, R.V.

(iii) Misra, V.N.

(iv) Sankalia, H.D.

Codes:

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(A) (iii), (iv), (i), (ii)

(B) (iv), (iii), (ii), (i)

(C) (i), (ii), (iv), (iii)

(D) (ii), (i), (iii), (iv)

Start passage

Read the following text and choose/pick the correct answer in each of the following questions

In addition to projects aimed at economic development, increasing numbers of countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America are infringing on indigenous lands to set up national parks and wildlife reserves. Ecotourism has created great demand for these areas worldwide.

Approximately 12 percent of the earth’s landmass currently has been set aside as conservation protected areas. An unlikely coalition has formed between government agencies and conservation organizations that often oppose the people’s attempts to secure the resources that they and their ancestors have depended upon for generations.

In an international meeting of the World Parks Congress, held in South Africa in 2003, representatives of indigenous groups issued an appeal protesting their “dispossession and resettlement, the violation of rights, the displacement of peoples, the loss of sacred sites, and the slow but continuous loss of cultures, as well as impoverishment. First, we were dispossessed in the name of kings and emperors, later in the name of State development and now in the name of conservation.” Their position brings them into conflict with conservation groups who favour preserving “wilderness areas” kept “primitive and natural,” that is, uninhabited.

Although firm statistics are unavailable, some estimates suggest that indigenous people actually inhabit 85 percent of reserved and protected lands in Latin America and some 6, 00,000 “tribal people” living in India have been forced to relocate in order to establish protected areas.

However, some countries are attempting to reconcile the needs of indigenous people and the desire to conserve natural resources. For example, the Peruvian government has established what it calls “communal reserves” to be managed jointly by indigenous communities and conservation agencies. Indigenous people maintain legal title to the land and are guaranteed protection against encroachment by loggers, miners, and settlers. However, Government agencies also monitor activities of indigenous people to ensure that their land use does not conflict with the goals of “biodiversity conservation.”

Q46. Which one of the following is not correct?

Indigenous groups were dispossessed in the name of

(A) Kings and emperors

(B) State development

(C) Conservation

(D) Corporate interest

Q47. Which of the following is/are the salient feature(s) of communal reserve?

(A) Joint management

(B) Bio-diversity conservation

(C) Protection against encroachment

(D) All the above

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