Paper 3 has been removed from NET from 2018 (Notification)- now paper 2 and 3 syllabus is included in paper 2. Practice both paper 2 and 3 from past papers.

NTA NET Population Studies December 2019 (Solutions|Explanations|Keys|Answers at doorsteptutor. Com) Part 1

Dr. Manishika Jain- Join online Paper 1 intensive course. Includes tests and expected questions.

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Answer the following paragraphs:

Population ageing is a worldwide phenomenon, owing first to declining fertility rates and second to increased life expectancy. In every region of the world, women are having fewer children than three decades ago. In the early 1970’s the total fertility rate worldwide was estimated at 4-5 children for each woman, compared with 2-7 in 2000.

At the same time, advances in nutrition, medicine and lifestyle have resulted in people living longer. Life expectancy worldwide increased from 45 years in 1945 to 70 years in 2000 and is projected to reach 80 years by 2050. Nearly one in four persons will be over 60 years old for the first time in history, they will outnumber children.

In nearly all countries, women live in longer than men. The gap can be as much as years in Eastern Europe, and as low as 3 years in South Central Asia. Women make up of older people globally. Although the proportion of older people to younger ones is currently higher in developed countries, the demographics of ageing are such that by 2025, 75percent of the 1.2 billion people over 60 years old will live in developing countries.

Widowhood for women over age 60 is most prevalent in Northern Africa and Central Asia and lowest in Latin America. About 10% of women in India are widows. Widowers do not suffer the social sigma. Restrictions and taboos associated with widows. Widow Remarriage are also restricted than the remarriages among the widower.

1. What will be the size of the old population of the developing countries by 2025?

(1) 0.3 billion

(2) 0.6 billion

(3) 0.9 billion

(4) 1.0 billion

2. Which among the following regions has lowest prevalence of widowhood?

(1) North America

(2) Central Asia

(3) Eastern Asia

(4) Latin America

3. Which among the following processes has resulted into population ageing?

(1) Declining fertility

(2) Declining mortality

(3) Increase in life expectancy

(4) Decrease in fertility along with increase in longevity

4-Which of the following is the decadal improvement in the projected life expectancy between 2000 and 2050?

(1) 1 year

(2) 2 years

(3) 3 years

(4) 4 years

5. Which among the following provides the correct male to female ratio among the aged population?

(1) 45: 55

(2) 50: 50

(3) 55: 45

(4) 60:40

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6. Which among the following is not a condition to get the demographic dividend?

(1) Higher proportion of working age population

(2) Creation of skilled labour force

(3) Increased job opportunities

(4) Increased proportion of child population

7. Ideally, the denominator for computation of crude birth rate should be person-years lived in the year but we use average population of the year. Which one of the following is the correct reason?

(1) Person years lived = Average population

(2) It is easy to calculate “average population”

(3) Data for computation of “person –years lived” is not available.

(4) Statement made in the question is not correct

8. Which among the following option lists for fertility indicators _

(a) Total marital fertility rate (TMFR)

(b) General fertility rate (GFR)

(c) Crude birth rate (CBR)

(d) Total fertility rate (TFR)

According to their robustness in measuring fertility (most sensitive to least sensitive)?





9. Which among the following is not a pessimistic concept in terms of population growth?

(1) Population will overshoot the carrying capacity by 2072

(2) Population grows faster than food production

(3) Agricultural intensification increases food production

(4) Population pressure on common property resources will lead to tragedy

10. Social differences are least prominent in _

(1) Sex ratio at birth

(2) Miscarriage and foetal losses

(3) Sex differentials in young childhood

(4) Sex differentials in adult age – group