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NTA NET Population Studies July 2016 Questions and Answers Part 1

Dr. Manishika Jain- Join online Paper 1 intensive course. Includes tests and expected questions.

Start passage

Read the paragraph given below and answer the questions

Demographic trends in primitive populations are influenced not only by food technology but also by health, transport, war technologies, and by the system of organization, which could be called “administrative technology”. In the past health technology was so primitive that many well-fed populations had low birth rates owing to endemic venereal disease and malaria, and high mortality rates, particularly for infants. The main technique of avoiding contamination by epidemic disease was to isolate oneself as much as possible from the source of contamination by such procedures as abandoning the old village and building a new one in another place.

Improvements in the means of transport, which open up new regions for human contacts, are likely to raise mortality rates by giving greater sway to the spread of epidemics. It is true that improvements in transport technology might sometimes reduce mortality by facilitating the supply of food to a famine-stricken region, but since such improvements make it easier for a conqueror or an indigenous ruling class to move food away from the region where it is produced, they could also result in reduction of food available for local population, with negative effects on demographic trends.

Q1. Demographic trends in primitive populations are influenced by

(1) Food and health technology

(2) Food transport and war technology

(3) Health, transport and war technology

(4) Food, health, transport, war and administrative technology

Q2. In the past, even well-fed population had low growth rate because

(1) Birth rate and death rate was low for their better nutrition.

(2) Death rate was high for high level of contamination.

(3) Birth rate was low owing to venereal disease and malaria and high death rate of the infants.

(4) Better access to family planning methods to keep the growth rate low.

Q3. Improvement in transport technology would affect mortality by

(i) Spreading of epidemics by opening up new regions for contact.

(ii) Providing low food availability to local food producer.

(iii) Providing high food availability in the areas of famine.

(iv) Transferring health related information in the affected areas.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

(1) (i) & (ii) are true.

(2) (ii), (iii) and (iv) are true.

(3) (i), (ii), (iii) are true.

(4) (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) are true.

Q4. The primitive technology to control epidemic was to

(I) Isolate the source of contamination.

(II) Purify the source of contamination.

(III) Not allowing people to move in new geographical region.

(IV) Shift the affected person to hospital.

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

(1) (I) & (II) are true.

(2) (II), (III) and (IV) are true.

(3) (I), (III) and (IV) are true.

(4) (I), (II) and (III) are true

End passage

Q5. Which among the following are considered to construct Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM)?

(I) Political participation and decision making

(II) Power over economic resources

(III) Decision making on health care

(IV) Economic participation and decision making

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

(1) Only (I), (II) and (III)

(2) Only (II), (III) and (IV)

(3) Only (I), (III) and (IV)

(4) Only (I), (II) and (IV)

Q6. According to Census of India 2011, marginal workers are categorized as follows:

(1) Involved in 3 months and 6 months of work duration.

(2) Involved in for each month duration of work.

(3) Involved in only up to 6 months duration of work.

(4) Involved in every two months duration of work.

Q7. The concept of urbanization has spread from:

(1) Mesopotamia civilization

(2) Nile valley civilization

(3) Harappan civilization

(4) None of the above

Q8. Match name of the Scholars given in List – I with the concepts they have introduced given in List – II.

Match name of the Scholars given in List – I with the concepts they have introduced given in List – II

List – I

List – II

A. Julian Simon

i. Ultimate Resource

B. Ester Boserup

ii. Tragedy of Commons

C. Garrett Hardin

iii. Population Bombs

D. Paul Ehrlich

iv. Agriculture intensification

(1) iv, iii, ii, i

(2) iii, ii, iv, i

(3) ii, iii, iv, i

(4) i, iv, ii, iii

Q9. The settlement developed along the riverside or along the railway track tend to develop:

(1) Nuclear pattern

(2) Linear pattern

(3) Dispersed pattern

(4) Star shaped pattern

Q10. Which among the following is not considered in case of Central Place (CP)?

(1) CP retails goods and services to surrounding areas.

(2) CP will have threshold to provide services.

(3) CP will have hierarchy in services.

(4) CP will have population of different purchase power.

Q11. A country currently has a population of 50 million and an annual growth rate 2.5 percent. If growth rate remains constant, how many years it will take to double its population?

(1) 25 years

(2) 28 years

(3) 31 years

(4) 35 years

Q12. Which among the following indicator is not used for the construction of the Human Development Index?

(1) Expectation of life at birth

(2) Adult literacy rate

(3) G.D.P. per capita (PPP Per capita US $)

(4) Percentage of population below poverty line

Q13. Which among the following indicator is not used for estimation of Human Development Index (HDI)?

(1) Contraceptive prevalence Rate

(2) A long and healthy life

(3) Access to knowledge

(4) A decent standard of living

Q14. Which among the following type is SRS life table?

(1) Complete

(2) Cohort

(3) Period

(4) Actuarial

Q15. Which among the following is not the correct approach of the ‘Reproductive, maternal, newborn, child and adolescent’ (RMNC+A) programme under the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)?

(1) Continuum of Care

(2) National Iron + Initiative

(3) Comprehensive screening and early intervention for defects at birth

(4) Partnership with Panchayati Raj Institutions