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NTA NET Population Studies June 2019 Part 1 Download all the papers to prepare for NET 2020

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PAPER- ii & iii

Population studies

(Past year solved question paper July - 2018)

Start Passage

Read the paragraph given below carefully and answer the questions (1-6) below:

Rural to urban migration is prominent in migration–environment linkages in Africa. In the United Republic of Tanzania, the spread of cash crops especially (coffee and cotton) was stimulate by government policy and led to substantial rural – rural migration to the Using plains, depleting their vegetation. The human population of plains rose fivefold between 1948 and 1988. However, the ecological deterioration was also partly due to insecure land tenure and the absence of social institution for regulating resources access and use. In Nigeria, the Keytar of the Jos Plateau, responding to expanding market opportunities rather than population pressure, migrated from the fertile Benue plains and changed from being shifting cultivators in temporarily cleared areas of forest to being permanent and intensive tillers of family farms in areas cleared of forest.

1. Why people opted out for permanent and intensive tilling instead of shifting cultivation?

(1) Demand for food was increasing.

(2) Forest clearance was restricted.

(3) Intensive cultivation generates marketable surplus.

(4) To absorb more people in cultivation.

2. Why do you think Koyfar people have migrated out from Benue plains?

(1) Shifting cultivation led to land depletion.

(2) Population pressure made the area non-livable.

(3) Agriculture land was shrinking.

(4) Market opportunities were more in new areas.

3. Which among the following has not been resulted due to introduction of cash crop cultivation in Usangu plains?

(1) Depletion of their natural vegetation.

(2) Strong social institution regulating the use of resources.

(3) Large scale migration

(4) Rapid increase of population

4 - Which of the following migration stream is being developed due to spread of cash crops in United Republic of Tanzania?

(1) Rural to rural

(2) Rural to urban

(3) Urban to urban

(4) Urban to rural

5. Which among the following has not been identified as a reason for depletion of forest in the above paragraph?

(1) Change in the method of cultivation.

(2) Change in the land tenure system.

(3) Growth of population of forest dwellers.

(4) Increased cattle population.

6. Which among the following correctly describes the nature of the passage?

(1) Hypothetical

(2) Analytical

(3) Fictional

(4) Factual

7. The first population census of England and France was carried out in which among the following year?

(1) 1750

(2) 1790

(3) 1801

(4) 1880

8. Match the following propositions in List-2 with the list-1 with regard to the stages under demographic transition theory:

List 1 and list 2

List-1

List-2

(a) Stages -1

(i) High birth rate and high death rate

(b) Stages - 2

(ii) High birth rate falling death rate

(c) Stages - 3

(iii) Declining birth rates low death rate

(d) Stages -4

(iv) Low birth rate , low death rate

Codes:

(a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(2) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)

(3) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

(4) (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)

9. The percentage of schedule tribes to the population of India according to the 2011 census is around, (percent):

(1) 6

(2) 8

(3) 10

(4) 12

10. Assertion (A): A demographic dividend is the potential for economic growth that can result from shifts in a population age structure.

Reason (R): A demographic dividend is linked to a demographic transition, which begins when child and infant death rates decreases in response to increased access to vaccines, antibiotics, safe water, sanitation and better nutrition.

(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(2) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(3) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(4) (A) is false, but (R) is true.