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UGC Social Work 2017: Most Important Questions and Answers Part 11

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68. Arrange the following phases of field work in social work in an order of sequence:

(i) Placement phase

(ii) Orientation phase

(iii) exploration-assessment-action phase

(iv) Evaluation phase

Codes:

(1) (i) , (ii) , (iii) , (iv)

(2) (ii) , (i) , (iii) , (iv)

(3) (i) , (ii) , (iv) , (iii)

(4) (ii) , (i) , (iv) , (iii)

70. Organize the following steps in intervention research in a sequence:

(i) Identification of objectives

(ii) Problem formulation

(iii) Selection of single subject design

(iv) Intervention strategies

(v) Pre-intervention assessment

(vi) Assessment of intervention effects

(vii) Drawing of conclusions

Codes:

(1) (ii) , (i) , (iii) , (v) , (iv) , (vi) , (vii)

(2) (i) , (ii) , (iii) , (iv) , (v) , (vi) , (vii)

(3) (iii) , (i) , (ii) , (iv) , (v) , (vi) , (vii)

(4) (iii) , (ii) , (i) , (v) , (iv) , (vi) , (vii)

Answer: a

Read the passage given below and answer the following questions as per the understanding of the passage. Skills and knowledge are the driving forces of economic growth and social development for any country. India currently faces a severe shortage of well-trained, skilled workers. It is estimated that only 2.3 % of the workforce in India has undergone formal skill training as compared to 68 % in the UK, 75 % in Germany, 52 % in USA, 80 % in Japan and 96 % in South Korea. Large sections of the educated workforce have little or no job skills, making them largely unemployable. Therefore, India must focus on scaling up skill training efforts to meet the demands of employers and drive economic growth. India՚s annual skilling capacity was estimated at approximately 7 million during the period 2013 - 14. Apart from meeting its own demand, India has the potential to provide a skilled workforce to fill the expected shortfall in the ageing developed world. India is one of the youngest nations in the world, with more than 54 % of the total population below 25 years of age and over 62 % of the population in the working age group (15 - 59 years) . The country՚s population pyramid is expected to bulge across the 15 - 59 age groups over the next decade. This demographic advantage is predicted to last only until 2040. India therefore has a very narrow time frame to harness its demographic dividend and to overcome its skill shortages. The enormity of India՚s skilling challenge is further aggravated by the fact that skill training efforts cut across multiple sectors and require the involvement of diverse stakeholders such as: multiple government departments at the center and state levels, private training providers, educational and training institutions, employers, industry associations, assessment and certification bodies and trainees. All these stakeholders need to align their work together in order to achieve the target of ‘skill India.’ The ministry of skill development and entrepreneurship was set up in November 2014 to drive the ‘skill India’ agenda in a ‘mission mode’ in order to converge existing skill training initiatives and combine scale and quality of skilling efforts, with speed. The ministry, therefore, proposes to launch the national skill development mission, which will provide the overall institutional framework to rapidly implement and scale up skill development efforts across India. The vision, objectives, and design of the mission, draw on the lessons learnt from the implementation of skill development efforts over the past decade. It seeks to provide the institutional capacity to train a minimum of 300 million skilled people by the year 2022.

71. Why India must focus on scaling up skill training efforts?

(a) Meeting the demands of employers

(b) Scaling up economic growth

(c) Providing a skilled workforce to ageing developed world

(d) Striving for social cohesion

Codes:

(1) (a) only

(2) (a) and (b) only

(3) (a) , (b) and (c) only

(4) (a) , (b) , (c) and (d)

Answer: c

72. As per paragraph, which one of the following is not stakeholder of skill training efforts?

(1) Government departments

(2) General masses

(3) Employers

(4) Industry associations

Answer: b

73. Why India is one of the youngest nations in the world?

(1) More than half of the population below 25 years of age.

(2) Young population have no skills.

(3) Young people in India are unemployed.

(4) Young people in India are not tolerant.

Answer: a

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