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NTA NET Women Studies December 2019 Higher Questions and Answers Part 6

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Question 62) Women Helpline Scheme was launched in which of the following year?

  1. 2011
  2. 2013
  3. 2014
  4. 2015

Question 63) First woman to pass MA in India.

  1. Leila Seth
  2. Sarojani Naidu
  3. Chandra Mukhi Bose
  4. None

Question 64) Which one of the following Articles of the Constitution prohibits human trafficking and forced labor?

  1. Article 21
  2. Article 45
  3. Article 23
  4. Article 20

Question 65) Right to safe and clean drinking water is recognized as a Fundamental Right under

  1. Article 22
  2. Article 25
  3. Article 21
  4. Article 23

Question 66) Which state has been found with the highest number of feticide rates?

  1. Haryana
  2. Punjab
  3. Delhi
  4. Chennai

Question 67) As of 2016, which state has the highest incidence of crime on women based on percentage of share?

  1. Uttar Pradesh
  2. Maharashtra
  3. Kerala
  4. Delhi

Question 68) Baby Manji Yameda vs Union of India case wasin reference to

  1. Surrogacy
  2. Rape
  3. Sexual harassment
  4. None

Question 69) Which movie is inspired by the life and struggles of the Nobel laureate mathematician John Nash, who recently died in a car accident?

(A) A Beautiful Mind

(B) Almost Famous

(C) Thirteen Days

(D) Profoundly Normal

Question 70) . NABARD stands for:

(A) National Bank for Agriculture and Regional Development

(B) National Bank for Agricultural and Regional Development

(C) National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development

(D) Nation՚s Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development

Question 71) Which of the following is NOT correctly matched?

(A) Indira Gandhi - Bharat Ratna

(B) Mother Teresa - Nobel Laureate

(C) KiranBedi - Megasaysay

(D) Ela Bhat - Pulitzer Prize

Question 72) What are the causes of corruption?

A. Economic insecurity

B. High rate of income tax

C. System of democracy

D. All of the above

Question 73) When was the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act enacted?

A. 2003

B. 2004

C. 2005

D. 2006

Read the following passage and answer the questions 74 to 80.

The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 provides for protection of all working women, including domestic helps and agricultural labourers, against sexual harassment at the workplace. The Act makes it mandatory for all workplaces including homes, universities, hospitals, government and non-government offices, factories, and other formal and informal workplaces to have an internal grievance redressal mechanism for complaints related to sexual harassment. The in-house committee has to dispose of a complaint within 90 days. There are also safeguard against false or malicious charges. If a woman is found to have filed a complaint with mala-fide intentions, she can be punished. Failure to prove charges, however, will not be construed as mala-fide intention. As per this Act, cases of sexual harassment of women at workplace, including against domestic help, will have to be disposed of by in-house committees within a period of 90 days failing which penalty of ₹ 50,000 would be imposed. Repeated non-compliance of the provisions of the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 6 2013 can even lead to higher penalties and cancellation of license or registration to conduct business. Major Challenges for Changing the Mindset: The Supreme Court directive provided the legitimate space for the hidden truth about SHW to surface; earlier one only heard about victim-blaming, witch-hunting, and blackmailing. Now women are fighting back tooth and nail. The electronic and print media have become extremely responsive to the issue of SHW. My first-hand experiences with sitting in the grievance redressal committees regarding SHW has convinced me that we need to counter the myths about SHW with concrete facts, case studies and a database.

Myth: 1. Women enjoy ‘eve-teasing’ /sexual harassment.

Fact: Eve-teasing/sexual harassment is humiliating, intimidating, painful and frightening.

Myth 2: ‘Eve-teasing’ is harmless flirtation. Women who object have no sense of humor.

Fact: Behavior that is unwelcome cannot be considered harmless, or funny. Sexual harassment is defined by its impact on the woman rather than the intent of the perpetrator.

Myth 3: Women ask for SHW. Only women who are provocatively dressed are sexually harassed.

Fact: This is the classic way of shifting the blame from the harasser to the woman. Women have the right to act, dress and move around freely without the threat of attack or harassment. The most popular slogan of the women՚s rights movement of last 3 decades has been: However, we dress, wherever we go, ‘Yes’ means ‘Yes’ and ‘No’ means ‘No’ .

Myth 4: Women who say NO actually mean YES.

Fact: This is a common myth used by men to justify sexual aggression and one-sided Sexual advances.

Myth5: Sexual harassment is not really an issue. It doesn՚t hurt anyone.

Fact: Persons subjected to sexual harassment experience a wide range of physical and psychological ailments. There are economic consequences for the victim՚s physical and mental wellbeing and the organization՚s productivity, efficiency, and work ethics.

Myth6: Sexual harassment! it՚s only natural male behavior. A man is a hunter and Woman is a prey.

Fact: Men are not born knowing how to sexually harass others. it՚s learned within the context of a sexist and patriarchal environment that perpetuates control over women՚s sexuality, fertility and labour.

Myth 7: Women keep quiet: that means they like it.

Fact: Women keep quiet to avoid the stigma attached and retaliation from the harasser. Women are afraid that they will be accused of provoking it, of being victimized, of being called liars and made the subject of gossip.

Myth 8: If women go to places where they are not welcome, they should expect sexual harassment.

Fact: Discriminatory behavior and abuse is unlawful. Women have equal access to all work facilities. Safe workplace is women՚s legal right.

Question 74) The Sexual Harassment Act for Women at is mandatory for.

  1. all workplaces including homes, universities, hospitals, government and non-government offices, factories, and other formal and informal workplaces
  2. hospitals
  3. formal and informal places
  4. none