Details on Kuchipudi & Kathakali for NTA (UGC)-NET

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Kuchipudi

Kuchipudi
  • It originates from Andhra Pradesh.
  • Village name kuchipudi.
  • Intially done by male artist in-group called Bhagvatharu.
  • It shares many common elements with Bharatanatyam.
  • Theme initially based on bhagwatpuran later a secular theme with dominance of shringar.
  • In Tarangam (a unique kuchipudi dance) dancer dances on plate with diyas in the hands and vessel of water on the head.
  • Carnatic music is used.
  • Costumes are similar to Bharatanatyam.
Kuchipudi Dance Form
  • Costume also include ‘Katcham’ (long fold) at the back of the costume
  • Female characters wear ornaments and jewelry.
  • Dancer combines herself into singer
  • Use of speech
  • Unique feature-Taal chitra natya-dancers draw painting on the floor with dancing toes
  • Manduk shabdam-story of a frog
  • Laasya and tandav both present
  • Artists-Raja and radhar Reddy, esther sharman, Indrani Rehman

Kathakali

Kathkali Dance Form
  • It originates from Kerala state.
  • Katha kali
  • Dance drama
  • Theme mythological
  • Conflict between God and evil in grand manner-bhadrakali n asur wars
  • Facial expression eye and eye-brows
  • Attractive make-up of characters and elaborate costumes are used.
  • Performance is a combination of five elements:
  • Natyam (expression) , Nritham (dance) , > Nrithyam (enactment) , > Geetha m (vocal) and > Vadyam (instruments)
  • Carnatic music is used with Manipravalam as language of songs.
Kathkali Dance Women Make Up
  • Elaborate make up is used.
  • Green face color- noble characters (Pacha) Green with red streaks- characters with evil streaks Red face color excessively evil characters Women have yellow face color.
  • Costumes are elaborate and differ according to character
  • Origin in temples
  • Generally, it performed in open air
  • It starts at night and ends with the arrival of dawn
  • Brass lamp on the stage
  • At the starting, continuous thundering of drums
  • Artists kala Mandalam Gopi, kala Mandalam Murli

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