NTA (UGC) NET Paper 1 Communication and Technology: Communication Process

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As mentioned above, we can clearly see that there are six elements of communication: a code, a channel, encoding, decoding, encoder and decoder.

A message is communicated or a piece of information is conveyed by means of a mechanism. This is necessary with a view to being able to convey the message/information fully and completely. Thus, there is a sender of the message who is also called an encoder, just as a computer understands the language of a code.

A channel or device is used to communicate the message. It could be a radio or a television set, newspaper or magazine and the like:

The encoding process means putting the message together or arranging the ideas in a recognizable and understandable form, for conveying it to the receivers. Unlike in telegraphy, the encoder here is an human agent.

The encoder decides the content of the message.

Similarly, decoder is the destination where the message lands. The receiver has to wait for the words to be spoken or written and to make out what he/she can make of them according to his or her knowledge, experience, assumption, and attitudes. When two people communicate who are equally matched in intelligence, social backgrounds and comprehension power; the advantages and disadvantages pass from one to the other. Thus, the encoder (who is the initiator of the communication activity) chooses his subject and the channel of communication and makes the first impact on the mind of the decoder.

Decoding is one of the most crucial and very crucial elements of the communication process. The entire process of comprehension process of communication hinges on the decoder of course, the message will be received, recorded and interpreted differently by different people according to their knowledge, experience and understanding levels.

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