Expected Questions in Education Set 3 – Nov 2017 NET Exam YouTube Lecture Handouts

Dr. Manishika Jain- Join online Paper 1 intensive course. Includes tests and expected questions.

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Expected Questions NTA NET November 2017 Paper 1: Higher Education Set 4

What is Digital Classroom, Flipped Classroom, and Blended Learning?

  • The digital classroom is “technology-enabled” classroom fully supported through information and communication technologies (ICTs) .
  • In flipped classroom students receive instruction online outside classroom.
  • Blended learning is a combination of face-to-face instruction and online instruction- provided by using social media, online learning platforms, systems, and tools.
Student Centered Blended Learning

What Makes a Classroom Digital?

  • Digital archives and repositories
  • Remote access to information and communications technologies (ICTs)
  • Access to digital infrastructure with improved access to education
  • Buildings to accommodate new equipment
  • Virtualized classrooms with virtual and immersive tools as part of learning structure

Flipped Classroom, Inverted Classroom or Reverse Instruction

In flipped classroom, students are exposed to content before their classes through instructional videos. Students in class deepen their understanding of content through active learning exercises, activities, labs, and other applications.

Important Technology Tools

Besides the audiovisual tools like screen, projector, computer, videos, and presentation, following tools might be part of digital classrooms:

  • Clickers are student response systems allowing students to respond to classroom polls and quizzes, regardless of class size.
  • ePortfolios are online collections that allow students to demonstrate skills and interests to diverse audiences.
  • LMS Learning Management Systems allow presenting instructional materials (text, audio, video, etc.) , interacting with students, facilitate peer-to-peer interaction, and manage grades within a secure environment.
  • Wikis are collaborative websites edited by anyone while blogs offer a means to narrate work online.
  • Wimba classroom is a web-based meeting tool allowing teaching classes online in real-time through chat, audio, video, content display, application sharing, whiteboard and polling.
  • Podcasts are audio or video files made available for download and playback using a computer or a mobile device.
  • Simulations imitate real life phenomena, systems, or environments.
  • Smart boards are interactive whiteboards that use touch technology to detect scrolling, right mouse-clicks or keyboard detect input.


The SECTIONS model (Bates and Poole, 2003) represents the criteria for selecting instructional technologies based on:

  • S-Students
  • E-Ease of Use and Reliability
  • C-Costs
  • T-Teaching and Learning
  • I-Interactivity
  • O-Organizational Issues
  • N-Novelty
  • S-Speed

Gyankunj Project

Classrooms in Gujarat will be equipped with projectors, smart-boards, infrared cameras, laptops, speakers, and Wi-Fi routers.

  • Increase interest
  • Lectures with audio-visual descriptions
  • Total expenditures of ₹ 35.85 crore with ₹ 222,000 per school.
  • Implemented in 3173 classrooms of standard 7th and 8th of 1609 schools
  • Later classes 5th to 9th of every schools of the state will be covered under this project


  • New Avenues of Modern Education through Tablets
  • By Gujarat Government
  • 3.5 lakh college students at a cost of ₹ 1,000 per tablet
  • Actual cost is ₹ 8,000
  • Under the scheme, the government will provide 7-inch NAMO e-TAB for the first year college students
  • Includes voice-calling, front/back camera, study material etc.
  • ₹ 200 crore sanctioned in the budget
  • Developed by Acer and Lenovo
  • Till now, 154960 students have registered for the tablets.

Seven Principles for Good Teaching with Technology

Improve undergraduate teaching

Seven Principles for Good Teaching

School Chalo Abhiyan Launched

At present 70 - 80 lakh students are out of school

  • India has 81 % literacy rate from 18 % in 1947
  • Thomas Monroe (a British administrator) had written that in year 1810, India had 100 per cent literacy
  • Digital literacy in rural India with 70 crore mobile phones
  • Targets 100 % literacy, digital and otherwise, by 2022.
  • National Literacy Mission defines literacy as “acquiring the skills of reading, writing, and arithmetic and the ability to apply them to one՚s day-to-day life.”
    • Self-reliance
    • Awareness of the causes of deprivation
    • Acquiring skills to improve economic status
    • Imbibing values such as national integration
  • Crude literacy rate = number of literate person divided by total population multiplied by 100
  • Effective literacy rate (or literacy rate) = number of literate persons aged 7 or above divided by population aged 7 and above multiplied by 100

World University Rankings 2018: IISc Ranked Highest from India

Top 10 in Universities in World are Oxford University (1st, UK) , Cambridge University (2nd, UK) , California institute of Technology (3rd, US)

Rankings of Indian Universities

  • Total of 30 Universities
  • None was in the top 100
  • 8 feature in top 500 and 3 in top 200 (IIT Delhi, IIT Bombay, and IISc Bangalore)

Reasons for Decline in Ranking of Indian Universities

  • Lags in research funds
  • Lacks in internationalization front
  • Caters to particular stream only – reduces volume and variety
  • Government policy limits international students

13 point performance indicators calculating rankings are grouped in five areas

  • Teachings (learning environment; 30 % weight)
  • Research (volume, income and reputation; 30 %)
  • Citations (research influence; 30 %)
  • International outlook (staff, students and research; 7.5 %)
  • Industry income (knowledge transfer; 2.5 %)

Exclusion: Universities that do not teach undergraduates or those whose research output amounted to fewer than 1000 articles between 2012 and 2016

‘SWACHHTA’ Ranking - 2017 of Higher Educational Institutions Save water & electricity, promote cleanliness and manage waste for Smart Campus

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

  • Four crore and eighty lakhs toilets were constructed in India since 2nd October, 2014
  • More than two lakhs villages are now open defecation free.

Parameters for a clean campus: Student/toilet ratio, kitchen hygiene, availability of running water, modernity of toilet & kitchen equipment, campus green cover, garbage disposal in hostels and academic buildings, disposal techniques, water supply systems and also a certain weightage to whether the institutions has adopted any neighbouring locality or village to spread awareness & activities in Swachhta.

Clusters of villages have been adopted by certain HEIs under the Unnat Bharat Abhiyan programme in consultation with District Collectors.

List of Institutions Awarded on Swachhata Rankings

Table of List of Institutions Awarded on Swachhata Rankings
1.O. P. Jindal Global University, SonipatSonipatHaryana
2.Manipal University, JaipurJaipurRajasthan
3.Chitkara University, Kalu Jhanda (Barotiwala) , SolanSolanHP
4.K. L. E. Academy of Higher Education and Research, BelgaumBelgaumKarnataka
5.Dayalbagh Educational Institute, AgraAgraUP
1.Kongu Arts and Science CollegeErodeTN
2.Vidya Pratishthans Arts, Commerce & Science College, M. I. D. C. Baramati, Pune 413100PuneMaharashtra
3.Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda CollegeChennaiTN
4.Vivekananda College of Arts & Science (W)TiruchengodeTN
5.S N R Sons CollegeCoimbatoreTN
6.K. G. College of Arts and ScienceCoimbatoreTN
Technical institutions
1.Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, CoimbatoreCoimbatoreTN
2.Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, GunturGunturAP
3.Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, ChennaiChennaiTN
4.Vivekanandha College of Engineering for WomenTiruchengodeTN
5.R. M. D Engineering CollegeChennaiTN
6.R. M. K Engineering CollegeChennaiTN
7.Abes Institute of Technology, GhaziabadGhaziabadUP
Government institutions
1.G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology,PantnagarUK
2.Madurai Kamraj University,MaduraiTN
3.Alagappa University, Alagappa Nagar,KaraikudiTN
4.National Institute of Technology,HamirpurHP
5.Indian Institute of Technology,GuwahatiAssam
6.Govt Post-graduate College for Girls, Sector-11ChandigarhUT
7.Punjab UniversityChandigarhPunjab

Zero Tolerance Policy

  • To check plagiarism
  • Disqualified from publishing any work
  • Denied annual increment
  • Disqualified from supervising any student or scholar
  • Researchers can lose their registration if 60 % plagiarism is found.
  • Also compulsory for the HEIs to submit to INFLIBNET (Information and Library Network) soft copies of all M Phil. , PhD theses
  • Under “Shodh Ganga e-repository” program: Theses carried out in its several departments after the award of degrees for hosting in the digital repository.
Zero Tolerance Policy

NAAC Revised Framework

  • ICT enabled
  • Combination of System Generated Scores - 70 % online and 30 % peer evaluation
  • System of minimum qualifiers for achieving a grade, for example, Universities should score a minimum of 3.01 in Criteria 1,2 and 3 for achieving grade.
Table of Range of Institutional CGPA
Range of institutional CGPALetter GradePerformance Descriptor
AVery Good (Accredited)
BGood (Accredited)
CSatisfactory (Accredited)
DUnsatisfactory (Accredited)

Seven Criteria Based on Which the Grading is Done

  • Curricular Aspect
  • Teaching- Learning & Evaluation
  • Research, Consultancy & Extension
  • Infrastructure & Learning Resources
  • Governance, Leadership & Management
  • Innovation & Best Practices
  • Student Support & Progression

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