NTA (UGC) NET Paper 1 Higher Education: Academic Qualification

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Academic Qualification Framework Degree Framework

Three core levels are there of qualifications within the higher education system in our country. Basically these are comprise of: BacheloR'Undergraduate level Master's or Post-graduate level Doctoral or Pre-doctoral level Diploma courses are now available at the undergraduate and postgraduate level. In the case of undergraduate level, it may differs between one to three years in length, postgraduate diplomas are generally awarded after one year's study.

Bachelor's degree in arts, commerce and sciences is three years of education (after 12 years of school education). In various places honours as well as special courses are also there. These are not longer in case of time duration but shows greater depth of study. Bachelor degree in professional area of study in agriculture, dentistry, engineering, pharmacy, technology and veterinary medicine generally take four years, while architecture and medicine. It takes five and five and a half years respectively. There are other bachelor degrees in education, journalism and librarian-ship that are second degrees. Bachelor's degree in law can either be taken as an integrated degree for five years or three-year course as a second degree. Master's degree is generally of two-year I duration. It could be coursework without thesis or research in isolation.

Admission to postgraduate programmes in engineering and technology is done on the basis of Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering or Combined Medical Test respectively. A pre-doctoral programme-Master of Philosophy (M. Phil) is taken after completion of the Master's Degree. This can either be exclusively research based or can comprise course work as well PHD is awarded two year after the M. Phil or three years after the Master's degree. Students must need to quote a relevant thesis on the basis of original research.

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