NTA (UGC) NET Paper 1 Research and Teaching Aptitude: Barriers to Coomunication

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Hindrances in the Effective Communication

Barriers at the sender: Encoding is a process that means forming, initiating and sending the message. The process of selecting and organizing symbols to represent a message needs skill as well as knowledge. Hindrances or barriers are stated below can interfere with an effective message.

  1. Lack of Sensitivity to Receiver. Sender must know the receiver's needs, status, knowledge of the subject, and language skills before forming and sending a message as breakdown in communication may cause, when a message is not designed as per the receiver.

  2. Lack of Basic communication Skills. If a sender will not choose brief words that are needed and maintain a relevant sequence of the words it will create confusion in the mind of receiver, so they must be grammatically correct then only the receiver is more likely to understand the message.

  3. Insufficient Knowledge of the Subject. If the sender does not mention the particular information about something in the message, the receiver will more likely to get an ambiguous message which lacks clarity.

  4. Information Overload. If a message is completely loaded with information and is very detailed, then basically receiver may tend to put up a hindrance because the information will be coming so fast that he or she may feel it hard to understand and to get the meaning of information.

  5. Emotional Interference. If the sendeR'emotional state is not okay, then definitely he or she cannot send the message in the exact manner as it should be send. If someone is angry, hostile, resentful, joyful or fearful, that person is too indulged in those emotions, He will not get or deliver the exact essense of the message.

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