The Lecture Method & the Programmed Instruction Method

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The Lecture Method

A formal or semi-formal discourse is which the instructor presents a series of events, facts, or principles, explores a problem, or explains relationships.

Uses

  • To orient students.

  • To introduce a subject.

  • To give directions on procedures.

  • To present basic material.

  • To introduce a demonstration, discussion, or performance.

  • To illustrate application of rules, principles, or concepts.

  • To review, clarify, emphasise or summaries.

Advantages

  • Saves time.

  • Permits flexibility.

  • Requires less rigid space requirement.

  • Permits adaptability.

  • Permits versatility.

  • Permits better centre over contact and sequence.

Dis-Advantages

  • Involves one-way communication.

  • Poses problems in skill teaching.

  • Encourages student passiveness.

  • Poses difficulty in gauging student reaction.

  • Require highly skilled instructors.

    Image of The Lecture Method

    Image of the Lecture Method

    Image of The Lecture Method

The Programmed Instruction Method

A method of self-instruction

Uses

  • To provide remedial Instruction.

  • To provide make-up Instruction for late arrivals, absentees, transients.

  • To maintain previously earned skills which are not performed frequently enough.

  • To provide retraining on equipment and procedures which have become obsolete.

  • To upgrade production.

  • To accelerate capable students.

  • To provide enough common background among student.

  • To provide the review and practice of knowledge and skills.

Advantages

  • Reduce failure rate.

  • Improves end-of –course proficiency.

  • Saves time.

  • Provides for self-Instruction.

Dis-Advantages

  • Require local or commercial preparation.

  • Requires lengthy programmer training.

  • Increases expenses.

  • Requires considerable lead.

Image of Programmed Instruction Method

Image of Programmed Instruction Method

Image of Programmed Instruction Method

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