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NTA (UGC) NET June-December 2021 Syllabus for Comparative Study of Religions

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NTA (UGC) NET Comparative Study of Religions Syllabus 2012

Code No. 62

Subject: Comparative Study of Religions


There shall be two question papers-NTA (UGC) NET Comparative Study Paper II and Paper III. NTA (UGC) NET Comparative Study Paper II will cover 50 objective type questions (multiple-choice, matching type, sequencing type and assertion-reasoning type) carrying 100 marks.

NTA (UGC) NET Comparative Study Paper III shall have four sections. Section I will have five questions of 5 marks each and Section II will have fifteen questions of 5 marks each. NTA (UGC) NET Comparative Study Section III will have five questions of 12 marks each and Section IV will have one question of 40 marks.

Questions of Section I and Section II are compulsory for all candidates and questions of Section III and Section IV will be pertaining to the particular specialization/religion.

Unit I: Nature and Scope of Religion

Concept of Religion.

Significance of and Approaches to the Study of Religions (Historical, Anthropological, Sociological, Philosophical, Phenomenological so on) .

Founders and Propounders of Religions.

Major Scriptures (Veda-s, Jaina Agama-s, Tripitake, Bible, Quran, Guru Granth Saheb, Avesta etc) .

Individual and Social Aspects of Religion.

Harmony of Religions and Interfaith Dialogue.

Modern Challenges to Religions (Materialism, Rationalism, Agnosticism, Atheism and so on) .

Some basic concepts common to most of the Tribal Religions:

Unified concept encompassing the whole universe and all grades of existence.

The ideas behind in various primitive societies: Manaism, Totemism, Tabooism, Animism, Magic, etc.

Manifestations of Tribal Religions in individual and social life of Adivasi People.

Unit II: Major Religions: Common Aspects and Themes

Concept of Universe and Ultimate Reality.

Theories of Karma, Retribution and Salvation.

Codes of Ethical Conduct (Monks and Laity) .

Compassion, Non-violence, Peace and Harmony.

Social Justice and Human Rights.

Prayer, Meditation and Mysticism.

Attitude towards Women.

Heritage and Culture.

Worship and Rituals.

Religion and Science in Dialogue.

Unit III: Hinduism

Nature of Vedic Religion and Culture.

Vedic Literature-Samhita-s, Brahmana-s, Aranyak-s, Upanisad-s

Saivism, Vaisnavism, Shaktism, Tantraism, etc.

Six Systems of Hindu Philosophy-Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisesika, Mimamsa and Vedanta.

Epics (Ramayana, Mahabharata) and Purana-s.

Bhakti and Reform Movements of the Medieval Period.

Modern Reform Movements (Brahmosamaja, Aryasamaja, Ramakrishna Mission, etc) .

Unit IV: Jainism

Sramana Culture and Tirthankara Tradition (Rsabhadeva to Mahavira) .

Main Sects of Jainism-Digambara and Svetambara.

Prakrit Agama Literature and Prominent Acaryas.

Basic Doctrines, Principles and Philosophy.

Contribution to Arts and Architecture.

Social Aspects of Jainism.

Contemporary Developments of Jainism.

Unit V: Buddhism

Background, Life and Teachings of Gautama Buddha.

Pali Tipitaka Literature and Mahayana Surtra-s.

Main Sects-Theravada, Mahayana, etc.

Basic Doctrines, Principles and Philosophy.

Contribution to Arts and Architecture.

Expansion of Buddhism Outside India.

Social Aspects and Revival of Buddhism.

Unit VI: Christianity

The Life and Message of Jesus Christ and the Beginnings of Christianity.

Old Testament and New Testament Scriptures and the Question of Interpretation.

Main Christian Churches (Catholic, Orthodox and Protestant) .

Important Beliefs and Teachings of Christianity.

Christian Worship, Rituals and Mysticism.

History of Christianity in India.

Contemporary Trends in Christian Theology.

Unit VII: Islam

Life of Prophet Mohammed and Basic Teachings of the Quran.

The Establishment of the Islamic Community and the Medinian state.

Development of the Islamic Civilization under Abbasids.

International Trade and Foreign Relations in Medieval Period.

The Contribution of Medieval Islam to Rational Sciences, Philosophy and Fine Arts.

Development of Sufism and its Impact on the Muslim Society.

Challenges of Modernity and The Reform Movements among Muslims in India.

Unit VIII: Sikhism

Life and Teachings of Guru Nanak.

Development of Sikh Tradition under the Ten Gurus.

Sikh Scriptures (Adi Granth and Dasam Granth) .

Basic Doctrines, Beliefs and Code of Conduct.

Major Impact of Sikhism on the Society.

Sikh Sects and Gurdwara Reform Movement.

Sikhism in Diaspora.

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