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NTA (UGC) NET June-December 2021 Syllabus for Criminology

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NTA (UGC) NET Criminology Syllabus 2012

Code No. 68

Subject: Criminology


  • There will be two question papers-NTA (UGC) NET Criminology Paper II and NTA (UGC) NET Criminology Paper III
  • Paper II will consist of 50 questions worth 2 mark each.
  • Paper III will consist of 75 questions worth 2 mark each.

NTA (UGC) NET Criminology Paper II and Paper III


NTA (UGC) NET Criminology: Definition and Scope, Criminology and other Social Sciences; Legal, Social and Psychological Aspects of Crime; Traditional Crimes-Crimes against Property and Person.

Modern Crimes: Organized Crimes, Socio-Economic Crimes, Corruption, Cyber Crimes, Environmental Crimes, Terrorism and Insurgency; Crime and Politics.


Criminological thought in Ancient India and Abroad; Classical School and Neoclassical School; Positive School; Cartographic School; Sociological Theories-Social Structural Theories and Social Process Theories; Economic Theories of Crime; Critical Criminology/Radical Criminology/Labelling perspective.


Constitutional Theories: Body Types, Hereditary Traits, Endocrine Glands; Behaviourist Theories: Drives, Motives, Attitudes, Frustrations; Psycho-analytical Theories; Psychopathic Personality; Mental Health and Criminal Liability; Application of Psychology in Police, Courts and Corrections.


Criminological Research: Importance and Types; Research Questions and Hypotheses; Research Design; Sampling, Data Collection, Data Analysis, Interpretation and Report Writing; Statistical Application in Criminological Research; Sources of Crime Statistics in India and Crime Trends.


Social Change, Social Disorganization and Social Problems; Victimless Crimes: Alcoholism, Drug Addiction, Beggary, Commercial Sex, Suicide; Family centred Crimes: Dowry, Domestic Violence, Child Abuse; Community Problems: Inter-religion and Inter-caste tensions and conflicts.


Juvenile Delinquency: Concept and Causes; Pre-delinquency stages: Truancy and Vagrancy; U. N. Standard Minimum Rules for Juvenile Justice (Beijing Rules) ; Main Features of Juvenile Justice Act; Institutional Services: Observation Homes, Juvenile Homes, Special Homes, and ‘fit’ Institutions; Juvenile Aftercare Services.


History and Theories of Punishment: Historical Development from Punishment to Correction and Reformation, Prison Reform since Independence; Types of Punishment-Simple and rigorous imprisonment-Capital Punishment-Views of Abolitionists and Retentionists; Current problems and challenges in Prison Administration; Indeterminate and Determinate sentence.


Prison System in India; Correctional Programs in Jails; Aftercare Services for Adult and Juvenile Offenders; Probation, Parole-Concept and Historical Development, Probation under Different Laws.


Legal Approaches: Accustorical and Inquisitorial; Substantive and Procedural Laws-Criminal Liability, Strict Liability; Indian Penal Code-General Exceptions, Offences Against Property; Criminal Procedure Code; Cognizable and Non-Cognizable offences, Bailable and Non-bailable, Compoundable and Non-compoundable offences; Investigation of Crimes; Complaint, F. I. R. Powers of Police Officers, Arrest, Search, Seizure, Police Custody, Judicial Remand and Bail; Types of Evidence, Admissibility of Confession, Dying declaration; Rights of accused, Rights of victims, Rights of women in custody, Rights of prisoners.


Victimology: Concept, Origin and Development, Need to Study Victims, Victim Typology, Role of Victim in Criminal Phenomenon-Victim Precipitation; U. N. Declaration on the Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power; Victim՚s Rights-Fair Access to Justice, Restitution, Compensation, and Assistance; Victim Compensation Schemes in India; Human Rights-Protection of Human Rights Act.

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