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NTA (UGC) NET June-December 2021 Syllabus for Defence and Strategic Studies

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NTA (UGC) NET Defence Strategic Studies Syllabus 2012

Code No. 11

Subject: Defence and Strategic Studies


  • Theories and Concepts
  • Defence and Strategic Studies: Assumptions and Approaches.
  • The Concepts of Nation:
  • State and Nation-State
  • Theories and Elements of State
  • National Power and its Components
  • Key Concepts of Security:
  • National Security
  • Regional Security
  • Comprehensive Security
  • Common Security
  • Equal Security
  • National Security Objectives: Core Values, National Interests.
  • Challenges to Security: Individual, Sub-National; National, Regional and International Levels.
  • Non-Alignment, Balance of Power, Collective Security and Balance of Terror-Concept, Development and Relevance.
  • Concepts of Geopolitics and Geo-Strategy: Theories of Halford Mackinder and Carl Haushofer.
  • Defence and Security Policies: Concept, Formulation, Objectives and Linkages.
  • National Security Organizations in India:
  • Higher Defence Structure in India
  • National Security Council
  • Para-Military and Civil Defence
  • Civil-Military Relations
  • Deterrence and Detente: Concept, Theories of nuclear deterrence and their current relevance.
  • Contribution to Strategic thought by Kautilya, Mao, Jomini, Clausewitz, Douhet and Alfred Mahan.


  • Problems of Peace & Security
  • War:
  • Theories and causes of War.
  • Principles of War.
  • Contemporary Warfare: Conventional Warfare in Nuclear age, Limited War, Revolutionary Warfare, Low Intensity Operations, Guerilla Warfare, Insurgency and Counter-Insurgency.
  • Armaments: Arms Race, Arms Aid, Arms Trade, Anns Proliferation.
  • Military Alliances and Pacts, Peace Treaties, Defence Cooperation, Strategic Partnership and Security Dialogue.
  • Problem of System of Governance and Human Rights.
  • Terrorism: Concept and kinds (National, International and Cross border) .
  • Conflicting Ideologies: Militarism, Nationalism, Fundamentalism, Separatism, Irredentism.
  • Nuclear Proliferation & NPT, CTBT, MTCR, NMD.
  • Industrial Military Complex.


  • Global Security Issues
  • End of cold war and emergence of new world order.
  • Military, Nuclear and missile capabilities of China, Pakistan and India.
  • Re-Structuring of UNO.
  • Environmental Issues: Global Warming, Desertification, Acid Rains, Industrial Pollution, Deforestation.
  • Military Geography & Defence Problems: Nature of boundaries, Terrain
  • Sino-Indian and Indo-Pak border disputes and India՚s Continental Strategy with her neighbours.
  • Sri Lankan Ethnic Conflict.
  • Domestic unrest in Afghanistan.
  • West-Asian Crisis.
  • Developments in Central Asian Republics.
  • Ethnic issues in Yugoslavia.
  • Crisis in Chechenia.
  • Organized Crimes: Money Laundering, Narco-trafficking.
  • Militarisation of Indian Ocean and India՚s national, maritime and security interests in the Indian Ocean region. India՚s Maritime Strategy for the 21st Century.
  • Issues of Logistics: Resources, Supply chain, Transportation and Communication.
  • Problems of Refugees:
  • Causes of Migration.
  • Population in border areas and border security.


  • Issues in Conflict Resolution
  • Origin, Type and Structure of Conflict at inter-state level.
  • Images, belief systems and International conflicts.
  • Techniques of Conflict Prevention
  • Conflict Management: Pacific Solution of International Disputes, Coercive methods and war as an instrument.
  • International Humanitarian Laws and Laws of Armed Conflicts.
  • Confidence Building Measures: Concept, kinds and utility.
  • IGOs & NGOs in Conflict Resolution: Peace Making, Peace Keeping and Peace Building.
  • Techniques of Preservation of Peace: Collective Security System, Pacific Settlement, Enforcement Action. Regional Security Arrangements. Disarmament.


  • Economic, Science & Technology Issues and National Security
  • Broad Survey of Technological Changes from Industrial Revolution to Inform Action Revolution.
  • Economic Theories of Defence.
  • Basics of Defence Planning, Determinants of Defence Expenditure and Defence Budgeting.
  • National Security and International Trade regimes (WTO, TRIPS, TRIMS, NAFTA, SAPTA) .
  • India՚s Nuclear and Space Power Programs, India՚s Energy Scenario.
  • Research and Development:
  • Relevance of Science and Technology in National Security.
  • Impact of Information Technology; Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) .
  • Choice of Weapon Systems.
  • Impact of Economic Liberalization and Alobalization:
  • Defence Production in India (Role of DPSU՚s and Ordnance factories) .
  • Defence and Development and Peace and Development Dichotomies.
  • Issues of Mobilization of Resources during War and Peace.
  • Transfer of Technology: Dual use and critical technologies and their impact on national security.

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