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NTA (UGC) NET Political Science Syllabus 2012

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Code No. 02

Subject: Political Science


  • There will be two question papers, NTA (UGC) NET Paper II and Paper III.
  • Paper II will consist of 50 questions worth 2 mark each.
  • Paper III will consist of 75 questions worth 2 mark each.


Political Theory and Thought

  • Ancient Indian Political Thought: Kautilya and Shanti Parva.
  • Greek Political Thought: Plato and Aristotle.
  • European Thought-I: Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau.
  • European Thought-II: Bentham, J. S. Mill, Hegel, Marx and Green.
  • Contemporary Political Thought-I: Lenin, Mao, Gramsci.
  • Contemporary Political Thought-II: Rawls, Nozic and Communitarians.
  • Modern Indian Thought: Gandhi, M. N. Roy, Aurobindo Ghosh, Joy Prakash Ambedkar, Savarkar.
  • Concepts and Issue-I: Medieval Political Thought: Church State Relationship and Theory of Two Swords.
  • Concepts and Issue-II: Behaviouralism and Post-Behaviouralism, Decline and Resurgence of Political Theory. Democracy, Liberty and Equality.

Comparative Politics and Political Analysis

  • Evolution of Comparative Politics as a discipline; nature and scope.
  • Approaches to the study of comparative politics: Traditional, Structural-Functional, Systems and Marxist.
  • Constitutionalism: Concepts, Problems and Limitations.
  • Forms of Government: Unitary-Federal, Parliamentary-Presidential.
  • Organs of Government: Executive, Legislature, Judiciary-their interrelationship in comparative perspective.
  • Party Systems and Pressure Groups; Electoral Systems.
  • Bureaucracy-types and roles.
  • Political Development and Political Modernization.
  • Political Culture, Political Socialization and Political Communication.
  • Political Elite; Elitist theory of Democracy.
  • Power, Authority and Legitimacy.
  • Revolution: Theories and Types.
  • Dependency: Development and Under Development.

Indian Government and Politics

  • National Movement, Constitutional Developments and the Making of Indian Constitution.
  • Ideological Bases of the Indian Constitution, Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties and Directive Principles.
  • Constitution as Instrument of Socio-Economic Change, Constitutional Amendments and Review.
  • Structure and Process-I: President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, Working of the Parliamentary System.
  • Structure and Process-II: Governor, Chief Minister, Council of Ministers, State Legislature.
  • Panchayati Raj Institutions: Rural and Urban, their working.
  • Federalism: Theory and Practice in India; Demands of Autonomy and Separatist Movements; Emerging trends in Centre-State Relations.
  • Judiciary: Supreme Court, High Courts, Judicial Review, Judicial Activism including Public Interest Litigation cases, Judicial Reforms.
  • Political Parties, Pressure Groups, Public Opinion, Media; Subaltern and Peasant Movements.
  • Elections, Electoral Behaviour, Election Commission and Electoral Reforms.

NTA (UGC) NET Public Administration

  • Development of Public Administration as a discipline; Approaches to the study of Public Administration: Decision-making, Ecological and Systems; Development Administration.
  • Theories of Organization
  • Principles of Organization: Line and staff, unity of command, hierarchy, span of control, centralization and decentralization, Types of organization-formal and informal; Forms of organization; department, public corporation and board.
  • Chief Executive: Types, functions and roles.
  • Personnel Administration: Recruitment, Training, Promotion, Discipline, Morale; Employee-Employer Relations.
  • Bureaucracy: Theories, Types and Roles; Max Weber and his critics. Civil servant-Minister relationship.
  • Leadership, its role in decision-making; Communication.
  • Financial Administration: Budget, Audit, Control over Finance with special reference to India and UK.
  • Good Governance; Problems of Administrative Corruption; Transparency and Accountability; Right to Information.
  • Grievance Redressal Institutions: Ombudsman, Lokpal and Lokayukta.

International Relations

  • Contending Theories and Approaches to the study of International Relations; Idealist, Realist, Systems, Game, Communication and Decision-making.
  • Power, Interest and Ideology in International Relations; Elements of Power: Acquisition, use and limitations of power, Perception, Formulation and Promotion of National Interest, Meaning, Role and Relevance of Ideology in International Relations.
  • Arms and Wars: Nature, causes and types of wars/conflicts including ethnic disputes; conventional, Nuclear/bio-chemical wars; deterrence, Arms Race, Arms Control and Disarmament.
  • Peaceful Settlement of Disputes, Conflict Resolution, Diplomacy, World-order and Peace studies.
  • Cold War, Alliances, Non-Alignment, End of Cold war, Globalisation.
  • Rights and Duties of states in international law, intervention, Treaty law, prevention and abolition of war.
  • Political Economy of International Relations; New International Economic Order, North-South Dialogue, South-South Cooperation, WTO, Neo-colonialism and Dependency.
  • Regional and sub-regional organisations especially SAARC, ASEAN, OPEC, OAS.
  • United Nations: Aims, Objectives, Structure and Evaluation of the working of UN; Peace and Development perspectives; Charter Revision; Power-struggle and Diplomacy within UN, Financing and Peace-keeping operations.
  • India՚s Role in International affairs: India՚s relations with its neighbours, Wars, Security Concerns and Pacts, Mediatory Role, distinguishing features of Indian Foreign Policy and Diplomacy.

NTA (UGC) NET Paper III (Part a & B) Core and Elective or Optional


  • Political Theory
  • Nature of Political Theory, its main concerns; decline and resurgence since 1970s.
  • Liberalism and Marxism
  • Individual and Social Justice
  • Role of Ideology
  • Theories of change: Lenin, Mao, Gandhi.


  • Political Thought.
  • Plato and Aristotle.
  • Machiavelli
  • Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau and JS Mill.
  • Karl Marx
  • Gandhi, MN Roy, Aurobindo Ghosh.


  • Comparative Politics and Political Analysis.
  • Approaches to the study of comparative Politics Constitutionalism in theory and practice.
  • Executive, Legislature and Judiciary with special reference to India, USA, UK and Switzerland.
  • Party system and role of opposition.
  • Electoral Process Separation of Powers, Rule of Law and Judicial Review.


  • Political Development.
  • Political Modernization.
  • Political Socialisation and Political Culture.
  • Power and Authority.
  • Political Elite.


  • Making of the Indian Constitution.
  • Fundamental Rights and Duties, and Directive Principles.
  • Union Executive, Parliament.
  • Supreme Court, Judicial Activism.
  • Indian Federalism: Theory, Practice and Problems.


  • Dynamics of State Politics.
  • Local Governments: Rural and Urban.
  • Political Parties, Pressure Groups, and Public Opinion.
  • Elections, Electoral Reforms.
  • Class, Caste, Gender, Dalit and Regional Issues, Problems of Nation-Building and Integration.


  • Growth of Public Administration as a discipline; and New Public Administration.
  • Theories of Organisation (Classical, Scientific, Human Relations) .
  • Principles of Organisation.
  • Chief Executive.
  • Control over Administration Judicial and Legislative Bureaucracy.


  • Development Planning and Administration in India.
  • Bureaucracy and Challenges of Development.
  • Administrative Culture; Administrative Corruption, and Administrative Reforms.
  • Panchayati Raj.
  • Impact of Liberalization on Public Administration.


  • Theories of International Relations.
  • Ideology, Power and Interest.
  • Conflicts and Conflict-Resolution.
  • Changing concept of National Security and Challenges to the Nation-State System Arms and Arms-Control.


  • End of Cold War, Globalisation and Political Economy of International Relations in the Contemporary World.
  • Determinants and Compulsions of India՚s Foreign Policy; India՚s Nuclear Policy.
  • India՚s Relations with Neighbours and USA.
  • India՚s Role in the UN.
  • India and Regional Organizations (SAARC, ASEAN) , Indian Ocean.

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