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NTA (UGC) NET June-December 2021 Syllabus for Population Studies

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NTA (UGC) NET Population Studies Syllabus 2012

Code No. 15

Subject: Population Studies Syllabus


  • There will be two question papers, NTA (UGC) NET Population Studies Paper II and Paper III.
  • Paper II will consist of 50 questions worth 2 mark each.
  • Paper III will consist of 75 questions worth 2 mark each.

NTA (UGC) NET Population Studies Paper II and Paper III-A Core Group

Unit-I: Source of Population Data

  • World: Census, Registration of vital events. Demographic Surveys, Population Registers.
  • India: Census, Civil Registration System (CRS) , Sample Registration Scheme (SRS) , National Sample Survey (NSS) , Demographic surveys and other sources.
  • Nature and limitation of data from each of the sources. Data appraisal: Evaluation and adjustment of data.

Unit-II: Methods of Demographic and Population Analysis

  • Rates, Ratios, Proportions, Percentages, Person, Months/Years, incidence, prevalence.
  • Rates of Population Growth: Arithmetic, Geometric and Exponential Rates of Growth; Doubling Time; Location of Events in Time; the Lexis diagram.
  • Cohort and cross-sectional indicators.
  • Crude rates and standardized methods.
  • Methods of population projections.
  • Inter-censual/Post-censual estimates of population.

Unit-III: Population Composition and Change

  • Spatial and temporal changes in the size, composition & distribution of population-global perspective with special focus on India.
  • Composition of India՚s population.
  • Demographic Composition.
  • Social Composition.
  • Economic Composition.
  • Cultural Composition Concept of ageing.

Unit-IV: Nuptiality and Fertility

  • Concepts and measures of Nuptiality and Fertility Levels, trends and differentials of Fertility in India Sources of data on fertility
  • Determinants of fertility-Framework of fertility analysis-Davis & Blake՚s intermediate variable framework of fertility; Bongaart՚s proximate determinants of fertility.

Unit-V: Mortality, Morbidity and Health

  • Mortality-Concepts and measures.
  • Mortality trends, levels and determinants in India with special reference to infant mortality and maternal mortality.
  • Cause of Death statistics.
  • Life Table: Basic concept of the Life Table; types and forms of Life Table and Model Life Table.
  • Concepts and definitions of health and morbidity; measures of morbidity; Sources of data on morbidity and mortality.
  • Reproductive Health: Concept and framework; Reproductive morbidity; prevalence of RTI (reproductive tract infection) , STDs and HIV/AIDS; estimated levels and interventions.

Unit-VI: Migration and Urbanization

  • Basic Concepts and definitions Types of migrations-internal and international Trends and differentials of migration Determinants and consequences of migration.
  • Concepts and definitions of urban; trends and patterns of urbanization in India.
  • Issues in urbanisation and urban problems in developing countries with focus on India.

Unit-VII: Population Theories

  • Theories of Population Growth-Malthus to modern; limits to population growth.
  • Theory of Demographic Transition.
  • Theories related to fertility.
  • Theories related to migration and urbanization.

Unit-VIII: Population, Development and Environment

  • Concepts, definitions, relevance and measurement.
  • Inter-relationship between population growth, environment and sustainable development with special reference to India.
  • Human Development Index.
  • Implications of population growth on food supply, water, sanitation, housing, employment, health, education, etc.
  • Ecological balance and its maintenance.

Unit-IX: Population and Gender

  • Concept of gender-its relationship with components of population-fertility, mortality, migration.
  • Status of women-social, economic, cultural and health.
  • Women empowerment and its demographic consequences.

Unit-X: Population Policies and Programs

  • Population policies in the context of growth, structure, distribution and quality of life; Policies related to medical termination of pregnancy (MTP) , age at marriage, sex determination tests, etc.
  • National and State population policies in India.
  • Evolution of Family Welfare Program in India.
  • Program components and organization at different levels (Nation, State, District) .
  • Goals and achievements of the Family Welfare Program Methods of Program Impact Assessment Impact Assessment.

NTA (UGC) NET Population Studies Paper III-B

Elective Course-I (Techniques of Population Analysis)

  • Rates, ratios, proportion and percentages; Sources of data for their computation in population analysis.
  • Population growth rates: Decadal growth rates, arithmetic, geometric and exponential growth rates. Concept of population stabilization and net reproduction rate of unity.
  • Nuptiality indicators-their computation and sources of data
  • Fertility indicators-their computation and sources of data
  • Cross-sectional or Period indicators: CBR, GFR, ASFR, ASMFR, TMFR, TFR, GRR, NRR, replacement level fertility, Birth order statistics.
  • Cohort indicators: Children ever born, completed family size.
  • Age standardization or adjustment
  • Mortality indicators-their computation and sources of data.
  • CDR, ASDR, IMR, under-five, neo-natal mortality, post-natal mortality; MMR.
  • Measures of pregnancy wastage.
  • Computation of Life Table.
  • Model Life Tables.
  • Morbidity Indicators: Incidence, Prevalence and Case-fatality ratio.
  • Migration and its measurement
  • Population Estimation: Inter-censual and Post-censual, Methods of Population Projection.
  • Indirect methods of estimation of demographic rates
  • Estimation of Fertility.
  • Estimation of infant mortality.
  • Estimation of adult mortality.

Elective Course-2 Population, Settlements and Human Ecology

NTA (UGC) NET Population

  • Spatial Distribution of Population: Measures of density and concentration; factors affecting spatial distribution and temporal changes in density and concentration; world/India՚s pattern of population distribution.
  • Population Movements: Basic concepts and definitions; circulation, commutation, mobility, migration-their environmental impact assessment; determinants and consequences of internal/international migration; urbanization and migration in developed and developing countries; processes of sub-urbanization; rural urban continuum. Theories of migration, pull and push factors, Lee՚s theory of migration; Ravenstein՚s Law of migration. Peterson՚s typology; Stouffer՚s model of Intervening opportunities and competing migrants; gravity models; Harris-Todaro Model of Migration.


  • Human Settlements: Classification, Evolution and Growth; Morphology, Landuse and Functions; Spatial Organisation; Principles of Centrality and Hierarchy; Methods of measuring centrality and hierarchy; Central Place Region.

Human Ecology

  • Classical and modern views on the subject; human ecological processes (e. g. concentration-dispersion dichotomy, centripetal-centrifugal forces) and their role in shaping human ecological organisation.
  • Human ecological organizations: Physical, socio-economic, cultural; formal/non-formal.
  • Ecological imbalance and strategies to combat it:
  • Ecological imbalances caused by natural factors; human factors; impact on human ecological systems; man՚s perception and adjustment to such imbalances; sustainable population and sustainable settlements in the context of a regional ecosystem.

Elective Course-3 Population, Development and Environment

NTA (UGC) NET Population

  • Divergent views regarding the relationship between population and economic development.
  • Is population growth an obstacle to economic development? Coale & Hoover study, Limits to growth study, Enke՚s investment model approach.
  • Population growth is conducive to economic development-views of Colin Clark, Estner Boserup, Julian Simon.
  • ‘Development is the best contraceptive’ -Bucharest controversy.

NTA (UGC) NET Development

  • Changing Concept of Development-Emphasis on Equality-towards human centered development-welfare approach-investment in human capital approach, Physical Quality of Life Index (PQLI) , Human Development Index (HDI) .

NTA (UGC) NET Environment

  • Population and development impact on natural resources and the environment. Land degradation, deforestation, air and water pollution, global warming biodiversity. Impact on quality of life-health, employment, urbanization, poverty, housing, transport, safe drinking water, sanitation, etc. Population, environment and sustainable development.

Elective Course-4 Family Welfare Program in India

  • Historical Evolution of the Program: 1952 through current period.
  • Organizational Structure-Subcentre, Primary Health Centre, Community Health Centre, District and State Centre.
  • Program Service Infrastructure:
    1. Service Units Services
    2. Quality of Services
    3. Personnel
    4. Components and Services
    5. Ante-Natal Care
    6. Natal Care
    7. Post-Natal Care
    8. Family Planning
    9. Immunization
    10. Diarrhoea
    11. Acute Respiratory Infection
    12. RTI/STD
    13. MTP
  • Family Planning Methods: Advantages/disadvantages, effectiveness.
  • Program Achievement, Program goals in NPP-2000.
  • Evaluation of FW Program and data requirement.
  • Management Information System.
  • Indicators based on service statistics: Acceptance rates, percentage needs met, Couple protection rate.
  • Periodic Surveys: National Sample Surveys, Ad hoc Surveys and indicators used for assessment.
  • Sample Registration System.
  • Census

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