Expected Questions in Education & Latest Developments Part 2 (Set 2) (Download PDF)


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Food Processing Ministry to Collaborate with International Labs for Wider Acceptability of NIFTEM: - Ministry will collaborate w/multiple international laboratories testing various food products so that food products approved by laboratories at National Institute of Food Entrepreneurship & Management (NIFTEM) get worldwide acceptability. This was announced in NIFTEM Institute in Sonipat, Haryana.

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Expected Questions on Higher Education December 2018 - NTA NET Paper 1

Dr. Manishika Jain discusses Expected Questions on Education 2018 for NTA NET Paper 1 Part 2 of 3

Facilities Inaugurated at NIFTEM:

  • Pilot Plant for Ready-to-Eat and Traditional Food

  • Pilot Plant for Milk and Dairy Product

  • Pilot Plant for Fruits and Vegetable processing

  • Pilot Plant for Meat and Poultry Processing

  • NIFTEM Centre for Food Research and Analysis

  • NIFTEM would develop its own brand under which it could market products developed at institute.

  • Products would be cheaper, fresher & healthier that other products. Institute would become centre for excellence.

  • Students from NIFTEM learn theory & because of industry partnerships, learn what industry wants.

3,000 Additional Atal Tinkering Labs

NITI Aayog announced creation of 3000 additional Atal Tinkering Labs under Atal Innovation Mission (AIM).

NITI Aayog selected 3000 additional schools for establishment of Atal Tinkering Labs (ATLs), bringing total number of ATL schools to 5441.

Atal Tinkering Labs Program

  • Selected schools will receive grant of Rs. 20 lakh in next 5 years to establish Atal Tinkering Labs for nurturing innovation & entrepreneurial spirit among secondary school children.

  • ATL increases number of children exposed to innovation & technologies like 3D Printing, Robotics, IoT & microprocessors.

  • ATLs will function as innovation hubs for these student innovators to explore solutions to unique local problems which they come across in their everyday lives.

Atal Tinkering Labs

  • Labs aims to be innovative play workspaces for students b/w Grade VI to Grade XII, which stimulate innovations combining science & technology.

  • Thru labs, students will be encouraged to explore & experience Design Thinking & Innovation, using do-it-yourself approach & develop innovative solutions to India’s social, community or economic problems.

Modi Govt. to Replace UGC Act

PM’s vision to create 20 institutions of eminence & Ministry of Human Resource Development’s reforms push have set stage for overhaul of higher education in India that is long overdue.

Image of Regulatory Environment

Image of Regulatory Environment

Image of Regulatory Environment

  • HRD Ministry first saw passage of Indian Institutes of Management Bill, 2017, which will extend greater autonomy to IIMs.

  • Cabinet approved continuation of Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan, which is working quietly to improve quality of higher educational institutions in States thru outcome-based grants.

  • New Act should establish Higher Education Regulatory Commission (HERC), which will subsume functions of all 3 existing regulatory agencies under HRD Ministry.

Categories of Universities for Autonomy

  • UGC recently issued new rules & regulations under which it divided universities into 3 categories: I, II & III.

  • Category I & II universities were awarded autonomy, w/Category I universities receiving greater autonomy than Category II.

  • Major function on which UGC currently spends vast amount of time will be eliminated from responsibilities of HERC. This will leave HERC w/2 major tasks: decisions on disbursement of funds & accreditation.

  • To fulfil 1st function, HERC should have finance board.

  • To discharge 2nd function, it should have accreditation board.

  • HERC should have power to review whether entering institution has genuinely fulfilled all entry criteria, & in cases of deviations from criteria, to close it down.

  • Commission in cooperation w/accreditation board will have responsibility to draw up standards & grading system for colleges & universities.

  • Commission in cooperation w/finance board will develop guidelines for funding universities & colleges.

Entry of Foreign Institutions in the Act

  • Act should lay down clear path for entry of foreign institutions.

  • Top 200 - 300 institutions in world, according to generally accepted rankings, may be allowed entry as Category I institutions.

  • Act must chart path to integrate teaching & research. Separation b/w teaching at universities & colleges & research at research councils has not served cause of either higher education or research well.

  • Scholars stand to benefit from interacting w/young, inquisitive minds. It is critical for this interaction to be brought to centre of university education.

Meta University - Master of Mathematics Education First Meta University Program

Refer - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CE–vxA7BHg

Meta University concept marks paradigm shift in Higher Education in India. It is based on premise that ‘Whole is Greater than Sum of Parts’.

Image of Meta University

Image of Meta University

Image of Meta University

  • Meta University concept utilizes, exploits & creates synergy b/w programmes, activities & institutions.

  • Using India’s growing IT tools, Meta University concept combines best in traditional systems w/new opportunities for knowledge enhancement.

Programme will bring benefits to all stakeholders w/its expected outcomes:

  • New programmes

  • Flexible platforms

  • Wide reach - transcends tyranny of geography & tradition

  • Greater inter & trans-disciplinarity

  • Higher level of co-operation & collaboration b/w institutions

  • Unleashing new ideas

  • Innovation for problem solving

Key Ingredients for New Course

  • Creates new paradigm in knowledge systems

  • Reliance on National Knowledge Network

  • Pooling of resources by different institutions

  • Creation of synergies in innovative programmes

  • Use of information technology for virtual learning

  • Innovation in knowledge acquisition

  • Combining “Collaborative learning” & “Trans-disciplinary learning”

  • Mentor to serve as Catalyst

NHAI Receives Best Design Pavilion Award in Indian Science Congress

NHAI (National Highways Authority of India) pavilion at 105th Indian Science Congress has been adjudged as Best Design Pavilion.

NHAI had put up an exhibition stall to showcase its projects and other initiatives like Electronic Toll Collection, Wayside Amenities, Incident Management, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Road Safety etc.

Apart from showcasing the projects, a selfie point was created with a good highway projects at the background.

105th Indian Science Congress

  • 105th session of Indian Science Congress (ISC) was inaugurated at Manipur Central University in Imphal.

  • The focal theme of 5-day ISC was “Reaching the Unreached through Science and Technology”.

  • The highlights of the program were Children’s Science Congress, Women’s Science Congress, Science Communicator’s Meet and Science Exhibition.

  • 105th ISC was to be organized by Osmania University, but it backed out due to ongoing strike in the campus.

  • ISC 2018 was organized by the Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA), a premier scientific organisation of India. Earlier it was held at Shillong, Meghalaya in 2009.

  • Its thrust will be on science disciplines that affect society and sustainable development.

  • The first meeting of the ISCC was held in January 1914 in the Asiatic Society, Kolkata.

  • 104th edition of ISC was held in Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh) with the theme “Science and Technology for National Development”

Saksham Scholarship Scheme

Refer - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s7J-0Zpi3pI

SAKSHAM is a MHRD scholarship Scheme being implemented by AICTE. It is aimed at providing encouragement and support to 1000 specially abled children to pursue Technical Education.

Saksham Scholarship Scheme was launched on 11 November 2014.

SAKSHAM is an attempt to give every young student, who is otherwise specially abled, the opportunity to study further and prepare for a successful future.

Scholarship Incentives

  • Amount of scholarship is tuition fee of Rs. 30000/- or the actual fees, whichever is less

  • Rs. 2000/- per month for 10 months as incidentals

In case of tuition fee waiver/reimbursement, students would be eligible to get an amount of Rs. 30,000/- for the purchase of books/equipment/software/laptop/desktop/vehicle/fee paid towards competitive exam applications forms/exam/specific equipment/software’s for visually impaired/speech and hearing disabled.

Scholarship Eligibility

  • This scholarship is for those differently abled students whose family income is less than Rs. 6 lakhs per annum.

  • Out of the total number of scholarship in each scheme, 50 % scholarships are available at each degree/diploma level and also transferable in the event of non-availability of the eligible applicant in any of the of degree/diploma level programme.

  • The candidates to be selected on merit at the qualifying examination to pursue technical education from amongst such candidates.

  • Reservation is 15 % for SC, 7.5%, ST and 27 % for OBC candidates/applicants

- Published/Last Modified on: December 4, 2018


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