Expected Questions in Education & Latest Developments Part 2 (Set 3) (Download PDF)


Download PDF of This Page (Size: 436.67 K)

Indian Council of Agricultural Research’s Education Portal Launched: - Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare, launched Education portal of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) at Conference of Vice Chancellors of Agriculture Universities and Directors of ICAR Institutes in New Delhi.

Loading video•••

Expected Questions on Higher Education December 2018 - NTA NET Paper 1

Dr. Manishika Jain discusses Expected Questions on Education 2018 for NTA NET Paper 1 Part 2 of 3

Features of the Portal

  • Provides information on “Strengthening and Development of Higher Agricultural Education in India”.

  • Provides link and covers vital information of Agricultural universities for the benefit of students.

  • Provides information about Courses (Bachelor, Master and Doctoral), Facilities, Student Strength, Faculty Strength and Scholarships.

  • Provides Admission Announcements uploaded by universities under “Notifications” at the central place.

  • Provides information and search facility about “Events” organized by universities under “Event” menu.

  • Provides Advance Search Facility with multiple search options such as Stream, Subject, Course Category and University/College information on Courses along with seats, eligibility criteria and other information.

  • Provides access to Academic Management System developed by ICAR-IASRI and operational at Deemed and Central Universities of ICAR. Portal also provides links to other resources/sites important in the arena of Agricultural Education.

  • Portal is being used by Education Division, ICAR for data management of Annual reports, financial sanction and release of funds on the basis of online demand and relevant data submitted by universities.

  • Several checks, Standard and MIS reports have been developed in the Portal to aid in the monitoring of data.

ICAR Education Portal

  • It is designed and developed by the Division of Computer Application, Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute (IASRI) under the guidance of Agricultural Education Division, ICAR.

  • ICAR has developed 45 Integrated Farming System (IFS) models to help small and marginal farmers to tide over the problems associated with climate change.

  • ICAR has developed 623 certified District Level contingency schemes and organized skill development programmes for 40.9 lakh farmers.

  • ICAR has also developed 42 organic farming techniques, which were tested and are being further improved.

  • The portal would be available at: https://education.icar.gov.in

Government Nod for UGC Formula to Hit SC/ST, OBC Faculty Numbers

Number of SC, ST and OBC faculty in all central universities is set to shrink significantly with HRD Ministry accepted UGC’s new formula for implementing reservation in teaching posts.

New Formula Suggested by UGC

  • UGC has sought govt. approval for its proposal that reservation in faculty positions should be calculated department-wise and not based on the total posts in a university.

  • According to UGC sources, HRD Ministry, after consulting Law Ministry & Dept. of Personnel and Training, has granted its permission for the new formula

  • UGC is expected to notify the change through an executive order.

  • According to govt. report released in 2016,7 of every 100 teachers in colleges and universities are from disadvantaged castes.

  • In absolute numbers, only 1.02 lakh — or 7.22% — of 14.1-lakh teachers in 716 universities & 38,056 colleges in country were Dalits.

  • Tribal faculty was just 30,000 or 2.12%.

  • The change would reduce the number of seats reserved for marginalized candidates.

  • The UGC’s decision is based on an Allahabad high court order from April 2017.

  • The court was unhappy with the UGC’s policy of implementing reservations in a “blanket manner”.

India in Middle of an Engineering Education Crisis

Except IITs & other prestigious technology institutes, most engineering colleges are unable to provide education to engineering student that would get them suitable jobs.

There will be around 80,000 less seats in engineering this year in country. This will lead to around 3.1 lakh seats less in 4 years.

According to All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), nearly 200 ‘substandard’ engineering colleges have applied for closure.

Top 10 Engineering Colleges in India

Image of India in Middle of an Engineering Education Crisis

Image of India in Middle of an Engineering Education Crisis

Image of India in Middle of an Engineering Education Crisis

Closure of Engineering Colleges

  • According to AICTE, numbers of engineering seats are around 75,000 annually.

  • AICTE has approved progressive closure of more than 410 colleges across India, from 2014 - 15 to 2017 - 18.

UR Rao Committee

  • UR Rao Committee flagged future glut of graduates. It found technical education was expanding rapidly which could not be sustained in long run as there wasn’t as much demand for as supply of engineering graduates.

  • Rao committee had suggested 5-year moratorium on approvals for undergraduate technical institutions in states where student intake exceeded then national average of 150 seats per million population.

  • Indian students make substantial gains in mathematics & critical thinking skills in 1st 2 years of their education compared to their counterparts in China & Russia, but their overall higher-order thinking skills are substantially lower than Chinese & Russians.

  • Indian students are not unable to think high. It’s lack of quality education that stunts their academic growth.

What is National Institutional Ranking Framework? Ranking & Accreditation System

Refer -

Loading video•••

National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF) & NIRF Rankings 2018 - Higher Education

Dr. Manishika Jain in this video explains National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF) & Rankings 2018 - Higher Education

Also Refer-

Loading video•••

NIRF Ranking Weightage Criteria for 2018 - Higher Education

Dr. Manishika Jain in this video explains NIRF Ranking Weightage Criteria for 2018 - Higher Education

MHRD has launched NIRF to rank institutions across country. National Assessment & Accreditation Council (NAAC) does institutional assessment & accreditation.

  • Parameters for ranking cover “Teaching, Learning & Resources”, “Research & Professional Practices”, “Graduation Outcomes”, “Outreach & Inclusivity, ” & “Perception”.

  • National Board of Accreditation (NBA) does programmatic accreditation of technical programmes & courses.

  • 1st edition, India Rankings 2016 were announced on 4th April 2016.

  • They are available at: https://www.nirfindia.org/Home

Toppers of India Rankings 2017 (NIRF 2017):

Table contain show the Toppers of India Rankings 2017 (NIRF 2017)

Table contain show the Toppers of India Rankings 2017 (NIRF 2017)




Indian Institute of Science Bangalore


Indian Institute of Technology Madras


Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad


Indian Institute of Science Bangalore


Miranda House (Delhi)


Jamia Hamdard (Delhi)

  • 800 new private & public institutions participated in this year’s survey.

  • India Rankings, 2018 is set to be released in 1st week of April 2018.

  • UGC has issued Mandatory Assessment & Accreditation of Higher Educational Institutions, Regulations, 2012.

  • Govt. has started scheme called ‘Institutions of Eminence’ in which 20 institutions both public & private, would be selected on challenge method & they would be actively supported to come up in the global rankings.

  • To promote Research & Development in Higher Education, ‘Research & Professional Practices’ is given highest weightage of 40%, for ranking Universities.

Schemes for Promoting E-Learning

Loading video•••

Expected Questions CBSE NET November 2017 Paper 1: Higher Education

Dr. Manishika Jain explains the what to expect for 2017 Paper 1 - higher education.

Swayam, Swayam Prabha DTH Channels & National Academic Depository Launched

MHRD has launched many schemes for promoting e-learning. Objective is to take best teaching learning resources to all, including most disadvantaged. Main e-learning initiatives by MHRD are discussed below.


  • SWAYAM Prabha

  • E-pathshala

  • National Digital Library (NDL)

  • National Repository of Open Educational Resources (NROER)

NIRF India Rankings 2018 for Higher Education Institutions

  • National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) is released by MHRD. This framework outlines methodology to rank institutions across the country.

  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bengaluru became overall best institution in India by HRD Ministry’s NIRF.

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IIT-M) is adjudged best engineering college & Indian Institute of Management-Ahmedabad (IIM-A) is best management institution.

  • IISc stood 1st in university category, followed by Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) & Banaras Hindu University (BHU).

  • All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS) Delhi was ranked number one institute under medical college category.

  • Delhi University’s Miranda House was best college & NLSIU-Bengaluru best law school in the country.

New This Year

  • This year for 1st time medical & dental colleges were also ranked by NIRF.

  • The rankings assume significance as performance of institutions is linked w/ “Institutions of Eminence” scheme.

Methodology Institutions are based on five parameters covering:

  • Teaching,

  • Learning & Resources,

  • Research & Professional practices,

  • Graduation Outcomes,

  • Outreach & inclusivity & Perception

Institutions & Categories

  • In 3rd edition of NIRF Rankings, total of 2809 institutions participated in 9 categories. These institutions submitted 3954 different profiles.

  • Of 2809 institutions:

  • 301 were Universities,

  • 906 were Engineering Institutions,

  • 487 were Management Institutions,

  • 286 were Pharmacy Institutions,

  • 71 Law Institutions,

  • 101 Medical Institutions,

  • 59 Architecture Institutions

  • 1087 were General Degree Colleges.

General Development Assistance to Achieve Academic Excellence

  • UGC provides financial assistance under Scheme “General Development Assistance” to eligible Central Universities, Deemed Universities, State Universities & colleges to set up new & strengthen existing infrastructural facilities in institutions.
  • Financial assistance is provided in accordance w/extant guidelines, taking into consideration requirements of university/college & overall budget.

Other Steps to Achieve Academic Excellence

  • Govt. has approved scheme for providing Regulatory Architecture for upgrading of 20 Institutions as world class teaching & research institutions known as ‘Institutions of Eminence”.

  • UGC (Conferment of Autonomous Status upon Colleges & Measures for Maintenance of Standards in Autonomous Colleges) Regulations, 2018 are notified on 12th Dec. 02. , 2018.

    • Regulations ensure that quality HEIs become autonomous.

    • Autonomy is expected to enhance quality of education on one side & to promote innovation in teaching & research on other side.

  • Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) is implemented by MHRD w/aim of promoting access, equity & quality.

MOU between Indian Culinary Institute & IGNTU, Amarkantak for Degree Programs & Research

  • MOU is signed b/w ICI autonomous body under Ministry of Tourism, & Indira Gandhi National Tribal University (IGNTU), Amarkantak (MP) in New Delhi. MOU was signed for imparting collaborative degree programmes including research in field of culinary arts.

Indian Culinary Institute (ICI):

  • ICI is autonomous body under Ministry of Tourism.

  • Main objective of setting up of ICI was to institutionalize mechanism to support efforts intended to preserve, document, promote & disseminate Indian Cuisine, meet sectoral requirement of specialists specific to Indian Cuisine, as of promoting Cuisine as Niche Tourism product.

  • Academic courses from Noida campus would commence from 2018 - 19 batch & further batches at Tirupati campus from 2018 - 19 academic session.


  • ICIs will offer structured regular programmes of study specific to culinary arts & culinary management leading to graduate & postgraduate level degrees.

  • Promote research & innovation, organize demand driven certificate & diploma courses.

  • Document & create database specific to Indian cuisine & commission studies & survey on cuisine.

  • ICI would provide appropriate training platform at par w/elite “Chef Schools” functioning in diff. parts of developed world.

  • ICIs will help local youth to get trained in these streams as well as create entrepreneurs & make them self-sufficient.

  • Hotel & tourism industry will get benefitted by getting trained & skilled manpower which in turn will enhance their business & thus generate gainful employment.

NITI Aayog Announces Atal New India Challenges

  • NITI Aayog announced launch of ‘Atal New India Challenges’ programme under Atal Innovation Mission on 26th April, 2018. Programme launched to bring-in innovations & technologies relevant to people.

  • Initiative will focus on efforts towards solving problems in core areas, which would have direct impact on improving lives of citizens & generate employment.

  • Initiative will provide grants of up to Rs. 1 cr. to innovative products & solutions to address challenges in 17 diff. fields that are named.

  • Applicants showing capability, intent and potential to productize technologies will be awarded grants up to Rs. 1 crore.

  • Programme is currently accepting applications at http://aim.gov.in/atal-new-india-challenge.php & last date for applications is 10th June, 2018.

  • AIM start-ups to design market-ready products using cutting edge technologies or prototypes across pre-identified 17 focus areas:

  • Climate-smart agriculture

  • Fog vision system for road and rail

  • Prevention of rail failure using emerging technologies

  • Predictive maintenance of Rolling Stock

  • Alternate fuel based transportation

  • Smart mobility

  • Electric mobility

  • Safe transport

  • Instant portable water quality testing

  • Affordable desalination/recycling technology

  • Waste management recycling/reuse

  • Garbage composition devices

  • Quality of compost

  • Decentralized composting

  • Mixing blades for composting

  • Waste in public spaces

  • Dissuading public littering

Guidelines of Challenges:

  • Applicants showing capability, intent & potential to productise technologies in 17 identified areas will be awarded grants up to Rs. 1 cr.

  • Grant will be supported by mentoring & other support as needed at various stages of commercialization while generating wider deployment.

  • Winning grantees will be supported w/mentoring, go-to-market strategies by leading incubators, accelerators & experts, technical support, & other means.

  • Programme will be open to Indian companies registered under Companies Act 1956 & 2013, MSMEs, Start-Ups or private R&D organizations (other than Railway R&D organization), academic institutions, academicians, or even individual innovators.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 4, 2018


NTA NET Paper-1 fully-solved question bank (including prior year problems), mock test series, FREE video lectures, and online crash course: Our exclusive material coprehensively covers the vast and evolving paper 1 syllabus.