Expected Questions in Education & Latest Developments Part 3 (Set 2) (Download PDF)

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High Powered Committee to Examine System of CBSE Class X & XII Exams to Prevent Leakages: - High Powered Committee was constituted by Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD).

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Expected Questions on Higher Education December 2018 - NTA NET Paper 1

Dr. Manishika Jain discusses Expected Questions on Education 2018 for NTA NET Paper 1 Part 3 of 3

Vinay Sheel Oberoi is retired Secretary of Higher Education, MHRD will be Chairperson of 7 member High Power Committee.

Terms of Reference of Committee

  • To analyse all aspects related to the security checks for ensuring that question papers reach examinees w/o tampering.

  • To assess all areas of potential weakness in present system of transporting question papers from printing presses to examinees.

  • To recommend ways to make examination system more secure with use of technology & minimization of human intervention.

  • The committee will submit its report by on or before May 31,2018.

New Integrated Scheme for School Education

  • Dept. of School Education & Literacy formulated Integrated Scheme on School Education for period 2018 to 2020. Scheme was approved by Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs.
  • New scheme will subsume existing education schemes as Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) & Teacher Education (TE) .

Key Aspects of Scheme

  • Schemes are come in backdrop of PM’s vision of ‘Sab Ko Shiksha, Achhi Shiksha’.

  • Schemes aim to support States in universalizing access to school education from classes pre-nursery to XII across country.

  • Vision of Scheme is to ensure inclusive & equitable quality education from nursery to senior secondary stage in accordance w/Sustainable Development Goal for Education.

  • Scheme emphasized on improving quality of school education by focusing on 2 T’s – Teacher & Technology.

Objective of Scheme:

  • Provision of quality education and enhancing learning outcomes of students

  • Bridging Social and Gender Gaps in School Education

  • Ensuring equity and inclusion at all levels of school education

  • Ensuring minimum standards in schooling provisions

  • Promoting vocationalization of education

  • Support States in implementation of Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009

  • Strengthening and up-gradation of State Councils for Educational Research and Training (SCERTs) /State Institutes of Education and District Institutes for Education and Training (DIET) as nodal agencies for teacher training.

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)

  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is Indian Govt. program aimed to universalisation of elementary education in time bound manner.

Objectives of Programme:

  • All children in school. Education Guarantee Centre, Alternate School, ‘Back-to-School’ camp by 2003.

  • All children complete 5 years of primary schooling by 2007 & complete of elementary schooling by 2010.

  • Focus on elementary education of satisfactory quality with emphasis on education for life.

  • Block MIS -MAIN Role in SSA

Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)

RMSA, flagship scheme of GoI was launched in March 2009. Aim of this programme is to increase enrolment rate to 90 % at secondary & 75 % at higher secondary stage, by providing secondary school within reasonable distance of every home.

Objectives of Programme:

  • To improve quality of education imparted at secondary level through making all secondary schools conform to prescribed norms.

  • To remove gender, socio-economic and disability barriers.

  • Universal access to secondary level education by 2017

  • Universal retention of students by 2020.

Aviation Multi-Skill Development Centre in Chandigarh

An aviation multi-skill development centre (MSDC) was opened in Chandigarh. It is a CSR initiative of Airports Authority of India (AAI), first-of-its-kind centre would cost Rs. 5.2 crore.

  • The centre, which has come up in collaboration with National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) and Aerospace and Aviation Sector Skill Council (AASSC) of India.

  • The centre would leverage AAI’s existing infrastructure to offer training in modern courses and up skilling programmes to empower the youths.

  • Candidates would be certified by the NSDC through the AASSC.

  • Collaboration with NSDC and supported by the AASSC of India.

  • The officials of the project implementation agency, Bird Education Society for Travel and Tourism (BESTT) would be choosing the students by visiting different colleges and universities in the region, especially those from poor socioeconomic background.

  • The group would start with 3 courses initially

    • Airline customer services executive

    • Airline reservation agent

    • Airport security executive

  • Two-month courses and as per the MoU signed with the AAI, we will have to ensure 70 per cent of placement.

National Academic Depository (NAD)

  • Union Cabinet approved establishment of National Academic Depository (NAD). All degrees, certificates & awards in country will be made digitally available for verification on single spot under NAD.
  • NAD will be rolled out throughout country in 2017 - 18.
  • NAD will be operationalized by NSDL Database Management LTD. (NDML) & CDSL Ventures LTD. (CVL)

Salient Features of NAD

  • Operate in fully online mode

  • Allow lodging of academic awards in digital format, maintaining integrity of access to database and of awards lodged in database.

  • Allow Students to retrieve their lodged academic awards at any time

  • Allow Employers and other persons to verify the authenticity of any academic award.

  • Maintain the authenticity, integrity and confidentiality of the databases

Benefits of NAD

  • Institutional intervention to strengthen Academic Award notification and dissemination.

  • Enhances efficiency in providing services to NAD Stakeholders.

  • Attempts to eliminate undesirable practices such as corruption, manipulation of records, etc. and brings in transparency.

  • Eliminates fake/forged certificates.

  • Helps in Policy formulation with accurate MIS/Analytics.

Print Biennale India 2018 -the First International Exhibition of Graphic Prints & Lithography

  • 1st ever Print Biennale India 2018, International Exhibition of Graphic Print was held in New Delhi. Exhibition was organized by Lalit Kala Akademi. People were introduced with lithography medium of printmaking.
  • Exhibition was held with aim to endeavor quest for discovering new artistic trends in printmaking nationally & globally & to explore ideas in field.

  • Event comprised displaying of total 200 original prints are created but Indian & international artists of impeccable competence.

  • Exhibition Eminent Printmakers of India displaying master Indian printmakers was held on 26th March.

  • International participants from USA, UK, Sri Lanka, Italy, Mexico, China, Israel, Sweden, Lithuania, Poland, Argentina, Greece, Nepal, Bangladesh, & Mauritius had participated in event.

  • Total 988 entries at national level were received of which 127 were chosen for display.

  • Total 73 artworks of international artists are on display.

What is Raghwan Committee on Anti-Ragging? Anti-Ragging Efforts- Website, App

  • In order to address issue of increase in ragging cases, UGC brought UGC Regulations on Curbing Menace of Ragging in Higher Educational Institutions (HEIs).

Other Anti-Ragging Efforts

  • UGC has developed anti-ragging website called www.antiragging.in.

  • Anti-ragging mobile application was launched on 29, May 2017 for filing complaint on ragging the anti-ragging help line number.

  • CBSE has informed, whenever it receives any complaint of ragging in a school affiliated to it, it takes action as per the Affiliation Byelaws and existing guidelines that are available at: www.cbseaff.nic.in & www.cbse.nic.in

Committee on Effects of Ragging

  • Ministry constituted a 4 member Committee of mental health and public health professionals.

  • Committee is constituted to ascertain psychological impact of ragging on students, reasons and circumstances.

  • Committee assesses and quantifies the impact of ragging and indiscipline on standard of education and recommends urgent and mandatory mental health measures to be implemented, and practiced by school, colleges, and all educational and vocational institutions.

Raghwan Committee on Anti-Ragging:

  • Raghavan Committee was appointed to give suggestion on how to stop Ragging. Here are some recommendations of Raghavan Committee on Anti-Ragging:
  • Ragging & as act of human right abuse

  • Guidelines of Supreme Court Judgement 2001, it is not implemented by colleges.

  • Requirement of ragging awareness to stakeholders as well as freshers.

  • Need for strong & uniform ragging law.

  • Setup of toll-free helpline

  • Strong law against ragging with responsibility

  • NCERT, SCERT school books to include chapter on ragging

  • Psychological counseling on anti-ragging and human rights at senior secondary level

  • College should organize interactive session’s b/w juniors & seniors in presence of staff.

  • Hostels must be registered with local police and management of hostels

  • Committee suggests of setting up of anti-ragging monitoring cells at diff. levels to provide checks & balances at each level.

  • Ragging should be considered an important factor in accrediting educational institution by central regulatory bodies like MCI, AICTE, DCI etc.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 4, 2018

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