Expected Questions in Education & Latest Developments Part 3 (Set 3) (Download PDF)


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Shodhganga@INFLIBNET Platform to Make Ph. D. Thesis Available to Researchers: - UGC has Inter-University Centre (IUC) called INFLIBNET (Information & Library Network). Shodhganga@INFLIBNET is a repository of PhD thesis across the nation.

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Expected Questions on Higher Education December 2018 - NTA NET Paper 1

Dr. Manishika Jain discusses Expected Questions on Education 2018 for NTA NET Paper 1 Part 3 of 3

  • Provides platform for researchers to deposit their PhD theses & make them available to entire scholarly community in open access.
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Image of What is Shodhganga

Image of What is Shodhganga

Six Central Universities Approved for Starting Yoga Department

  • UGC has conveyed approval for starting Yoga Department in some central universities. Below six central universities across India have been identified by UGC (Universal Grant Commission) to start Yoga Department from academic session 2016 - 17:
  • Hemvati Nandan Bahuguna Garhwal University, Uttarakhand

  • Visva Bharati, Shantiniketan

  • Central University of Rajasthan, Ajmer

  • Central University of Kerala

  • Indira Gandhi National Tribal University, Amarkantak

  • Manipur University, Imphal

Syllabus of Yoga Department

  • Committee has formulated yoga syllabus to be included in bachelors & masters program for physiotherapy.

  • Syllabus includes component on cancer & neurological disorders.

  • Syllabus suggests how yoga can be used as adjunct therapy for patients passing thru chemotherapy.

Medical College at Silvassa in the UT of Dadra and Nagar Haveli

  • Union Cabinet approved setting up of medical college in Silvassa of Dadar & Nagar Haveli. This will increase availability of doctors & increase in medical education opportunities.

Key Facts of Medical College at Silvassa

  • Construction of this medical college will be done till 2019 - 20 & in accordance w/guidelines of Medical Council of India & Central Health & Family Welfare Ministry.

  • Expenditure of this medical college will be done by UT’s budgetary provision.

  • This medical college will improve health services & problem of doctors’ deficiency is distance.

  • This will encourage students of nearby rural areas to enter medical field.

  • Amount of Rs. 189 crores is fixed for its construction. This amount will be Rs. 114 cr. for year 2019 - 20. For year 2019 - 20 this amount will be Rs. 75 crores.

  • Medical College will benefit students, especially those of tribal & rural areas of 2 UTs, which will promote social equity.

Institution’s Innovation Council (IIC) Program of MHRD’s Innovation Cell

  • Institution’s Innovation Council (IIC) Program of Ministry of HRD Innovation Cell was launched in New Delhi. HRD Ministry has established Innovation cell at AICTE w/purpose to systematically foster culture of Innovation in all Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) across country.

Institution’s Innovation Council (IIC) Program

  • Purpose of formation of network of IICs is to encourage, inspire & nurture young students by exposing them to new ideas & processes resulting in innovative activities in their formative years.

  • Innovation Cell has undertaken many initiatives for educational advancement in higher education for encouraging best practices in innovation & advance research. For this, it has implemented programs like Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievement (ARIIA), Smart India Hackathon (SIH) - 2019, etc.

Major Focus of IIC

  • To create vibrant local innovation ecosystem.

  • Start-up supporting Mechanism in HEIs.

  • Prepare institute for Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements Framework.

  • Establish Function Ecosystem for Scouting Ideas & Pre-incubation of Ideas.

  • Develop better Cognitive Ability for Technology Students.

Leadership for Academicians Program (LEAP) and Annual Refresher Programme in Teaching (ARPIT) for Higher Education Faculty

  • Ministry of HRD launched 2 new initiatives viz. Leadership for Academicians Programme (LEAP) & Annual Refresher Programme in Teaching (ARPIT) for higher education faculty.

Leadership for Academicians Programme (LEAP)

  • It is 3 weeks (2 weeks domestic & 1 week foreign training) flagship leadership development training programme for 2nd level academic functionaries in public funded higher education institutions.

  • Its main objective is to prepare 2nd tier academic heads who are potentially likely to assume leadership roles in future.

  • It will provide senior faculty required leadership & managerial skills including skills of problem-solving, team building work, handling stress, communication, conflict management, understanding complexity & challenges of governance in HEIs & general administration.

  • It will be implemented thru 15 National Institute Ranking Framework (NIRF) top ranked Indian Institutions. Foreign universities identified for training collaboration are w/I top 100 in world global rankings.

Annual Refresher Programme in Teaching (ARPIT)

  • It is major & unique initiative of online professional development of 15 lakh higher education faculty using Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) platform SWAYAM.

  • Under it 75 discipline-specific institutions are identified & notified as National Resource Centres (NRCs) in phase I.

  • Courses will cover diverse range of topics. Each course will be 40 hour module w/20 hours of video content & 20 hours of non-video content.

  • ARPIT will be every year exercise & NRCs will continuously develop new refresher module in their earmarked discipline each year.

  • Training materials will be uploaded & made available thru SWAYAM. In inaugural year 2018 itself, NRCs are expected to cater to around 13 lakh faculty of total 15 lakh faculty in higher education.

Government Approves the Process of Constitution of New Boards of Governors for the IIMs as Per the IIM Act 2017

  • Union Govt. approved process of constitution of new boards of Governors for 20 IIMs as per IIM Act 2017.

Key Highlights of constitution of new Boards of Governors for IIMs

  • Approval for constitution of new boards for IIMs is given in consultation w/Union Ministry of Law & Justice.

  • Process is in accordance w/provisions of Section 10 of IIM Act 2017. IIM Act is historical step of Govt. that for 1st time provided comprehensive autonomy to higher educational institutions.

  • Govt. has decided to immediately withdraw Govt. nominees who are in excess of provisions of Act. This will pave way for complete control of institutions by reputed academicians & alumni.

  • Process of constitution of 1st boards would begin w/3 Ex-officio members, who will select Chairperson, who shall normally be current Chairperson & would be given full term under new Act (except where there are issues of ineligibility).

  • Board consisting of Chairperson & ex-officio members will co-opt 5 alumni from each of IIMs, who will normally be current serving members, except in cases of ineligibility.

National Institute of Homeopathy at Narela

  • Union Minister of State for AYUSH laid foundation stone of National Institute of Homeopathy at Narela.
  • This will be National level Institute & would be established as extension of National Institute of Homoeopathy, Kolkata.

Significance of National Institute of Homoeopathy

  • Institute will offer PG courses in 7 disciplines.

  • Intake of PG students will be 7 students per Dept. per Academic Year.

  • Intake of PhD students will be 10 students per year.

  • It is targeting only PG & PhD level teaching to fill up gap in high quality research & treatment in Homoeopathy.

  • Other auxiliary functions include diagnostic & supporting facilities along w/Central laboratory for Clinical Diagnosis & Investigations will be available.

  • Institute will provide residential accommodation for faculty, Operation theatre, ICU beds, Radiology, Physiotherapy, Yoga, Pharmacy & Housekeeping services.

  • Institute is proposed to be 100 bedded hospital & centre of excellence in quality education & research.

Atal Innovation Mission & SIRIUS Sign MoU for Promotion of Innovative Cooperation between Students of India & Russia

  • India’s Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) & Russian Federation’s SIRIUS Educational Foundation have signed MoU in New Delhi.
  • MoU’s main aim is to promote innovative cooperation b/w students of India & Russia.

Objectives of MoU

  • To remove cultural & language barriers b/w students of Russia & India

  • Share best practices in promotion of educational, scientific, innovative achievements

  • Promote innovative cooperation

  • Search & develop talented youth of both countries fostering knowledge driven innovation ecosystem in both countries.

About AIM-SIRIUS Innovation Festival 2018

  • Young innovators of Atal Tinkering Labs & SIRIUS Educational Foundation came together at 4 day Indo-Russian ATL innovation boot-camp from 1st to 4th Oct to promote spirit of collaborative innovation.

  • Boot-camp was organized by Atal Tinkering Labs, Atal Innovation Mission, w/support from Dept. of Design, IIT Delhi.

  • Innovations developed across space technology, healthcare, smart mobility, clean energy & agricultural technology were showcased.

4th Edition of NITI Lecture Series to be held on 22nd Oct. 2018

  • NITI Aayog is organizing 4th edition of NITI Lecture Series at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi on 22nd Oct. , 2018.
  • In 4th edition of NITI Lecture series, key note address will be delivered by Jensen Huang, President & Co-Founder, NVIDIA Corporation.
  • Theme is “AI for ALL: Leveraging Artificial Intelligence for Inclusive Growth”.


  • NITI has published National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence. National Strategy lays down vision of India for evolving robust ecosystem for AI research & adoption. Strategy is termed #AIForAll. It is focused on leveraging AI for inclusive growth in line w/Govt. policy of Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas.

  • NITI Aayog has signed Statements of Intent (SoI) with industry leaders such as Google, Microsoft & IBM to leapfrog India into global arena of future technologies & enable use of artificial intelligence in key, high gain sectors of social development such as healthcare, agriculture, smart mobility, education & infrastructure.

  • Multiple pilot projects are launched in areas of precision agriculture, creating AI led healthcare solutions, & bridging India’s diversity of languages by creating digital “Ek Bharat, Shrestha Bharat” platform using Natural Language Processing (NLP). NLP is system of protocols which allow machines or computers to understand & interact w/human speech & symbols.

  • NITI has proposed setting up of Centre of Research Excellence (CORE) to focus on developing better understanding of existing core research.

About NITI Lecture Series

  • ‘NITI Lectures: Transforming India’ was inaugurated by PM on 26th Aug. , 2016.

  • 1st key note address ‘India & Global Economy’ was delivered by Deputy PM of Singapore.

  • Aim of series is to enable learning, both at Centre & States, from successful development practice world over.

- Published/Last Modified on: December 4, 2018


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