Expected Questions on Education Set 1 – NET November 2017 - Part-2 (Download PDF)

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Here we will be covering solutions of the most important questions for upcoming November 2017 NET exam on education. We will be continuing the series with environment and computers which is gaining importance based on the current trend. Also note since this time there is no choice for paper 1 questions and all 50 questions are compulsory, you need to have a strong preparation for all topics including higher education.

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Expected Questions CBSE NET November 2017 Paper 1: Higher Education Set 2

Dr. Manishika Jain explains the what to expect for 2017 Paper 1 - higher education set 2.

National Initiative for Developing & Harnessing Innovations (NIDHI)

  • Platform for young scientist for research and development
  • Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspired Research (INSPIRE)
  • National Postdoctoral Fellowship (N-PDF)
  • Early Career Research Award (ECRA)
  • Research Associateship Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) Fellowship Schemes
  • CSIR provides Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Fellowship to certain top ranking JRF- NET qualified candidates for scientific research.
  • Thematic Fellowship programs in Solar Energy, Building Energy Efficiency Higher & Advanced Network, Bioenergy, and Water Research have been initiated by Department of Science & Technology (DST) to support young faculty and research scholars for conducting research in US R&D and academic institutions.

Key Initiatives

  • National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog is implementing Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) for promoting Incubators and Tinkering Labs
  • MHRD & DST to promote Research Parks
  • Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) in association with Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) has set up a Rs. 10,000 crore Fund to invest in Venture Capital Funds to promote innovations and start-ups
  • Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Industries has a program to setup incubators in the Agriculture sector, under the ASPIRE (‘A Scheme for Promoting Innovation, Rural Industry & Entrepreneurship’) program
  • Department of Bio-Technology has a program to promote incubators in the Biotech sector under the Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC) program.
  • MHRD has also launched a Smart India Hackathon for involving engineering students to provide solutions to problems faced by Government Departments.
  • Long Term Core Support through Technological Advancement for Rural Areas (TARA) scheme
  • Technological Intervention for Addressing Societal Needs (TIASN)
  • Technology Application for Livelihood Improvement of Scheduled Caste Population (TALIM-SC)

CSIR Programs

CSIR operated several activities under ‘CSIR-800’ (focused at bringing in desired S&T interventions for improving the quality of life of people at the base of the economic pyramid and removing drudgery in 11th Plan)

  • Food-processing unit set up at CSIR-Centre for High Altitude Biology (CSIR-CeHAB) in the tribal region of Lahaul and Spiti
  • Empowering the selected Women self-help groups in Manipur
  • Training and skill development techniques to terracotta pottery rural artisans across various states
  • Arsenic removal technology and de-fluoridation plants & variety of other water purification plants
  • Popularizing mushroom technology through transfer and training to benefit rural women in North East Sates
  • Medicinal & Aromatic plants (MAPs) and other related technologies for rural development in Jammu & Kashmir region and Western Himalayan region
  • Samadhan Kendra, Rural Information Technology centre to provide details about the agriculture

Dalit University

  • 1st Dalit University to be set up in Hyderabad by 2018
  • Proposal mooted by Telangana Social Welfare Residential Educational Institutions Society (TSWREIS) - runs 268 residential institutions for Dalit students from Class 5 to UG level, besides 39 non-residential play schools with pre-primary education recently sanctioned
  • Special training program called Operation Blue Crystal launched for Dalit MBBS aspirants

Digitize Educational Records

  • Effort by Sony
  • Using Blockchains - centralized ledger for storing educational information, such as degrees, diplomas, tests and more, as a kind of ‘digital transcript. ‘
  • Aims to prevent fraud & provide access to third-parties for job interviews and assessment
  • Trial in Global Math Challenge
  • System is managed by Sony Global Education, and is built on top of IBM Blockchain using IBM’s Cloud and The Linux Foundation’s Hyperledger Fabric 1.0 framework

National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF)

Competency-based framework that organizes all qualifications according to a series of levels of knowledge, skills and aptitude

Graded one to ten based on learning outcomes

Specific outcomes expected from implementation of NSQF are:

  • Mobility between vocational and general education by alignment of degrees with NSQF
  • Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL), allowing transition from non-formal to organized job market
  • Standardized, consistent, nationally acceptable outcomes of training across the country through a national quality assurance framework
  • Global mobility of skilled workforce from India, through international equivalence of NSQF
  • Mapping of progression pathways within sectors and cross-sectorally
  • Approval of NOS/QPs as national standards for skill training

National Career Service

Initiative launched by Ministry of Labour and Employment

Mission Mode Project for establishing quick and efficient career related services

Focus on right skill and employment

Converges Skill India, Digital India and Make in India

Focus Areas

  • Enhancing career and employment opportunities
  • Enhancing quality of workforce
  • Enhancing female labor force participation
  • Entrepreneurial endeavors
  • Engaging with rural workforce for higher productivity
  • Re-employment (second-life) opportunities
  • Transition of workforce from informal to formal sectors

Employment Exchanges (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959, makes it compulsory for all establishments with 25 or more employees to notify their vacancies to the respective State EEs.

As of now, 978 Employment Exchanges (EE) and University Employment Guidance Information Bureaus exist in India

As of 31st July 2017

  • Job Seekers Registered: 3.91 crore
  • Employers Registered: 14.86 lakh
  • Jobs Mobilized: 7.07 lakh
  • Job Fairs Organized: 740

Vidyanjali Yojana

School Volunteer Program

Initiative of MHRD, Department of School Education & Literacy to enhance community and private sector involvement in Government run elementary schools across the country under the overall aegis of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

Aims to bring together people willing to volunteer their services at schools which really need them.

Aim to develop new skills in schools. Skills to be targeted:

  • Health care
  • Entertainment and sports
  • Yoga techniques
  • Cleanliness programs
  • Art, Craft and Singing skills
  • Extra classes for subject related topics

Unnat Bharat Abhiyan

MHRD program to uplift rural India

Grassroot level development

Develop rural clusters

Launched in collaboration with the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and other leading Government Engineering Institutes like College of Engineering, Pune

Coordinated by IIT, Delhi

Statewise Initiatives

Uttarakhand

Universities should adopt villages for rural development

Programs of the national importance like Swachh Bharat, Adarsh Gram, Digital India, Make in India and Skill India need participation of universities

State has 31 universities and those can participate

Assam

Royal Global University: Not-for-profit Private University for world class infrastructure to groom bright and talented students across the region

360 Degree Development

Create global citizens

Telangana

First with respect to GER in high education among SCs

Second with respect to GER in high education among STs

Professor Jayashankar Agriculture University, Hyderabad had tripatriate agreement with National Academy of Depository and CVL-Mumbai under the Digital India program.

Bihar

Prof Sunaina Singh, Vice-Chancellor, English and Foreign Languages University (EFLU) now VC of Nalanda University

Sunaina Singh is vice president of ICCR and is first Indian woman to head as president of Shastri Indo-Canadian Institute, the bi-national research institution with headquarters in New Delhi and Calgary under the MHRD and Canadian Government.

Himachal Pradesh

Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) – HP beats Kerala in terms of learning outcomes

Measure to understand, understand to communicate, and communicate to change

Enrolment rate of students (6 - 14 years) in Himachal Pradesh was 99.8%. It secured 1st rank in achieving learning outcomes in basic reading and mathematics India wide.

West Bengal

Bengali mandatory for all schools – class 1 to 10

Uttar Pradesh

UP Board books replaced by NCERT

- Published/Last Modified on: August 28, 2017

NTA NET-JRF Upd.

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